Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Lesson Objectives 
Knows the different types of containment covered by the term ´packaged formµ 
Knows the classification of dangerous goods in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code  Knows the properties, characteristics and physical state of the different substances, materials and articles covered by the 9 classes of the IMDG Code  Ability to identify the marking, labeling and placarding of dangerous goods as required by the IMDG Code
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Lesson Objectives 
Knowledge as the cargo watch keeping officer that he should have information on the quantities, types of packages, proper shipping names (correct technical names), classification, stowage and segregation of dangerous goods to be handled  Knows that the duty officer should have information on the special measures to be taken when a certain dangerous cargo is handled  Knows that the measures to be taken in event of an incident or accident should be made known and that any necessary equipment and sufficient crew to operate it should be available
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Lesson Objectives 
Knows that the actions to be taken are laid down in the IMO Emergency Procedures for ships Carrying Dangerous Goods (EMS), the IMO Medical First Aid Guide for the Use in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG) and the International Medical Guide for ships (IMGS)  Knows that any incidents or accident during the handling of dangerous goods should be reported immediately to the person in charge of the operation  Knows that the IMDG Code lays down the packaging requirements

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Lesson Objectives 
Knows that the requirements for declaration of dangerous goods and its contents  Knows that any doubts about the suitability and integrity of packages should be reported to the master and chief officer  Knows the fire precautions which should be taken when carrying dangerous goods  Knows the precautions which should be taken while loading or discharging explosives  Knows that certain explosives require magazine stowage and construction of magazine
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Lesson Objectives 
Knows the meaning of the following stowage and segregation requirements for the different types of ships: 
    

On deck only On deck or under deck Away from Separated from Separated by a complete compartment or hold from Separated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

IMDG CODE

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

IMDG CODE 
Volume 1 (parts 1, 2 and 4-7 of the Code) contains sections on: general provisions, definitions, training classification packing and tank provisions consignment procedures construction and testing of packagings, IBCs,large packagings, portable tanks and road tank vehicles transport operations
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

IMDG CODE 
Volume 2 contains:  the Dangerous Goods List (equivalent to the schedules in previous editions of the Code), presented in tabular format limited quantities exceptions the Index appendices
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

IMDG CODE 
The Supplement contains the following texts related to the IMDG Code: EMS Guide Medical First Aid Guide Reporting Procedures Packing Cargo Transport Units Safe Use of Pesticides INF Code
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Regulation 2 - Classification 
Class 1  Class 4.1 Explosive. Flammable solids.  Class 2  Class 4.2 Gases: compressed, Substances liable to liquefied or dissolved spontaneous combustion. under pressure.  Class 4.3  Class 3 Substances which, in Flammable liquids. contact with water, emit flammable gases.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Regulation 2 - Classification 
Class 5.1 Oxidizing substances.  Class 5.2 Organic peroxides.  Class 6.1 Poisonous (toxic) substances.  Class 6.2 Infectious substances.  Class 7 Radioactive materials.  Class 8 Corrosives.  Class 9 Miscellaneous DG

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 1 : Explosives 
Div 1.1: substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard  Div 1.2: substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazards  Div 1.3: substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard 

Div 1.4: substances and articles which present no significant hazard  Div 1.5: Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard  Div 1.6: Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy 

Pyrotechnic substances means a substances designed to produce an  Explosive substances means effect by heat, light, sound, a solid or liquid substances gas or smoke or a ( or a mixture of substances) combination of these as the which is in itself capable by result of non-detonative chemical reaction of self-sustaining exothermic producing gas such at such chemical reaction. a temperature and pressure and at such speed as to  Explosive article means an cause damage to the article containing one or surroundings. Pyrotechnic more explosive substances. substances are included  Mass explosion means one even when do not evolve which effects almost the gases. entire load virtually instantaneously. DWKO/May 003/Y__

Explosives-Definitions

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 2 - Gases 

Class 2.1 Flammable gases
Gases which at 200 C and a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa:  .1 are ignitable when in a mixture of 13% or less by volume with air; or  .2 Have a flammable range with air of at least 12 percentage points regardless of the lower flammable limit. Flammability determined by test in accord with methods adopted by the IO of Standards.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 2 - Gases 

Class 2.2 Non-flammable, non-toxic gases Gases which are transported at a pressure not less than 280 kPa at 200 C, or as refrigerant liquids, and which: 
Are asphyxiant  Are oxidizing  Do not come under the other classes
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 2 - Gases 

