Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

. introduce the concepts of cognitive development or the way children learn and think that have similar to those of both Freud and Erikson and yet separate from each.Jean Piaget is a Swiss psychologist.

colored boxes) Coordination of secondary reaction . 8-12 months Infant can plan activities to attain specific goals.g. recognize. Good toy: nesting toys (e. Can search for and retrieve toy that disappears from view. good game: peek-a-boo.. and repeat pleasurable experiences from the environment.Stage of development Sensorimotor Neonatal reflex Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Age span 1 month 1-4 months Nursing implication Stimuli are assimilated into beginning mental images. Enjoyable activity for this period: a rattle or tape of parent’s voice Primary circular reaction Secondary circular reaction 4-8 months Infant learns to initiate. Recognizes shapes and sizes of similar objects. Good toy: mirror. infant experiences separation anxiety when primary caregiver leaves. Because of increased sense of separateness. Behavior entirely reflexive Hand-mouth and ear-eye coordination develop.

to discover new properties of objects and events. Invention of new means through mental combinations 18-24 months Preoperational thought 2-7 yrs Thought becomes more symbolic. foresee maneuvers that will succeed or fail. categories. Transitional phase to the preoperational thought period. colored plastic rings. Uses memory and imitation to act. displays static thinking. Concept of time and distance is only as far as he/she can see. e. Comprehends simple abstractions but thinking is basically concentrate and literal. Good toy: those with several uses such as blocks.g. Can solve basic problems. can arrive at answers mentally instead of physical attempt. Good game: throw and retrieve. Unable to state cause-effect relationships. modeling clay . or abstraction. Capable of space and time perception as well as permanence. Good toy: items that requires imagination. Centering/focusing on single aspect of an object causes distorted reasoning. Child is egocentric.Tertiary circular reaction 12-18 months Child is able to experiment.

Formal operational thought . present. Adult or mature thought. Understand conversation. Expose the child to other viewpoints. Child is aware of reversibility. Good activity: collecting and classifying natural objects such as native plants and etc. understands causality and can deal with the past. and future. Uses memory to learn broad and subgroups of concept. see constancy despite transformation. 12 yrs Can solve hypothetical problems with scientific reasoning.Concrete operational thought 7-12 yrs Concrete operations include systematic reasoning. Good activity: “talk time” to sort throught attitude and opinions.

Fin… Thanks! .

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