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CLIL umbrella term for:

learning another subject or parts of subject (geography,

history, science, art, etc.) through the medium of a foreign

learning a foreign language by studying a content-

based subject

also known as Content-based Instruction or English

Across the Curriculum
Classroom Principles:

Language is used to learn as well as to communicate

Language is approached lexically rather than


It is the subject matter which determines the language

needed to learn

CLIL lesson should combine listening, reading,

speaking and writing skills

Learner styles are taken into account in task types

Coyles 4 Cs Framework
4 Goals of CLIL (4 Cs Framework) by Coyle

CLIL lesson should combine:

Content - subject or theme; not only about acquiring

knowledge and skills, the learners should create their
own knowledge and understanding and develop skills
(personalized learning)

Cognition students use critical thinking to

understand the content and solve the problems
4 Goals of CLIL (4 Cs Framework) by Coyle

Communication students communicate their

thoughts, opinions, attitudes in target language
(spoken, written). Aim produce authentic language

Culture students are exposed to alternative

perspectives and shared understandings, building
intercultural awarness
CLIL Strategies (Meyer):

Rich Input - Meaningful, challenging and authentic

study materials, focused on current global problems,
connected with daily lives of students

Scaffolding Learning to help students to

understand the content and language of the
materials given; support the language production.
Teacher = facilitator
CLIL Strategies

Rich interaction and pushed output encourage

students to communicate and interact as much
as possible, to reflect on their output and modify it
to enhance comprehensiblity and accuracy
- trigger student interaction and output by tasks

Adding the (Inter-)cultural Dimension looking at

various topics from different cultural angles
CLIL Strategies

Make it H.O.T. (High Order Thinking) create

environment in which students are engaged,
challenged and saturated with various types of

Sustainable learning new knowledge has to

become deeply rooted in students long-term
memory. Passive knowledge has to be turned into
active knowledge.
CLIL Pyramid
The Advantages Of CLIL

raises learners linguistic competence and confidence

has a positive effect on language learning by putting

the emphasis on meaning rather than on form

encourages spontaneity on talking

increases vocabulary learning skills and grammatical

The Advantages Of CLIL

increases motivation to learn foreign language

introducing learners to the wider cultural


takes into account the learners interests, needs

and cognitive levels
Possible problems with CLIL

finding suitable authentic materials for lower

level students

students overuse of native language

teachers fear of not having background

knowledge of the subject