Class 2.3 Toxic gases
Gases which .1 are known to be so toxic or corrosive to human as to pose a hazard to health; or .2 are presume to be toxic or corrosive to humans because they have a LC50 value equal to or less than 5,000 ml/m3 Note: Gases meeting the above criteria owing to their corrosivity are to be classified as toxic with a subsidiary corrosive risk.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 3-Flammable liquids 
These are liquids, or mixture of liquids, or liquids containing solids in solution or suspensions (e.g. paints, varnishes, lacquers, etc., but not including substances which, on account of the other dangerous characteristics, have been included in other classes) which give off a flammable vapour at or below 61 0 C (141 0 F) closed cup test (corresponding to 65.6 0 C (150 0 F) open cup test)

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 3 : Flammable liquids 
Class 3.1. Low flashpoint group of liquids having a flashpoint below ²180 C ( 00 F ) ,c.c. E.g. Acetone  Class 3.2. Intermediate flash point group of liquids of ²180 C ( 00 F ) up to but not including 230 C ( 730 F ) , c.c. E.g. Benzene  Class 3.3. High flash point group of liquids having a flashpoint of 230 C ( 730 F ) up to , and including, 610 C ( 1410 F ), c.c. E.g. Alcoholic beverages
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 4.1. Flammable solids 

Possessing the properties of being easily ignited by external sources, such as sparks and flames, and being readily combustible, or of being liable to contribute to a fire or cause one through friction. Also covers substances which are self-reactive, I.e. liable to undergo at normal or elevated temperature a strong exothermic decomposition caused by excessively high transport temperatures or by contamination.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 4.2. Substances liable to spontaneous combustion 
Either solids or liquids possessing the common properties of being liable spontaneously to heat and to ignite.

Class 4.3. Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases 
Either solids or liquids possessing the common properties, when in contact with water, of evolving flammable gases. In some cases these gases are liable to spontaneous ignition.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 5: Oxidizing substances or organic peroxides  Class 5.1. Oxidizing substances (agents)  These are substances which, although in themselves not necessarily combustible, may, either yielding oxygen or similar processes, increase the risk and intensify of fire in other materials with which they become into contact.

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 5.2: Organic peroxides 
Contain the bivalent ²OO- structure and may be considered derivatives of hydrogen peroxide, where one or both of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic radicals. Thermally unstable, which may undergo exothermic self- accelerating decomposition. May have one or more the following properties: 
   

Be liable to explosive decomposition Burn rapidly Be sensitive to impact or friction React dangerously with other substances; Cause damage to the eyes
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 6: Poisonous (toxic) and infectious substances  Class 6.1. Poisonous (toxic) substances.
These are substances liable either to cause death or serious injury or to harm human health if swallowed or inhaled, or by skin contact. 

Class 6.2. Infectious substances.
These are substances containing viable microorganisms or their toxins which are known, or suspected, to cause disease in animals or humans.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 7: Radioactive materials 
Comprises materials which spontaneously emit a significant radiation and of which the specific activity is greater than 70 kBq/kg ( 2nCi/g).  Curie-former unit of radioactivity (symbol Ci); 1 curie = 3.7 × 1010 becquerels

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 8: Corrosives 
Substances which are solids or liquids possessing , in their original state, the common property of being able more or less to damage living tissue. The escape of such substance from its packaging may also cause damage to other cargo or to the ship.

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Class 9: Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles  Class 9.1. Substances and articles not covered by other classes which experience has shown, or may show. To be of such a dangerous character that the provisions of part A of Chapter VII of SOLAS.1974, as amended should apply; and 

Class 9.2. Substances not subjected to the
provisions of part A of Chapter VII of SOLAS.1974, but to which the regulations of Annex III of MARPOL,73/78, apply.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Regulation 6 - Stowage requirements
DG in packages Stowed in ventilated Stowed safely Explosives secured Spaces or on deck & In magazine Segregated Special precautions for flammable Liquid/Gasses Adequate Precautions for Spontaneous heating DG
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

General fire precautions 

Reject any damages or leaking packages.  Stowed in a location which ensure protection from accidental damage or heating.  Combustible material must be kept away from ignition sources.  Goods must be segregated from substances liable to start or spread fires.  Ensure accessibility of DG.Can be protected or remove in case of fire.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

General fire precautions 

Enforce prohibition of smoking in dangerous area.  Enforce ´No Smokingµ signs or symbols.  All electrical fittings & cables must be in good condition.  Safeguard against short circuit and sparking.  All ventilators must have spark arrestors of suitable wire mesh.
DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

General precautions during loading and unloading of Class 1 Goods  Fire-fighting appliances ready for instant use.  Unauthorized personnel cleared of area.  ¶No Smokingµ notices posted and enforce prohibition of smoking.  Fire detection system tested.  No matches or lighters to be carried by anyone involved in the operation.  If possible the cargo ops carried out during daylight hours, ¶B· flag hoisted.

