You are on page 1of 51

The ENVIRONMENTentrusted to us

The earth is beautiful and


interesting with its landscape
and seascape
Today. Our Environment

we no longer enjoy a nature


of hills and seas..
This is the air we breathe!
BASURA!
OUT OF SIGHT
AND OUT OF MIND?
ALAM BA NINYO KUNG SAAN
TINATAPON ANG INYONG BASURA?
SEA OF GARBAGE!
FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE
TO THE SOLID
WASTE PROBLEM

POPULATION SOLID WASTE RAPID


GROWTH RATES URBANIZATION

BAWAL MAGTAPON
NG BASURA DITO!

CHANGING LIFESTYLES
PUBLIC lack of concern AND CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
OLD SYSTEM OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL

TAPON HAKOT

TAMBAK
The PAYATAS TRAGEDY
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF IMPROPER
SOLID WASTE HANDLING AND DISPOSAL

DEPLETION OF OZONE LAYER


TO GLOBAL WARMING

Methane CO 2
BURNING

WATER
POLLUTION
LAND POLLUTION Improper Waste Management FLOODING
AND and Disposal
REDUCED LAND VALUE

LEACHATE CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDWATERS


Malnourishment

Cholera

Typhoid fever Dengue

Lung Cancer
GLOBAL WARMING caused by entrapment of
heat by greenhouse gases lodged in the atmosphere
Republic Act 9003 - Ecological
Solid Waste Management Act
of 2000

Passed into law January 2001


1st law signed by President GMA
IRR published in December 2001,
DENR - DAO 2001-34
Law is already 16 years old
Ecological Solid Waste Management

Systematic administration of activities that


provide for segregation at source, segregated
transport, storage, transfer, processing, treatment
and disposal of solid waste and all other waste
management activities that do not harm the
environment.
SALIENT POINTS OF REPUBLIC ACT 9003
to use again especially in a different way or
after reclaiming or reprocessing.

to change (waste) materials


into new products to prevent
waste of potentially useful
materials.

to make or become smaller in


size, number, extent, degree,
intensity.
WHAT IS A MATERIAL RECOVERY
FACILITY?

includes a solid waste transfer


station or sorting station, drop-off
center, a
composting facility, and a recycling
facility
Section 10 - 12:
Role of LGUs in SWM

segregation and collection of SW


shall be conducted at the
barangay level, specifically,
biodegradable, compostable and
reusable wastes

provided that the collection of


recyclable materials and special
wastes shall be the
responsibility of the
municipality or the city
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES
OF LGU SWM BOARDS

develop local SWM Plan


adopt measures to promote and ensure the viability
and effective implementation of SWM programs in its
barangays
monitor implementation of LGU plan
adopt specific revenue generating measures
recommend measures and safeguards against
pollution and preservation of natural ecosystem
coordinate efforts of its component barangays
Ensure proper segregation, collection, transport, storage,
treatment and disposal of solid waste
Encourage greater private sector participation in SWM
Retain primary enforcement and responsibility of SWM
with LGUs while establishing cooperative effort among
the national government, other LGUs, NGOs and the
private sector
Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among waste
generators through the application of market-based
instruments
Section 22. - Requirements for
the Segregation and Storage of
Solid Waste

Separate container for each type of


waste from all source. Containers
depending on its use shall be
properly marked or identified for on-
site collections as:

compostable
Non-recyclable
recyclable
special waste
Section 23 - 25.
Collection and Transport of Solid Waste and Guidelines for
Transfer Stations - The use of separate collection schedules and/or
separate trucks or haulers shall be required for specific types of
wastes. Otherwise, vehicles used for the collection and transport of
solid wastes shall have the appropriate compartments to facilitate
efficient storing of sorted wastes while in transit.
Section 48-49: Prohibited Acts

VIOLATION FINES/PENALTIES

Littering, throwing and dumping P 300 P 1,000


of waste matters in public Or
places and water bodies Community Service
between 1-15 days

