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Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad

Department of Electrical Engineering

Presentation on
Inductive Power Transfer

Prof. Sukanya Jadhav
M.R.Bachawad (ME16F12F012)
M. E. (EPS)
IPT Power supplies
Functions of an IPT
IPT equations
Inductive power transfer
What is Inductive Power Transfer
The Basic principle
IPT finds application in factory
automation, for lighting applications, for
instrumentation and electronic systems.
IPT is also used for powering electric
These are hands-free charging systems
that are unaffected by dirt, chemicals, or
the weather
Can be extended to dynamic charging systems
where a vehicle may be charged while it is in
motion on an instrumented lane along the road.
Such systems offer convenience and reliability
and surprisingly may well be the lowest cost of
all private transportation options including
conventional vehicles.
But in achieving these features there are some
significant difficulties that must be overcome.
At the present time, IPT power supplies typically
operate from a three-phase utility to produce a current in
the track at the desired frequency.
This track current is commonly a constant current so that
all pickups on the track have the same magnetic
The track frequency may typically be anywhere in the
range 5140 kHz, although in lower power levels even
higher frequencies may be used.
The power supply either operates at a fixed frequency or
a variable frequency.
Functions of an IPT System

Fig: General arrangement for an IPT system.

A power supply takes power from a utility and
energizes a primary loop or track to which pickup
coils may be magnetically attached.
In its most basic form, an IPT pickup consists of a
coil of wire in close proximity to the track wires
positioned to capture magnetic flux around the
track conductor.
A voltage is induced in this coil as described by
Amperes and Faradays laws.
Conceptually, this is very similar to a
transformer, though with a much lower magnetic
The Basic IPT Equation
The performance of an IPT pickup is primarily determined
from two parameter:
the open circuit voltage induced in the pickup coil at
frequency ()due to the primary track current(I1),
Voc= jMI1
And its short circuit current Isc= MI1/L2
Where M is mutual inductance between the track and
pick up coil
And L2 is the pickup coil inductance.
The product of these two parameters
results in the uncompensated VA of the
pickup Su
So the equation for IPT is
Without compensation, the maximum
power that can be drawn from a pickup is
In order to improve the available power, the
pickup inductor is compensated with
Normally, the compensation capacitor C2 is
applied either directly in series or in parallel,
although parallel tuned pickups are more
common due to their inherent current
limiting capabilities
The output power equation after tuning becomes,

Where Q is the tuned quality factor, which is

determined by the output load or controller by
controlling the output voltage/current
Primary coil of a Monorail
Energy has been coupled from a primary to a secondary
across an air gap of significant but small proportions
that stays relatively constant, even in the presence of
The primary coil on a monorail has the form of an
elongated loop that is loosely coupled to a pickup coil
on a vehicle and may transfer 110 kW of power across
a 410-mm gap.
With an Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGV), the air gap
may be 1020 mm, and there may be a possible
misalignment of similar magnitude (1020 mm).
Now a days, efforts are taken for improvement of
tolerance to misalignment
Car Charging
Concept of Wireless Charging
Factory Automation Material handling
Tunnel Lighting
In conclusion, it is clear that inductive
coupling power transmission would be
extremely beneficial to society if it were
implemented in homes and home
It is also highly beneficial to industries
and conventional transportation.
Huge changes can be done after research
in this field
Inductive Power Transfer By Grant A.
Covic, Senior member IEEE, and John T.
Inductive Power Transfer, Powering our
future By Grant A. Covic