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Fluidflow

Fluidflow

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FLUIDS

NATURE OF

FLUIDS

Question No.1

A fluid is one which

a. cannot remain at rest under the action of shear force

b. continuously expands till it fills any container

c. is incompressible

d. permanently resists distortion

A

Question No.2

In an incompressible fluid density

a. is greatly affected by moderate changes in pressure

b. is greatly affected only by moderate changes in

temperature

c. remains unaffected with moderate change in

temperature and pressure

d. is sensible to changes in both temperature and

pressure

C

VISCOSITY

Question No.3

Dimension of viscosity is

a. ML-1T-1

b. MLT-1

c. MLT-1T

d. MLT

A

Question No.4

Poise is converted into stoke by

a. multiplying with density (g/cc)

b. dividing with density (g/cc)

c. multiplying with specific gravity

d. dividing with specific gravity

A

Question No.5

Dimension of kinematic viscosity is

a. ML-2

b. L2T-1

c. L2T

d. L2T2

C

Question No.6

With increase in the temperature viscosity of a liquid

a. increase

b. decreases

c. remains constant

d. first decreases and then increases

B

Question No.7

For water, when the pressure increases the viscosity

a. also increases

b. decreases

c. remains constant

d. first decreases and then increases

D

Question No.8

25 0C. Its viscosity is

a. 0.001 Pa-s

b. 0.01 Pa-s

c. 0.10 Pa-s

d. 1 Pa-s

C

PRESSURE

Question No.9

Choose the set of pressure intensities that are

equivalent

a. 4.33 psi, 10 ft. of water, 8.83 inches of Hg.

b. 4.33 psi, 10 ft. of water, 20.7 inches of Hg.

c. 10 psi, 19.7 ft. of water, 23.3 inches of Hg.

d. 10 psi, 19.7 ft of water, 5.3 inches of Hg.

A

Question No.10

the surface of a swimming pool is

a. 20 kPa

b. 200 kPa

c. 150 kPa

d. none of these

D

LAMINAR AND

TURBULENT

FLOW

Question No.11

flows of fluid in a conduit

a. Nusselt number

b. Grashof number

c. Peclet number

d. Reynolds number

D

Question No.12

a. very viscous fluid

b. very narrow passages for capillary tube

c. very slow motions

d. none of these

D

Question No.13

lb/ft3 flows through a 1/2 inch inside diameter pipe.

Determine the velocity in ft/s below which flow will

be laminar.

a. 87.20

b. 13.10

c. 0.63

d. 16.90

D

Question No.14

The value of critical Reynolds number for pipe flow is

a. 1300

b. 10,000

c. 100,000

d. none of these

A

Question No.15

Reynolds number flow of water at room temperature

through 2 cm diameter pipe at average velocity of 5

cm/sec is around

a. 2000

b. 10

c. 100

d. 1000

D

Question No.16

SCH 40 pipe at a rate of 1 gpm. The length of the pipe

is 10 ft. What is the maximum velocity of water in

the pipe?

a. 0.0504 fps

b. 0.0354 fps

c. 0.0454 fps

d. 0.0254 fps

CONTINUITY

EQUATION

Question No.17

in a 60 mm inside diameter pipe has an average

velocity in m/s equals to

a. 5.9

b. 1.5

c. 2.5

d. 0.6

C

Question No.18

duct with dimensions 6 inches by 12 inches?

a. 8 inches

b. 10.63 inches

c. 10 inches

d. 11.86 inches

A

Question No.19

mean velocity of 3 m/s. Find the (a) volume flow

rate (b) weight flow rate, and (c) mass flow rate.

=879 kg/m3

0.0236 m3/s,

203.17 N/s and

20.71 kg/s

Question No.20

50 kg/s. The diameters are D1 = 20 cm and D2 = 6 cm.

compute the average velocities at sections 1 and 2.

Density of water at 20 0C is 998 kg/m3.

1.59 m/s and

17.72 m/s

Question No.21

conditions at section 1: 25 0C, 1.8 bar, 15 m/s velocity,

and 50 mm inside diameter of pipe. At section 2 the

conditions are: 25 0C, 1.3 bar, and 75 mm inside

diameter of pipe. Calculate the mass flow rate of air

and the velocity at section 2.

OVER-ALL

ENERGY

BALANCE

Question No.22

400 0F?

a. 1275 BTU/lb

b. 1195.2 BTU/lb

c. 1250 BTU/lb

d. 1220 BTU/lb

Question No.23

negligible initial velocity to a final velocity of 325

m/s. What is the temperature drop of the air if air is

assumed to be ideal gas for which Cp = 7/2 R?

Question No.24

600 0F and 200 psia (H = 1322.1 BTU/lb). The inlet

velocity is 80 fps and leaves as saturated vapor at 5

psia and velocity = 300 fps. The power developed by

the turbine is 200 hp. Heat loss to the surroundings

is 50000 BTU/hr. What is the mass flowrate of

steam in kg/s?

Question No.25

A small steam turbine delivers 100 hp at the turbine shaft

when the steam flows is 3600 lb/hr. The steam enters the

turbine at 150 psia and 440 0F with a velocity of 100 ft/s.

Steam leaves the turbine as wet steam 2 in Hg abs with a

quality of 92% and at a velocity of 300 ft/s. Calculate the

heat loss from the turbine in kW.

