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(Week 1 & 2)

PowerPoint Slides

by Dr CHIA Chee Ming

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 1

11 October 2017

Students will learn to calculate shear force (SF) and

bending moment (BM) for beam subjected to non-

uniform distributed loading condition.

Students will gain an understanding on the relationship

between SF & BM for beam subjected to transverse

loading.

With the understanding on the relationship between SF

& BM, students will learn to sketch SF and BM diagram

in a much quicker way.

11 October 2017

Students will be able to solve engineering problems

related to beam subjected to transverse loading.

Students will be able to calculate SF & BM of beam

subjected to both concentrated and distributed loading

condition.

Students will be able to understand the relationship

between SF & BM for beam subjected to transverse

loading.

Students will be able to sketch SF & BM diagram in a

much quicker way, using proven equations.

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

graphs called shear and moment

diagrams.

Positive directions for shear are

denoted by an internal SF that

causes clockwise rotation of

the member on which it acts and

by an internal moment that

causes compression or pushing

on the upper part of the member

11 October 2017

apply the equilibrium equations,

P

F y 0; V

2

(1)

P

M 0; M

2

x (2)

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 6

11 October 2017

extending a distance x

within region BC is as

follow,

P P

Fy 0; 2

P V 0 V

2

(3)

L P

M P x x M L-x

P

M y 0;

2 2 2

(4)

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

Beam is initially straight and unstressed.

Material is homogeneous and isotropic.

Cross-section remain plane after bending.

11 October 2017

Example 1

Determine the internal normal force, shear force and the

bending moment acting at point B of the two-member

frame.

11 October 2017

Solution:

Member AC

MA = 0;

-400kN(4m) + (3/5)FDC(8m)= 0

FDC = 333.3kN

Fx = 0;

-Ax + (4/5)(333.3kN) = 0

Ax = 266.7kN

Fy = 0;

Ay 400kN + 3/5(333.3kN) = 0

Ay = 200kN

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 11

11 October 2017

Member AB

Fx = 0; NB 266.7kN = 0

NB = 266.7kN

Fy = 0; 200kN 200kN - VB = 0

VB = 0

M@B = 0; MB 200kN(4m) + 200kN(2m) = 0

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd

MB = 400kN.m 12

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

Solution:

2 regions of x must be

considered in order to describe

the shear and moment functions

for the entire beam.

0 x1 5 m,

Fy 0; 5.75 V 0 V 5.75 kN (1)

M 0; 80 5.75 x1 M 0 M 5.75 x1 80 kNm (2)

11 October 2017

Solution:

5 m x1 10 m,

Fy 0; 5.75 15 5x2 5 V 0 V 15.75 5 x2 kN (3)

x2 5

M 0; 80 5.75 x2 15x2 5 5x2 5 M 0

2

M 2.5 x22 15.75 x2 92.5 kNm (4)

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 17

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

Solution:

The distributed load is replaced by its resultant force and

the reactions.

Intensity of the triangular load at the section is found by

proportion,

w w0 w x

or w 0

x L L

11 October 2017

Solution:

Resultant of the

distributed loading is

determined from the area

under the diagram,

Fy 0;

w0 L 1 w0 x

2

2 L

x V 0 V

2L

w0 2

L x 2 (1)

w0 L2 w0 L 1 w0 x 1

M 0; x x x M 0 (2)

3 2 2 L 3

I-Station Solutions Sdn Bhd 21

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

Moment Diagrams

The following 2 equations provide a convenient means for

quickly obtaining the shear and moment diagrams for a

beam.

11 October 2017

Vertical equilibrium

dV

V wdx V dV 0 w

dx

Moment equilibrium

M Vdx wdx M dM 0

dx

2

dM

V

dx

11 October 2017

any two points to get change in shear

and moment.

- area under

Change in V wx dx distributed

shear

loading

M V x dx

Change in Area under

moment shear diagram

11 October 2017

11 October 2017

Practice 1

11 October 2017

Practice 2

11 October 2017

Practice 3

11 October 2017

Conclusion/Summary

Positive direction for SF is denoted by an internal

vertical force that causes clockwise rotation of the

member on which it acts

Positive direction for BM is denoted by an internal

moment that causes compression or pushing on the

upper part of the member

11 October 2017

References:

Benham, P.P.; Crawford, R. J. and Armstrong, C. G. 1996,

Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 2nd ed, Prentice Hall.

Gere, J. M. (formerly Gere, J. M. and Timoshenko, S. P.)

2002, Mechanics of Materials, 5th SI ed, Nelson Thornes.

11 October 2017

Key terms:

Term Definition

Shear Force (SF) Internal reacting force of beam (parallel to

cross-section) subjected to bending.

Bending Moment Internal reacting moment of beam subjected to

(BM) bending.

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