Open burning of solid waste P 300 P 1,000


Or
Imprisonment of 1-15
days
VIOLATION FINES/PENALTIES

Collection and transport of


non-segregated or unsorted waste

Squatting in open dumpsite


and landfills
P 1,000 P 3,000
Or
Open dumping, burying of Imprisonment of
biodegradable & non-biodegradable 15 days to 6 months
materials in flood prone areas

Unauthorized removal of recyclable


materials for collection by
authorized persons
Nabubulok (Compostable)
Nareresiklo (Recyclable)

Latak (Residuals)

Delikado/nakakalason
Infectious/Special/Hazard
ous)
Mga tirang pagkain.
Mga hasang ng isda, itlog at tira-tirang
buto.
Mga pinag-balatan ng gulay at prutas.
Mga dahon, pinutol na sanga ng kahoy
at damo.
Mga dumi ng hayop o patay na hayop.
Mga napkins at diapers (na tinggalan na
ng plastic liner)
Lahat ng lata at bakal
Lahat ng klasi ng bote (glass) kahit mga
basag
Mga piling klasi ng plastic (hard plastic
tulad ng PET bottles, lalagyan ng ketchup
at iba pa, upuan, balde at iba pa..
Mga tuyong papel at karton.
Mga sando bags at plastic shopping bags.
Mga sachet ng shampoo, tootpaste, toyo,
suka, atpb.
Mga plastic wrapper at food wrappers.
Mga balat ng kendi, biskwit at chichiria.
Straw sa pag inom ng juice o softdrinks.
Tetra pack at lalagyan ng ibang
lalagayang inumin.
Segregation at Source
Segregated Collection
Establishment of Materials
Recovery Facility
Operation of /Conversion to a
Sanitary Landfill
INSTEAD OF BEING THROWN AWAY, A BIG PART
OF WASTE CAN BE REUSED & RECYCLED.

CANS

PAPER
PLASTIC

BOTTLES METAL
The 3 Rs of SWM
Avoid or
REDUCE minimize waste

REUSE
Maximize use of
materials
RECYCLE
Recover and sell
recyclables to factories
REDUCE!
CARRY A BASKET OR AVOID
BAG WHEN SHOPPING DISPOSABLES

AVOID TOO MANY


PACKAGING
SCHOOL BOUND

CARRY OWN GLASS


IN SCHOOL OR OFFICE
RE-USE! USE 2 SIDES
DONATE OLD TOYS AND CLOTHES
OF PAPER
BOOKS AND MAGAZINE

USE EMPTY BOTTLES USE OLD TIRES


AND CANS AS VASES AS FLOWER
AND DECORS POTS
RECYCLE!
GIVE OR SELL TO JUNKSHOPS OR
FACTORIES RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

EXTRA INCOME
THE WASTE THAT ROTS, LIKE FOOD
AND GARDEN WASTE, CAN BE
TURNED INTO FERTILIZER.

NATURE IS GOOD AT
RECYCLING.
compost

Organic
fertilizer
Water Scrap cloth Abundant Indigenous
hyacinth in materials grass lands tree species
creeks and available
rivers

Production and Production and Training on Production and


marketing of marketing of broom marketing of
assorted items rugs, mats and making indigenous tree
from water pot holders (scheduled) species
hyacinth; using scrap seedlings
Bags made of Woven
FLOWERS reused juice
FROM USED Paper
packs Bags
TELEPHONE
DIRECTORIES
Butterflies and Flowers made Paper Chokers,
Angels made out of used Necklaces, and
of nylon stocking plastic cups Bracelets
LIVELIHOOD AND ENTREPRENEURIAL
OPPORTUNITIES
ALTERNATIVE
TECHNOLOGY
FOR RESIDUAL
WASTE

Residual
waste
Pulverizer
ALTERNATIVE
TECHNOLOGY
STYROPOR RECYCLING

Synthetic
Planks
PRODUCT LINES
DOY PACKS RECYCLING

SORTING
BUYING/RECEIVING

CLEANING
DRYING
Ang basurang itinapon
babalik sa iyo!
Unintended victim of garbage
Unintended victim of garbage
Waste no more . . . .

Waste no time!

THANK YOU!