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PL5101 Planning Analytical Method

Double Degree Master Programme of Regional and City Planning


School of Architecture, Planning, and Policy Development
Institute of Technology Bandung

PLANNING AND
ANALYTICAL METHODS
An Introduction

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URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING
Is a dynamic profession that works to
improve the welfare of people and their
communities by creating more convenient,
equitable, healthful, efficient, and
attractive places for present and future
generation.
Good planning helps create communities
that offer better choices for where and
how people live.
American Planning Association

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ROLE OF PLANNERS
Consider human communities are
always in the process of changing
Recognize the complexity of
communities
Concern about the future

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GENERIC PLANNING PROCESS
Gaps between the ideal and The ideal
existing condition condition chosen
ex-post to be realized
evaluation IDENTIFICATION &
EVALUATION or
DEFINITION OF
(EX-POST) The gap chosen
PROBLEMS
to be eliminated

DEFINING GOAL &


IMPLEMENTATION OBJECTIVES

DATA & ANALYSIS


SELECTING PRIORITIES DATA COLLECTION

ex-ante Primary &


evaluation Secondary
DESIGN ALTERNATIVE Quantitative &
SOLUTIONS DATA ANALYSIS Qualitative

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SPATIAL & DEVELOPMENT
PLANS IN INDONESIA

Source: PermenPU No. 17/2009 5


PLANNING & BUDGETING
PROCESS IN INDONESIA

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5 TYPES OF ANALYSIS IN
FORMULATING SPATIAL PLAN
Analysis of local carrying capacity (daya
dukung lingkungan) and land use
optimization.
Analysis of regional capacity (daya
tampung kota)
Analysis of service centers (pusat-pusat
pelayanan)
Analysis of spatial requirement
Analysis of development financing
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ANALYSIS FOR SPATIAL PLAN:
1. SPATIAL PATTERN
MAIN
TYPES OF
ELEMENTS OF DATA ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT
ANALYSIS
SPATIAL PLAN
1. Position and role of a city within national urban system
SPATIAL Analysis of urban
2. Position and role of a city within larger metropolitan area
PATTERN service centers and
3. Position and role of a city within provincial spatial pattern and structure
(POLA RUANG) strategic areas
4. Position and role of a city within national economic system
Analysis of local 1. Local economic base, local economic condition, informal sector
economic 2. Local economic prospectus
characteristics 3. Supporting infrastructures for economic development
Analysis of social 1. Existing and forecasted population density (in 20 years)
and demographic 2. Existing and forecasted demographic composition (in 20 years)
characteristics 3. Human resources quality in obtaining working opportunities
1. General characteristics (geographical location, morphology, etc)
2. Disaster prone areas (landslide, flood, earthquake, tsunami, geological
Analysis of physical
natural disaster, etc)
and environmental
3. Natural resources potentials (mineral, coal, oil, gas, geothermal,
characteristics
underground water
4. Agricultural land suitability

Source: PermenPU no. 17/2009 8


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ANALYSIS FOR SPATIAL PLAN:
2. SPATIAL STRUCTURE
MAIN
ELEMENTS OF TYPES OF ANALYSIS DATA ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT
SPATIAL PLAN
Transportation system: 1. Supply analysis: existing condition vs standard and economic growth
SPATIAL
road, railway, river, requirement
STRUCTURE
marine, and air 2. Demand analysis: existing and forecasted demand
(STRUKTUR
transport 3. Simulations of transportation infrastructure development alternatives and
RUANG)
infrastructure network impacts
1. Supply analysis: existing service coverage and energy sources capacity,
Energy/electricity
analysis of potential new energy sources.
infrastructure system
2. Demand analysis: existing and forecasted demand
1. Supply analysis: existing service coverage and technology
Telecommunication
2. Demand analysis: existing and forecasted demand, preference of
system
technology
1. Analysis of clean water service supply and demand
2. Analysis of wastewater, storm water, solid waste service supply and
Other urban
requirement
infrastructure system
3. Analysis of pedestrian ways supply and requirement
4. Analysis of disaster evacuation preparedness

Source: PermenPU no. 17/2009 11


ANALYSIS FOR SPATIAL PLAN:
PROGRAMMING & BUDGETING

MAIN ELEMENTS
TYPES OF ANALYSIS DATA ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT
OF SPATIAL PLAN

1. Sources of local revenues and allocations for financing local


Analysis of local fiscal development
PROGRAMMING &
capacity (development 2. Prediction of measures to strengthen local fiscal capacities
BUDGETING
financing) 3. Review of related regulations of plan implementation
4. Review of local development institutional system

Source: PermenPU no. 17/2009 12


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ANALYSIS FOR DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Analysis of local conditions


Analysis of local economic and fiscal situation
Evaluation of the previous fiscal year
performance
Review of government policies
Review of Peoples Representative Councils
main ideas
Analysis of local issues (problem structuring)
Setting priorities
Source: adopted from Permendagri 54/2010
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