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Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering

NATURE
CONSERVATION
BFC10102
Prof Madya Dr Rafidah Hamdan
Room 7, Level 3, North Tower, FKAAS Building
Office Tel No: 07-4564369; email: maya@uthm.edu.my

UTHM, Sem 1 2016/2017


WELCOME..

Course: Nature Conservation


Code: BFC 10202
Lecture: 2 hours / week
Aims of Program: File of PEO & PLO
Aims of Course: File of RPP
Course E-Learning-Edmodo, Group code: ccg6z6. The
lecture notes, info, project, assignment will be uploaded in
the Edmodo.
Class Leader Appointment : WAN MUHAMMAD DANIAL
Important Dates

Test 1 : 14/10/2016 (Friday); 8-9 pm, Block F2 atas


(Week 6), Chapter 1- Chapter 3A
Test 2 : 2/12/2016; 10-11 am, Block F2 atas (Week
12), Chapter 3B Chapter 5
Individual Assignment due date: (Week7)
Project Presentation: Week 11- Week 13
NATURE CONSERVATION
BFC10102

Chapter 1: Introduction to
Nature Conservation
Chapter 1:
Introduction to Nature Conservation

Topics: (3 hours lecture)


1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment The link
1.2 Impact of human activities to natural
environment historical version
1.3 Why conservation for natural environment?
1.4 You as the steward
Objectives of this Part

To learn about the natural environment


To understand the impact of human activities on the
natural environment
To appreciate the need to maintain a good natural
environment
To realize the responsibility of human as khalifah
Chapter 1: Introduction to
Nature Conservation

1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment


Quiz 1 (20 mins)

A questionnaire will be given to you


The aim of this questionnaire is to gauge your
knowledge on conservation of the natural
environment
Please answer each question as briefly as
possible
Your name is important as we would do some
follow ups if there is a necessity
Quiz 1

Name, origin (town, country), age, religion


Previous learning institute (e.g.
polytechnics/high school etc)
Quiz 1: Answer briefly
Biodiversity
1. What is biodiversity
2. Give five examples of biodiversity
3. What are threats to biodiversity

Conservation
1. What is meant by conservation
2. List 5 reasons why conserve nature
3. List 3 global changes and 2 kinds of pollutions

People & nature


1. How do people alter nature
2. What can people do to protect nature
What you see in this picture?
What you see in this picture?
Which one is natural
environment?

Picture A Picture B

Which one is man-made?


What you see in this picture?
What is the link between
natural environment and mad-
made?
1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment

The Natural Environment


Components of nature: living and non living

Formation of Earth

Living things on Earth

Interactions

Evolutions
1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment

The Built Environment


Man-made

Road, buildings, bridges, dams, canals, parks

Tools vehicles, machinery

Man use energy and materials to built

Produce waste
1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment

The Link Existing at


same time
temporal
issue

Occupy
same
space
spatial
issue
Increasing need
for built
environment due
to increasing
human population
and modernization
1.1 Built vs. Natural Environment

Built environment houses, schools, garden


(landscaping), man-made lakes (all to do with
civil engineers!)
Natural environment forest, sea, rivers,
mountains, grassland, desert
Similarities: abiotic (non-living) and biotic
components, occupy same space (biosphere),
using same resources
Differences: human creation, renewable
resources
1.2 Impact of Human Activities to
Natural Environment

Environmental problems
a. What is it? Pollution
b. Causes?
c. Effects? Global changes
d. Whatcan
you do about
it?
Loss of biodiversity
1.2 Impact of Human Activities to
Natural Environment
List of Major Environmental Issues
Affecting Communities in Malaysia
location Nature of Socio impact Communitys Advocating
industry pledge NGO

Gebeng, Rare-earth Health hazards Close plant Save Msia,


Kuantan processing caused by Stop operation Stop Lynas.
Pahang radioactivity Stop Lynas
Coalition
Himpunan Hijau
2.0

Pengerang, Large scale Forced Stop project Save Pengerang


Johor petrochemical resettlement Reject resettlement Coalition
industry including Angry lobsters
schools,houses,
graveyards,
temples,
masjid;
fish depletion
caused by land
reclamation;
potential health
List of Major Environmental Issues
Affecting Communities in Malaysia
location Nature of Socio impact Communitys Advocating
industry pledge NGO

Tanjung Bin, Coal power plant Air pollution Stop the plant JARING
Johor causing Control pollution Sahabat Alam
respiratory Malaysia
problems
amongst Malay
villagers

Long Pasia, logging Logging causing Stop logging -


Sabah serious flood and
erosion

Baram, Baram Dam @ Forced Stop the dam project Save Rivers
Sarawak Hydroelectric resettlement, Sarawak
project land lost, cultural Baram
erosion, survival Protection
threatened Committee
1.3 Why Conservation for
Natural Environment?

Is this the way to conserve natural environment?


How does conservation comes
about?

The old way.. The best way..


Conservation

Why is conservation important to the


world?
Why is conservation important to
Malaysia?
Who is responsible for
conservation?
Practical examples of successful
conservation effort Taman Negara
Endau Rompin,Belum, Tg Piai,
gajah- Kuala Gandah, Kuala Krau,
1.4 You as the Steward

Responsibilities of human being


To belief in Him
To take care of his creation

We are cutting down forests for making


our homes. We are continuing with an
excessive consumption of natural
resources. Their excessive use is resulting
in their depletion, risking the life of our
future generations. Is this conservation?
Something to ponder..