DNA ±based semiconductor devices

Presented by Mohammad Honarparvar Msc. Student of Sahand University of Technology

23 August 2010

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STEP BY STEP

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OUTLINE 
Introduction to nanotechnology
applications in scientific domain applications in human life breakdown of nanotechnology in practical domain construction methodologies in nanoscale tools for nanotechnology dimensions of material in nanoscale significant material in nanoelectronics 

Nanoelectronics DNA-electronics
electrical properties

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WHO WAS STARTER OF NANOTECHNOLOGY?
Rechard Feynman U.S. physicist , Specialist of quantum theory, and winner of nobel prize (1965)

He started his lecture with this sentence:

´there are more space undrerneathµ
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APPLICATIONS IN SCIENTIFIC DOMAIN
Nano computation Nano electronics

Nano science

Nano technology

Nano material

Nano biotechnology

Nano physics
Nano chemistry

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APPLICATIONS IN HUMAN LIFE
Surgery and medicine

Metals

Loom

Energy

Electronic warfare

electronic
devices

Agriculture

ceramics

Nano technology

etc.

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BREAKDOWN OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN PRACTICAL DOMAIN 

Wet nanotechnology Dry nanotechnology Computation nanotechnology  

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WHAT DOSE WET NANOTHECNOLOGY DISCUSS ABOUT? 
   

Biological systems Cell curtain Cell combinations Genetic systems etc.

for instance: Molecular motors that be able to Inject drug to the cell
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DRY NANOTECHNOLOGY
COMBINATION OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY

Focus on the
Carbon-based constructions Silicon -based constructions

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Wet nanotech.

e icon ctors, electronic, agnetic , an o tical evices
Dry nanotech.

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COMPUTATION NANOTECHNOLOGY
Modeling Investigating face of complex constructions Predicting of material behavior in nano scale 

 

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METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION 

Up to down approach micro(nano)machining disadvantage: Losses of material, Impurity in mat. Disarray in mat. 

Down to up approach

Self ±assembling Use in dna-electronics

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NANO TECHNOLOGY

WILL DIE
TOOLS!

WITHOUT THESE

Measurement Tools 

    

Scanning Probe Microscope(SPM) Scanning Tunneling Microscope(STM) Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM) Transmission Electron Microscope(TEM) Scanning Near-Field Optic Microscope Atomic Force Microscope(AFM)
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WE
IDER REE DE Contact mode

E

I.

II.

No contact mode

III.

Tapping mode

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DIMENSIONS OF MATERIAL IN NANOSCALE
CATEGORIZED BY:
o

Zero dimensional One dimensional Two dimensional Three dimesional

o

o

o

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SIGNIFICANT MATERIAL IN NANOELECTRONICS
important material

Carbon

DeoxyriboNucleic Acid(DNA)

Diamond

Graphite

Bucky ball

Carbon Nano Tube (CNT)
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DIAMOND & GRAPHITE

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BUCKYBALL

Saving Ni or H for producing electricity Arranging for using in circuitry application etc.

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Richard Buckminster fuller

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CARBON NANO TUBE(CNT)
WHAT IS CNT? HOW DOES FORM?

CNT can make by rolling graphite

Trisect :

Armchair Zig-zag Chiral

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HOW IS ROLLING?

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CNT PROPERTIES
Small size(diameter smaller than 0.4 nm Conductive or semi conductive Supper conductive(under15 deg-k.) Ballistic electron transfer Producing voltage(use as sensor) etc.

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APPLICATIONS OF CNT IN NANOELECTRONICS More important usage is in the Field Effect Transistor by CNT channel

wow
Size Speed(T. Hz)
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INTRODUCTION TO NANOELECTRONICS
In elec. devices we interested that: 

Small size  High speed  High accuracy  Low power dissipations

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MOORE¶S LOW
In every eighteen month , size of the transistor should be half !!!!!!!!!!
Existing method Limitations Tunneling

What should we do?
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Statistical motion of electrons and atoms

Limitation in miniature

solutions

Single electron devices

Nanotube blocks

Spintronic circuit

DNA-based devices

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DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
What ?????
It is not a strange material

((DNA ))

A macro molecule that can be able to carry genetic information

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Adenine

Adenine
Guanine 0.34 ² 0.36 nm

Thymine Guanine
Thymine

Cytosine
Cytosine

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Selfassembling

Conductivity

Nano wire

DNA
Magnetic properties Electrical properties

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RESEARCHING SUBJECTS IN NANOELECTRONICS 

self-assembling
Use as memory 

electrical properties of DNA

(Conductivity)
Conductor Superconductor Semiconductor insulator CIRCUITE NANOWIRE MOSFETS INSULATTING MICROELECTRONIC 

