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Technique of Answering Questions

Additional Mathematics
PAPER 1 80 MARKS
25 QUESTIONS - ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS
4 QUESTIONS 2 MARKS
12 QUESTIONS 3 MARKS
9 QUESTIONS 4 MARKS

PAPER 2 100 MARKS

PART A ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS


(6 QUESTIONS) (40 MARKS)

PART B ANSWER FOUR QUESTIONS


(5 QUESTIONS) (40 MARKS)

PART C ANSWER TWO QUESTIONS


(4 QUESTIONS) (20 MARKS)
Exam Format of Paper 1
(3472/1)
Number of Questions Contents
25 short questions (Answer all) All the syllabus for form 4 and 5

Total Marks Level of Difficulty


80 marks R:S:T=6:3:1
(2 - 4 marks each question) (15, 8, 2) @(15, 7, 3)

Duration Instruments
2 hours Scientific Calculator
Mathematical Tables
Construct Field Geometrical sets
Knowledge : 20%
Application : 80%
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 3
1)The quadratic equation
x2 x 2 px p 2
where p is a constant, has two different roots.

x 2 1 2 p x p 2 0
or a 1, b 1 2 p, c p 2 B1
or a 1, b 2 p 1, c p 2

)0
2
1 2 p 4(1)( p 2 B2

1 1
p 0.25 or p or p N1
4 4
SPM 2004, P1, Q5

Find the range of values of x for which


x(x 4) 12

x (x 4) 12
x2 4x 12 0
(x + 2)(x 6) 0 B1

x B2
-2 6

2 x 6 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 8

Given that log8 p log 2 q 0


express p in terms of q.
log8 p log 2 q log1 B1
log p log q
or
log 8 log 2
1
log p log q 0
3

log p log q 3 0
1 B2
3
p p
log 0 or log 0
q 3
q pq 3
1
log p log q or log p log q 3
3
N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 9
Given the geometric progression
10 20
5, , , ....
3 9
find the sum to infinity of the progression.
2
r or 0.667 B1
3
5 5
S or
2 1 (0.667) B2
1
3

Ans.: 3 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 11
The first three terms of a
geometric progression are
x, 6, 12
Find
(a)the value of x,

6 12
r
x 6

x 3 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 11
x, 6, 12.......G.P
r2
(b) the sum from the fourth term to the ninth term.

3(2 1)
9
3(2 1)
3 3(2 9
1) 3(2 3
1)
or -
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
24( r 6
1) B2
24(r 1)
6
or ,r 1
or , r 1 equivalent r 1
r 1
or 24 48 96 192 384 768
24(1 r )
6 B1
or or 3(2)3 3(2)4 3(2)5 3(2)6 3(2)7 3(2)8
1 r
24 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9
or 24, 48,96,192,384, 768
Ans.:1512 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 13

Given that a 13i j and b 7 i kj


,find
(a) a b in the form xi yj

Ans.: 6i (1 k ) j N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 13

Given that a 13i j and b 7 i kj


,find
(b) the values of k if a b 10

B2
(k 1) 64 or
6 k 10
2 2
B1
or 6 k 100
2 2 2 22 4(1)(63)

or 62 (k 1) 2 100 2

Ans.: 9 or 7 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 14
Diagram 1 shows a triangle POR. Given
PQ 3a , PR 6b
and point S lies on QR such that QS : SR 2 :1
, express in terms of a and b
(a) QR

PQ PR B1
or QP PR
.
or 3(a 2b)
N1
or 3(a 2b)
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 14
2
* 3a 6b
(b) SP 3
1
or * 3a 6b
3
2
or * 3a 6b B1
a 4b 3
1
or * 3a 6b
3
1PQ 2 PR
or = -
1 2
.

Ans.: a 4b
1QP 2 PR
or N1
1 2
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 18
m m

Given that f ( x) dx 6 and f ( x) 2 dx 14


5
5
, find the value of m.
m m

f ( x)dx 2dx or B2
6 2 x 5 14
5 5 m
B1
2x or 2dx 8
or 6 2 x 5 14
m

or 2dx 14 6

Ans.: 3 N1
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 19
dy
The gradient function of a curve is kx 6
dx
, where k is a constant. It is given that the curve
has a turning point at (2,1). Find
(a) the value of k,
SPM 2009 Paper 1, Question 19

(b) the equation of curve.


