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What is non verbal
‡ Nonverbal communication has been defined as communication
without words.

‡ It includes apparent behaviors such as facial expressions, eyes,

touching, and tone of voice, as well as less obvious messages
such as dress, posture and spatial distance between two or more

‡ A communication where action speaks louder than words.

|umans use nonverbal Communication because::

‡ Words have limitations: There are numerous areas where

nonverbal communication is more effective than verbal (when
explain the shape, directions, personalities are expressed

‡ Nonverbal signal are powerful: Nonverbal cues primary

express inner feelings (verbal messages deal basically with
outside world).

‡ Nonverbal message are likely to be more genuine: because

nonverbal behaviors cannot be controlled as easily as spoken
|uman use nonverbal communication

‡ Nonverbal signals can express feelings inappropriate to state:

Social etiquette limits what can be said, but nonverbal cues can
communicate thoughts.

‡ A separate communication channel is necessary to help send

complex messages: A speaker can add enormously to the
complexity of the verbal message through simple nonverbal
O es of nonverbal communication

‡ ´Nonverbal communication involves those nonverbal stimuli in

a communication setting that are generated by both the source
[speaker] and his or her use of the environment and that have
potential message value for the source or receiver [listener].
O es of nonverbal communication

‡ Basically it is sending and receiving messages in a variety of ways

without the use of verbal codes (words). It is both intentional
and unintentional. Most speakers / listeners are not conscious
of this. It includes ³ but is not limited to:

² Kinesics / Body Language

² Space & Proximics
² Gestures
›od language/ Kinesics
‡ Body language is body movements that depend on a person·s
attitude or feelings. Body language includes the way people walk,
how they stand, and their facial features.

‡ In other words, any kind of meaning that is shown by a person's

body attitude or movements. For example, when a boy is sad he
may droop his head and walk slowly. Or, if a girl is happy, she
might run and jump or stand up straight and put her hands in the
›od language/ Kinesics
‡ People don't have to say anything to show how they feel about
things. The colour of people's skin may even show how they
feel. For example, if people with light colored skin get
embarrassed, their skin may turn red, or if they are worried, they
might get pale.

‡ Body language can be voluntary (on purpose) or involuntary (a

person can·t help it). An interesting fact is that blind children will
smile when happy even though they have never seen a smile.
Èacial Exression
‡ The girl on the left by her expression
expresses that she is angry.
‡ Her anger is shown only by
her body language
Èacial Exression
‡ The image indicates four friends.
They are all in party mood.
‡ This expression indicates that
they are happy«
þace & Proximics
‡ Proxemics is the study of how people use and perceive the
physical space around them. The space between the sender and
the receiver of a message influences the way the message is

‡ The perception and use of space varies significantly across

cultures and different settings within cultures. Space in nonverbal
communication may be divided into four main categories:
intimate, social, personal, and public space.
Oraditional þ stem Of Classroom

‡ Circles represent students seats. People occupying the dark seats

will account fora very large proportion of the total interaction
between teacher and the students in this type of
arrangement.People seating in the gray seats interact some, but
much less frequently than those in the darkened areas and people
in the white seats will participate very infrequently, if at all.
Oraditional þ stem of Classroom
‡ Most common explanations for this variance in
participation are that students sitting in the dark
seats have the best visual contact with the
teacher and they are in comparatively closer
proximity to the teacher.
Wh is Nonverbal Communication imortant?

‡ Use to repeat the verbal message (eg. point in a direction while

stating directions)

‡ Often used to assent a verbal message (eg. Verbal tone indicates

the actual meaning of the specific words)

‡ Regulate interactions (non-

(non-verbal cues covey when the other
person should speak or not speak).
Ois to imrove non-

‡ Positive NV behavior improves your non-non-verbal communication

‡ You can improve your effectiveness as a non-
communicator by observing and analyzing both the physical
environment of interactions and the body language, appearance,
gestures, vocal cues, eye contact, and touching behavior of the
‡ Inculcate positive Body Sport.
Non verbal Communication