Question No.26

Air is flowing at a steady rate of 0.0232 lb/s through a

straight line having an inside diameter of 0.902 in. At the

first section the air has a temperature of 0.902 0F and is

under an absolute pressure of 0.2 atm. The tube is heated,

and the net input of power, between the first and second

section, is 174 watts. The air at the second section is under

an absolute pressure of 0.1 atm. The average specific heat

of the air is 0.24 BTU/lb-0F. Calculate the temperature of

the air leaving the second section.

MECHANICAL

ENERGY

BALANCE

Question No.27

a. Potential flow is a flow of compressible fluids

with no shear.

b. Boundary layers are formed when moving fluid is

influenced by solid boundaries.

c. There are 8 schedule numbers in use for standard

pipes.

d. Roughness has no appreciable effect on the

friction factor when flow is laminar.

C

Question No.28

contractors are commonly regarded as proportional

to

a. pressure drop

b. velocity head

c. static head

d. potential head

B

Question No.29

fluid has to be transferred is the

a. potential head

b. velocity head

c. pressure head

d. dynamic head

A

Question No.30

this liquid is heated to a temperature at which is

viscosity decreases to 1/2 its original value, what

will be the effect of pressure drop in the pipe?

a. the pressure drop increases by 50 %

b. the pressure drop increase by 100 %

c. the pressure drop decreases by 50 %

d. the pressure drop decreases by 100 %

C

Question No.31

a. the pressure drop is proportional to the first

power of the velocity.

b. the pressure drop is proportional to the square of

the velocity.

c. the pressure drop is inversely proportional to the

velocity.

d. the pressure drop is not affected by the velocity.

A

Question No.32

is doubled, the pressure loss due to friction per unit

length of pipe for the same volumetric flow rate is

changed by approximately a factor of

a. 1/8

b. 1/32

c. 1/16

d. 1/64

Question No.33

of ___ when the velocity of the flowing fluid is

doubled.

a. 1/2

b. 2

c. 1

d. 4

Question No.34

diameter smooth pipe. If the Reynolds number is 3.5

x104, the pressure drop in psi per foot length of pipe

is

a. 1.17

b. 0.017

c. 0.17

d. 0.0017

Question No.35

used in the absorption tower is pump continuously

from the bottom of the lye storage tank through a

standard 4 in pipe and then through the spray head

at the top of the scrubber. The depth of solution in

the tank is 5 ft and the vertical distance from the

bottom of the tank to the spray head is 105 ft. In a

test on this equipment the following data were

obtained; Rate of flow = 200 gpm, Specific gravity =

1.10; Friction drop from tank to spray head = 15 ft-

lb/lb; Gage pressure on spray head =5 psi; Power

input to the pump= 15 hp. Calculate the efficiency of

the pump.

Question No.36

inches is to be designed to carry 48 bbl of oil per 24

hr day from a mid-continent field to a refinery

located 578 miles from the source. The difference in

elevation of the two ends of the line is negligible.

Calculate the horsepower theoretically required to

overcome friction in the pipeline. Since the

maximum allowable pressure in any section of the

line is 650 lb/in2, it will be necessary to insert

additional pumping stations at suitable intervals

along the pipeline. What is the smallest number of

pumping stations required? At the average

temperature involved, the oil has an absolute

viscosity of 50 cP and a specific gravity of 0.87.

Question No.37

pumping it up to a standpipe on the highest hill. The

intake to the system is 10 ft below the lake surface,

the inlet to the pump is 15 deep above the lake

surface, and the water level in the tower is kept

constant 310 ft above the pump discharge. The

friction loss is 140 ft-lb/lb of water through the 6000

feet of 4-inch pipe line which includes the total

equivalent length of all piping from the lake to the

water tower. If the pump capacity is 6000 gph and

the water pump set is 85% efficient, what would be

the hourly pumping cost if electric power is 1 cent

per kilowatt-hour?

COMPRESSIBLE

FLUIDS

Question No.

rate through a steel main having an inside diameter

of 12 inches. The absolute pressure drops from 40 to

20 atm, in a length of 500 miles of substantially

horizontal pipe, the gas has an average molecular

weight of 17.3 and a viscosity of 0.011 cP. Calculate

the hourly rate of flow expressed as ft3measured at

600F and normal barometric pressure.

PUMPS AND

COMPRESSOR

Question No.

of 40 ft. The efficiency of the pump is 65 %. What is

its BHP?

a. 0.62

b. 2.00

c. 0.70

d. 5.50

0.62

Question No.

greater than the vapor pressure of the liquid being

pumped, some of the liquid may be flash inside the

pump. This phenomenon is called

a. flash vaporization

b. condensation

c. cavitation

d. evaporation

C

Question No.

viscous fluids.

a. centrifugal pumps

b. piston pumps

c. gear pumps

d. diaphragm pumps

C

Question No.

directly proportional to the

a. square of the impeller speed

b. square root of the impeller speed

c. volumetric flowrate

d. cube of the volumetric flowrate

B

Question No.

head requires 10 hp. What will be its capacity if its

speed is increased to 1750 RPM?

760 GPM

Question No.

compress 100 cfm of carbon dioxide at -60 0F and 1

atm to 10 atm in a single stage adiabatic

compressor. Use Cp/Cv = 1.3

Question No.

Water is supplied to the tank through a booster

pump installed in the water line. The theoretical

pump horsepower required is 3.25 hp. What is the

monthly operating cost of the pump, if electrical

power cost on the average is P 3.73/kWh? The pump

is 65% efficient and operates for 12 hours a day.

a. P 3300

b. P 5000

c. P 7000

d. none of these

B

METERING OF

FLUIDS

Question No.

of liquids and gases at low flowrates?

a. Check valve

b. Needle Valve

c. Ball valve

d. Globe valve

C

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