Exam Format
Paper 2(3472/2)
Construct Field
No. of Questions and Marks
Application : 60%
Part A (40 marks)
Problem Solving : 40%
6 medium questions (Answer all)
( 6 -7 marks each question]
Contents
Part B (40 marks)
All the syllabus of Form 4 & 5
5 long questions (Ans 4 questions)
[10 marks each question]
Level of Difficulty
Part C (20 marks)
R:S:T=4:3:3
4 long question [ Ans 2 questions)
[10 marks each question]
Instruments
Scientific Calculator
Total Marks
Mathematical Table
100 marks
Geometrical Sets

Duration
2 hours 30 minutes
Key towards achieving A+ / Pass

Read question carefully


Follow instructions
Start with your favourite question OR the
questions you are confident with
Show your working clearly
Choose the correct formula to be used
+(Gunakannya dengan betul !!!)
Final answer must be in the simplest form
The end answer should be correct to 4 S.F.
(or follow the instruction given in the question)
3.142
Key to achieve the better result

Proper / Correct ways of writing mathematical


notations
Check answers!
Proper allocation of time (for each question)

Paper 1 : 3 - 7 minutes for each question


Paper 2 :
Sec. A : 8 - 10 minutes for each question
Sec. B : 15 minutes for each question
Sec. C : 15 minutes for each question
SPM 2003 Paper 2, Question 1

Solve the simultaneous equation 4x + y = - 8


and x2 + x y = 2 (5 marks)
Answer
Make x or y the subject P1
8 y
x or y 8 4x
4
Eliminating x or y
K1
8 y 8 y
2

y 2 or x 2 x (8 4 x) 2
4 4

Solving the quadratic equation : K1


x = -2, -3 or y = 0 , 4 N1

y = 0 , 4 or x = -2, -3 N1
SPM 2006 Paper 2, Question 3

Two companies, Delta and Omega, startto


sell cars at the same time.
(a) Delta sells k cars in the first month and
its sales increase constantly by ncars
every subsequent month. It sells 240
cars in the 8thmonth and the total sales
for the first 10 months are 1 900
cars.Find the value of kand of m.
[5 marks]
K1

K1
K1

N1

N1
(b) Omega sells 80 cars in the first month
and its sales increase constantly by 22
cars every subsequent month.
If both companies sell the same number
of cars in the nth month, find the value
of n. [2 marks]
K1

N1
SPM 2007 Paper 2, Question 3
F5
Vectors : Unit Vectors

Given that OA = 2i + j and OB = 6i + 4j, find


the unit vector in the direction of AB

B
AB = OB - OA
= ( 6i + 4j ) ( 2i + j )
= 4i + 3j K1

l AB l = 4 3
2 2

A
= 5
1
Unit vector in the direction of AB = (4i 3 j ) K1 N1
5
F5
Parallel vectors

Given that a and b are parallel vectors, with


a = (m-4)i +2 j and b= -2i + mj. Find the the value of m.

a=kb

a= b
(m-4) i + 2 j = k (-2i + mj) K1

m- 4 = -2k 1

mk = 2 2 K1

m=2 N1
F5
Linear Law

1. Table for data X and Y


1-2

Y 2. Correct axes and scale used 1

3. Plot all points correctly 1

4. Line of best fit 1


5. Use of Y-intercept to determine value
X of constant
2-4
6. Use of gradient to determine
another constant
F5
Linear Law

Bear in mind that ......

1. Scale must be uniform


Y 2. Scale of both axes may defer :
FOLLOW given instructions !

3. Horizontal axis should start from 0 !

4. Plot against .
X

Vertical Axis Horizontal


Axis
x2 LINEAR LAW
Table 1 shows that the values of two variables x
and y which are obtained from an experiment.
Given that
2
x and y are related with the equation
y = pk x , where p and k are constants.
x 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0
y 1.59 1.86 2.40 3.17 4.36 6.76
(a)Plot the graph of log y against x.
Then, draw the best fit line [5 ]
(b)From the graph, find the values of
(i) p, (ii) k [5 ] (SPM 03Q7)
1
(a) x2 2.25 4.00 6.25 9.00 12.25 16.00
lg y 0.20 0.27 0.38 0.50 0.64 0.83 1
lg y

Plot lg y against x 2
Correct axis and 1
0.9 uniform scale
x
0.8 6 points are plotted 1
correctly
0.7
x
Line of best fit
0.6 1

0.5 x

0.4 x
0.3
x
0.2 x

0.1
2
x
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
LINEAR LAW
K2 S7
2
x
(b) y = pk
2 1
lg y = x lgk + lg p

