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Cheyenne Tate

GEM Rotation
Ms. Janelle Fraley MS, RD, CSR, LD
Chemosensation

Olfactory- cells in tiny patch in nose


conntected directly to brain

Gustatory taste buds in


mouth/throat

Molecules Messages
around us transmitted
stimulate to brain and
cells identified
Smell is an important component to flavor identification

Taste and smell cells are the only cells in the nervous system that are replaced
when they become old or damaged

With age frequency of replacement declines

Sweet Sour
Taste or smell?
Jelly beans
Chocolate
Coffee Salty Bitter
Allergies

Head Injury Medications

Cancer Neurological
Treatments Diseases
Smoke

Gas Leaks

Spoiled Food
Medications- Blandness Results
Antibiotics
Statins
Antihypertensive Excessive
Decreased intake sodium/sugar
intake
Xerostomia
Dysgeusia Increase sugar Depression
Gum disease
Smoking
Dentures Increase salt Weight loss
Neurological Nutritional Endocrine Local Viral
Alzheimers Cancer Cushings Allergic Acute Viral
Disease Syndrome rhinitis Hepatitis
Epilepsy Chronic Renal Diabetes Sinusitis Influenza
Failure
Multiple Liver Disease Hypothyroidism Sjogrens
Sclerosis Syndrome
Parkinsons Niacin Turners
Disease Deficiency Syndrome
Head trauma B12
Deficiency
Increasing color and textures in meals
Cold foods- gelatin, yogurt, pudding
Introduce fats and herbs
Fresh uncooked vegetables
Increase spices
Plastic utensils
Supervision for food safety
Smoking cessation

Refer to otolaryngologist
National Cancer Institute. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
(CTCAE) Version 4.0. 2010. Website. Accessed September 27, 2017.
Boyce JM. Effects of ageing on smell and taste. Postgraduate Medical Journal.
2006;82(966):239-241. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2005.039453.
Doty RL. Taste and Smell in Aging. Clinical Neurology of Aging. 2010:384-395.
doi:10.1093/med/9780195369298.003.0033.
How Smell and Taste Change as You Age. National Institute on Aging.
https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/smell-and-taste#cancer. Accessed September 28,
2017.