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ELEC 315

Electrical Engineering
Materials and Devices
Fundamentals Underlying the
Operation of Electronic Materials
and Devices
Instructor: Dr. John Madden, jmadden@ece.ubc.ca
AMPEL 341 (lab), Kaiser 3042 (office)
Office Hours: to be arranged
Intro 1
The Ages

Golden
Bronze
Iron
Silicon
Organic?
Intro 2
Science + Materials
+ Imagination
+Fabrication

= Devices

Intro 3
Magnetic

Dielectric
Metallic Semiconductor +
Metal + dielectric
45 nm
Intro
intel.com 4
Optical Fibre
Intro 5
Magneto-resistive
Materials in the read head

Copper Coils
For Driving
Head
Ferromagnetic
Bit Storage

Intro 6
Course Topics
Metals and Semiconductors
Quantum mechanics, free electron gas, band
structure, PN junctions, applications (LED, solar
cell, transistors preparation for ELEC 415).
Dielectrics
Maxwells equations in matter, origin of
polarization, frequency dependence,
piezoelectrics, ferroelectrics, applications.
Magnetics
Magnetization, NMR/MRI, ferromagnetism,
magnetoresistance and memory.
Emerging Electronic Materials
Intro 7
Some Questions
Why are some materials good conductors?
What determines whether materials are
conductors, semiconductors or insulators?
Why are PN junctions formed?
Why are some materials transparent to light, and
what determines index of refraction?
How do crystal oscillators work?
What makes a material magnetic?
Why do magnets exhibit hysteresis?
What type of magnet should be used in an
inductor? In a DC motor?
Intro 8
The Future??

Intro 9
Intro 10
Intro 11
Intel Fab 32, 45 nm : 9 Billion

Newspaper Press

Intro Inkjet Printer 12


Intro 13
Clock Speed

Intro 14
http://www.tomshardware.com/2005/11/21/the_mother_of_all_cpu_charts_2005/
Limits
Frequency
Device Density

Intro 15
To go beyond silicon:
1.Small
(Molecular Scale)
2. Three
Dimensional
Intro 16
Intro 17
Courtesy of Dr. D.L. Pulfrey
Intro 18
Courtesy of Dr. D.L. Pulfrey
Intro 19
Courtesy of Dr. D.L. Pulfrey
Ubiquitous Electronics?

Every living organism has built in


intelligence why not every one
of our devices?

Intro 20
ORGANIC/POLYMER DEVICES Kodak Organic LED

Phillips OLED

Flex
Drain Organic Semiconductor
Insulator
Source
Circuit
Gate

Bottom Contacts OFET


Transistor Intro 21
Persistent Change:

Therefore: Emphasize
basics.
Quantum Mechanics
Maxwells Equations
Intro 22
Beyond Electronics

Energy Storage (Dielectrics,


Capacitors)
Electric Motors (Magnets)
Nanomotion (Piezoelectrics)

Intro 23
Course Basics
Lectures 4 hours per week
2 midterms (30 %), 1 final exam (50 %)
Assignments (10 %).
Participation (10 %) Clicker based +
reading quizzes
Connect course (lecture notes will appear
there and assignments)

Intro 24
Topics and Text
Diodes (quantum, solid state, conduction,
semiconductors);
Capacitors (dielectrics);
Oscillators (piezoelectrics);
Motors/Inductors (magnetic materials)

Text: Will send out some reading.

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