(i) We know that lg k = gradient 1

k = 1.1 (approximate to 2s.f) 1

(ii) We know that lg p = y-intercept 1

p = 1.1 till 1.3 (approximate to 2 s.f) 1


Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
(SPM 2006, P2, Q9)
Diagram 3 shows the triangle AOB where O is the origin.
Point C lies on the straight line AB.
A(-3, 4) y

Diagram 3
C

x
O

B(6, -2)

(a) Calculate the area, in units2, of triangle AOB. [2 marks]


(b) Given that AC : CB = 3 : 2, find the coordinates of C. [2 marks]
(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always twice its
distance from point B.
(i) Find the equation of locus of P,
(ii) Hence, determine whether or not this locus intercepts the y-axis.
[6 marks]
(SPM 2006, P2, Q9) : ANSWERS
A(-3, 4) y

3
Diagram 3
C
2
1 0 6 3 0
x
1 O
9(a) 0 24 0 0 6 0 K1
2 0 2 4 0 2 B(6, -2)
= 9 N1 Use formula
To find area

9(b) 2(3) 3(6) 2(4) 3(2)


, K1
3 2 3 2 Use formula correctly
nx1 mx2 ny1 my2
12 2 ,
, N1
mn mn
5 5
(SPM 2006, P2, Q9) : ANSWERS

A(-3, 4) y
2
P(x, y)
9(c) (i) C
1
O x

AP = [ x (3)]2 ( y 4)2 B(6, -2)
K1 Use distance formula

AP = 2PB
K1
AP2 = 4 PB2
Use AP = 2PB
(x+3)2 + (y 4 )2 = 4 [(x 6)2 + (y + 2)2

x2 + y2 18x + 8y + 45 = 0 N1


(SPM 2006, P2, Q9) : ANSWERS

9(c) (ii) x = 0, y2 + 8y + 45 = 0 K1 Subst. x = 0 into his locus

b2 4ac = 82 4(1)(45) < 0 K1


Use b2 4ac = 0
or AOM

So, the locus does not intercept the y-axis. N1


(his locus
& b2 4ac)
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
(a) Senior citizens make up 20% of the population of a
settlement.
(i) if 7 people are randomly selected from the
settlement, find the probability that at least two of
them are senior citizens.
(ii) if the variance of the senior citizens is 128,
what is the population of the settlement? [5]
(a) (i) 1 [ p(x = 0) + p(x = 1) ]
1 1
1 7 C 0 (0.2) 0 (0.8) 7 7 C 1 (0.2) 1 (0.8) 6

0.423 1
(a) (ii) n (0.2)(0.8) = 128 1
n = 800 1
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
(b) the mass of the workers in a factory is normally distributed
2
with a mean of 67.86 kg and a variance of 42.25 kg 200 of the
worker in the factory weigh between 50 kg and 70 kg. Find
the total number of workers in the factory. [5] (SPM03Q10)


(b) P 50 - 67.86 < Z < 70 - 67.86
1
6.5 6.5

P (- 2.7477 < z < 0.3292)

1 (0.00299 + 0.3711) 1

0.6259 1

200 = n (0.6259) 1
n = 319 1
LINEAR PROGRAMMING

Yahya has an allocation of RM 225 to buy x kg of prawns


and y kg of fish. The total mass of the commodities is not
less than 15 kg. The mass of prawns is at most three
times that of fish. The price of 1 kg of prawns is RM 9
and the price of 1 kg of fish is RM 5.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other than and , which


satisfy all of the above constraints. [3]
(b) Hence,

(a) x + y > 15 1
1
y> x
3 1
9x + 5y < 225
1
(b) Hence, using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg for both
axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies
all the above conditions. [4]

(c) If Yahya buys 10 kg of fish, what is the maximum


amount of money that could remain from his
allocation? [3] (SPM03Q14)

(c) Nilai x minimum = 5 jika y = 10 1


225 [9(5) + 5(10)] 1
RM 130 1
y

Melukis sekurang-
kurangnya satu garis
betul dari
45 ketaksamaan 1

40

35

30 Ketiga-tiga garis
9x + 5y = 225 lurus betul
25 2
20
R
15
y = 10 Lorekan yang
10
1 memenuhi
y= x
5 x + y = 15 3 ketiga-tiga 1
ketaksamaan
x
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
The grading based on marks obtained.
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
GRADE MARKS
A+ >71%
A 64 70%
A- 56-63%
B+- 50 55%
B 45 49 %
C+ 40 44%
C 35 39%
D 30 34%
E 21 29%

G9 fail < 20%