Magnetically properties of DNA

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FOCUS ON THE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
Experimental Results: Conductor
(Fink and Schoenenberger 1999 ; Cai et al. 2000 ; Tran et al. 2000 ; Rakitin et al. 2001 ; Yoo et al. 2001)

Induced superconductor
(Kasumov et al. 2001)

Semiconductor like behavior
(Porath et al. 2000)

Insulator
(Dunlap et al. 1993; Braun et al. 1998; de Pablo et al. 2000 ; Storm et al., 2001; Zhang et al. 2002)

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DISPARITY AMONGST THE RESULTS
Length of the DNA strand
Probability to have conformational defects along the strand

Sequence
Ionization potential G<A<C<T

Contact between the DNA and the electrodes
Charge injection / electron transmission through a Potential barrier.

Interaction between the DNA and the surface Deformation of the conduction channel.
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AN ATTRACTIVE

EXPERIMENT

Using photo electron
Complexes Ruthenium streams photo in the absence of acceptor

BUT
in the presence of acceptor, we observe decreasing photo

Complexes Ruthenium
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MANNER OF ELECTRON TRANSMISSION IN DNA
Charge transmission along the DNA fulfill between

G-C

Increasing Distance between Base pair

decreasing charge transmission along DNA

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ESSENTIAL PROCEDURES OF CHARGE TRANSMISSION IN PHYSICAL PROSPECT 
  

Ballistic Thermal hopping Sequential tunneling Coherent and incoherent tunneling

A: thermal hopping B: sequential tunneling C: coherent tunneling

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Systematic researches on the DNA with deferent base pair state that charges transmission between one G-C to another G-C do by coherent tunneling trough A-T base pair

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FABRICATION OF NANO WIRE USING DNA
Molecular lithography 
converting to conductor  Ion metallization (Ag--Au--Pd--Pt)

Investigating with AFM 
Derivation of characteristics

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FABRICATION OF NANO WIRE USING DNA MOLECULAR LITHOGRAPHY The process of DNA metallization by metal ions
Ions that be used: Ag - Au - Pd - Pt

DNA molecule

Molecular lithography process

Nano wire

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FABRICATION OF NANO WIRE USING DNA INVESTIGATING WITH AFM
Measurement system of electrical properties

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EXPERIMENT PROCEDURE 
Sample preparation  Substrate preparation 

Dropping of DNA droplet on the substrate  AFM

In continue
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AFM TOPOGRAPHY

SEM

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DERIVATION OF CHARACTERISTICS

DNA I-V characteristic

Vth
Diode I-V characteristic

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CONCLUSION
o o o o Self assembly properties Conductivity of DNA Doping of DNA «

Cause DNA becomes a candidate for today electronic devices like as sensor ,nanowire and etc.

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REFERENCES
[1] Young Sun and Ching-Hwa Kiang, ´DNA-based Artificial Nanostructures:Fabrication, Properties, and Applicationsµ , ´Handbook of Nanostructured Biomaterials and Their Applications in Nanobiotechnology,µ Vol. 2 (ISBN: 1-58883-033-0), edited by Nalwa , American Scientific Publishers (2005), pp 224-246. [2] Csaki, A., G. Maubach, D. Born, W. Fritzsche ,µ DNA-Based Construction For Nanoelectronicsµ, LITHO 2004 13-16 June , 2004 Agelonde-France [3] Claude Nogues , Sidney Cohen, Shirley Daube and Ron Naaman,µ Electrical properties of DNA characterized by conducting-atomic force microscopy.µ [4] J. S. Hwang, S. H. Hong , H. K. Kim, Y. W. Kwon , J. I. Jin, S. W. Hwang and D. Ahn,µ Electrical Transport Properties of Au-Doped DNA Moleculeµ Extended Abstracts of the 2004 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials, Tokyo, 2004,- 332 pp. 332-333 [5] Hezy Cohen, Claude Nogues Daniela Ullien, Tomer Sapir, Errez Shapir, Nataly Borovok, Tatiana Mototsky, Ron Naaman, Rosa Di Felice, Juyeon Yi, Alexander Kotlyar, and Danny Porath,µ Towards DNA- and Protein-Based Nanoelectronicsµ, XVII Symposium on Condensed Matter Physics - SFKM 2007, Vr ac - Serbia

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REFERNCES
[6] Takahiko K. SASAKI, Asato IKEGAMI, Michika MOCHIZUKI, Nobuyuki AOKI and Yuichi OCHIAI,µ Transport Properties of DNA Molecules by Using Nano-Electrodes Based on Carbon Nanotubeµ Proc. 2nd Quantum Transport Nano-Hana International Workshop IPAP Conf. Series 5 pp.97-100

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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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QUESTION

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