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

General precautions during loading and unloading of Class 1 Goods  Bilges should be cleaned before loading.  Inspect the ventilation fans to ensure that they are not unsafe.  Check the light conductors.  Only approved lightning to be used.  No wireless transmission to be permitted.  The radar should not be operated.  The funnel exhaust spark arrester in good condition.

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

General precautions during loading and unloading of Class 1 Goods  No bunkering or repair work during the ops.  Defective packages should not be accepted for shipment.  Fork lift trucks should not be used.  Operations should be suspended in rain.  All explosives should be tallied.  A responsible person should be present during the operation and any magazines should be kept locked when not in use.

DWKO/May 003/Y__

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Segregation Table
1.1 1.2 1.5 Explosives Explosives Explosives Flammable gases No Toxic, non flammable gases Toxic gases Flammable liquids 1.1,1.2,1.5 1.3, 1.6 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 3 * * * 4 2 2 4 1.3 1.6 * * * 4 2 2 4 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 3 4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.2 6.1 6.2 7 8 9 * * * 2 1 1 2 4 4 2 X X X 2 2 2 1 X X X 1 2 2 1 X X X 2 4 4 2 2 1 2 X 4 3 2 1 X X X 4 3 2 2 1 2 2 4 4 2 X X X 1 4 2 2 X X X 2 4 4 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 X X X X X 4 4 4 4 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 4 2 2 1 X X X X X X X X X X 

    

Code 1- ´Away Fromµ Code 2- ´Separated fromµ Code 2- ´Separated by a complete compartment fromµ Code 4- ´Sepatarated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment fromµ Code X- The segregation, if any, is shown in the D.G. List Code *- See 7.2.7.2 of this chapter
DWKO/May 003/Y18

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Segregation Table
1.1 1.2 1.5 Flammable solids Substances liable to spontaneous heating Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Oxidizing substances Poisonous/toxic substances Infectious substances Radio active materials Corrosives Miscellaneous dangerous substances 
Code 1- ´Away Fromµ Code 2- ´Separated fromµ Code 2- ´Separated by a complete compartment fromµ Code 4- ´Sepatarated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment fromµ Code X- The segregation, if any, is shown in the D.G. List Code *- See 7.2.7.2 of this chapter DWKO/May 003/Y14

1.3 1.6 3 3 4

1.4

2.1

2.2

2.3

3

4.1

4.2

4.3

5.1

5.2

6.1

6.2

7

8

9

4.1 4.2 4.3

4 4 4

2 2 2

1 2 X

X 1 X

X 2 X

X 2 1

X 1 X

1 X 1

X 1 X

1 2 2

2 2 2

X 1 X

3 3 2

2 2 2

1 1 1

X X X

5.1 6.1 6.2 7 8 9

4 2 4 2 4 X

4 2 4 2 2 X

2 X 4 2 2 X

2 X 4 2 1 X

X X 2 1 X X

X X 2 1 X X

2 X 3 2 X X

1 X 3 2 1 X

2 1 3 2 1 X

2 X 2 2 1 X

X 1 3 1 2 X

2 1 3 2 2 X

1 X 1 X X X

3 1 X 3 3 X

1 X 3 X 2 X

2 X 3 2 X X

X X X X X X

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Segregation : Code 1-Away from:
Effectively segregated so that incompatible materials cannot interact dangerously in the event of an accident but may be carried in the same compartment or on deck provided a minimum horizontal separation of 3M projected vertically , is obtained .
Prohibited storage Area
Prohibited storage Area

3m

3m

Prohibited Area

Incompatible package

DWKO/May 003/Y14

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Segregation-Code 2-Separate From 
In different holds when stowed under deck. Provided an intervening deck is resistant to fire and liquid, a vertical separation, I.e. in different compartments, may be accepted as equivalent to this segregation. For on deck stowage, this segregation means a separation by a distance of at least 6 metres horizontally.

Incompatible package

Deck resistance to fire and liquid
DWKO/May 003/Y15

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy 

Means by either a vertical or a horizontal separation. If the decks are not resistant to fire and liquid, then only a longitudinal separation, I.e. by an intervening complete compartment, is acceptable. For on deck stowage, this segregation means a separation by a distance of at least 6 metres horizontally.

Segregation-Code 3-Separated by a complete compartment from:
Incompatible package 12 m

Deck resistance to fire and liquid
DWKO/May 003/Y16

Akademi Laut Malaysia

Malaysian Maritime Academy

Segregation-Code 4-Separate longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment from: 
Vertical separation alone does not meet this requirements. Between a package under deck & on deck, a minimum distance of 24 m, including a complete compartment, must be maintained longitudinally. For on deck stowage, this segregation means a separation by a distance of at least 24 m longitudinally.
24 m, include intervening compartment

Incompatible package
DWKO/May 003/Y14

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