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Formative

assessment for
first 2 lectures
For each item below, use the pull-down menu to
select the letter that labels the correct part of the
image.

3.1 carrier-mediated facilitated diffusion.


3.2 simple diffusion.
3.3 osmosis.
3.4 channel-mediated facilitated diffusion.
Matching
1. the method by which larger particles and macromolecules
enter the cell by an infolding of the plasma membrane.
2. movement of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other small
uncharged molecules across membrane.
3. the movement of water across a selectively permeable
membrane.
4. Molecules moving against the concentration gradient.
5. the fusion of a vesicle with the plasma membrane to move
substances out of the cell.
6. the tendency of molecules to move along their concentration
gradient from a region of high concentration to a region of
low concentration.
7. methods depending on carrier proteins and energy 5
A. Exocytosis
B. Osmosis
C. active transport mechanisms
D. Endocytosis
E. diffusion

6
1. Endocytosis of large items, such as bacteria or cellular
debris.
2. Endocytosis of a tiny quantity of extracellular fluid
containing solute molecules

A. Pinocytosis
B. phagocytosis
1) Mitochondria.
2) Ribosome.
3) Nucleus.
4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
5) lysosomes

a) Form protein.
b) Synthesize lipids.
c) energy house.
d) contain DNA.
e) Destroy old organelles.
1. a passive process utilizing a
protein carrier
2. movement of a substance
that utilizes a carrier;
a) Simple diffusion
energy comes directly from
hydrolysis of ATP b) Facilitated diffusion
3. random motion of a c) Active transport
substance resulting in
movement from an area of
high to lower
concentration
Lysosomes perform which of the
following cellular functions?

a) formation of microtubules
b) intracellular digestion
c) lipid synthesis
d) protein synthesis
e) generate energy

10
Which type of membrane transport
process uses ATP as a source of
energy?

a) simple diffusion
b) osmosis
c) primary active transport
d) facilitated diffusion
e) filtration
Which of the following cell
organelles is responsible for
generating most of the energy the
cell uses to perform work?

a) cytoskeleton
b) Golgi apparatus
c) mitochondrion
d) smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Which of the following cell
organelles serves as the site of
protein synthesis?

a) ribosome
b) lysosome
c) Golgi apparatus
d) mitochondrion
Which of the following transport
mechanisms involves the
movement of water?

a) facilitated transport
b) active transport
c) osmosis
d) diffusion
e) filtration
Simple diffusion is best described
as substances __________.

a) moving passively against a concentration gradient.


b) moving passively down a concentration gradient.
c) moving actively down a concentration gradient.
d) moving actively against a concentration gradient.
Shrinkage takes place when a cell
is placed in a(n) __________.

a) hypotonic solution
b) normal saline
c) hypertonic solution
d) isotonic solution
True and false
a) All substances can pass freely between the intracellular
and extracellular fluids through a phospholipid bilayer.
b) Simple Diffusion is the movement of molecules from a
region of high concentration to a region of low
concentration.
c) Rough endoplasmic reticulum possesses ribosomes on its
surface.