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EAS254 (3) SLOPE DEFLECTION METHOD

SEMESTER II 2016/2017
Part 2 - Examples

ext : 6219
cefmn@usm.my

School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia

EXAMPLE 1
1. Find bending moments at A, B, C and draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam
shown in Figure by using slope deflection method. Assumed the value of EI is constant.

B 36kN
18kN/m
A C

8m 2m 2m
Solution :

Compute fixed end moments

WL2 18 x 8 x 8 PL 36 x 4
(FEM )AB : 96kNm (FEM )BC : 18kNm
12 12 8 8

WL2 18 x 8 x 8 PL 36 x 4
18kNm
(FEM )BA : 96kNm (FEM )CB :
12 12 8 8

As A and C are fixed A = 0 C = 0

EXAMPLE 1
2EI 3
The slope deflection equations are as follow : M AB (2 A B ) (FEM )AB
L L

2EI 2EI
M AB [B ] 96 MBC [2B ] 18
8 4
2EI 2EI
MBA [2B ] 96 MBC [B ] 18
8 4

The equilibrium equations at support B,

MBA MBC 0;

2EI 2EI
[2B ] 96 [2B ] 18 0
8 4

B
EI EIB 78
2
2 52
B 78 x
3 EI
EXAMPLE 1
2 52
B 78 x
3 EI
Substitute into the slope deflection equations and calculate member end moments.

2EI 52
M AB [ ] 96 109kNm
8 EI

2EI 52
MBA [2 ] 96 70kNm
8 EI

2EI 52
MBC [2 ] 18 70kNm
4 EI

2EI 52
MBC [ ] 18 8kNm
4 EI
EXAMPLE 1
Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams

Span AB
109kNm 18kN/m 70kNm
A B

VA 8m VB

MB 0; 70 109 18 x 8 x 4 VA (8) 0

VA 76.875kN

VB 67.125kN
EXAMPLE 1
Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams

Span BC 36kN
B C
70kNm 8kNm
2m 2m
VB VC

3.75kN 1.5kN

MC 0; 70 36(4) 8 VA (4) 0

VB 37.5kN

VC 1.5kN
EXAMPLE 1
Final Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams

76.875kN
37.5kN
1.5kN

4.27m 2m 2m
A
67.125kN C
B

8kNm
55.16kNm 5kNm
A B
4.27 C

-109kNm 70kNm
EXAMPLE 2
2. Find bending moments at A, B, C and draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam
shown in Figure by using slope deflection method. Assumed the value of EI is constant. Note
that the support C is simply supported.

18kN/m 36kN
A B
C
A = 0 MCB = 0

8m 2m 2m
Solution :

Compute fixed end moments

WL2 18 x 8 x 8 WL2 18 x 8 x 8
(FEM )AB : 96kNm (FEM )BA : 96kNm
12 12 12 12

Compute fixed end moments

3
(FEM )BC x 36 x 4 27kNm
16
EXAMPLE 2
Slope deflection equation :

2EI
M AB B 96
8
2EI
MBA 2B 96
8
3EI 3EI
MBC B (FEM )BC B 27
4 4
The equilibrium equations at support B Subs into slope deflection eqns and cal
member end moments
MBA MBC 0
2EI 55.2
2EI 3EI M AB EI 96 109.8kNm
2B 96 B 27 0 8
8 4
EI 55.2
MBA 96 68.4kNm
5 2 EI
EI B 69 0
4 3EI 55.2
MBC 27 68.4kNm
69 4 55.2 4 EI
B x MCB 0
EI 5 EI
EXAMPLE 2
Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams:

Span AB
18kN/m
A B
109.8kNm 68.4kNm

VA 8m VB
77.175kN 66.825kN

MB 0; 68.4 109.8 18 x 8 x 4 VA (8) 0

VA 77.175kN

VB 66.825kN
EXAMPLE 2
Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams

Span BC 36kN
B C
68.4kNm
2m 2m
VB VC

35.1kN 0.9kN

MC 0; 68.4 36(2) 8 VB (4) 0

VB 35.1kN

VC 0.9kN
EXAMPLE 2
Final Shear Force & Bending Moment Diagrams

77.175kN
35.1kN

C
4.2875m
68.825kN 0.9kN
A B 2m 2m

A 55.64kNm B 1.8kNmm
C
-109.8kN
68.4kNm
EXAMPLE 3
3. For the same beam in previous example, if the support B settles by 80mm, calculate the
shear force and bending moment for the continuous beam shown in following figure. Assumed
the value of E = 200000 N/mm, I = 12 x 106 mm4. Analyse the beam using slope deflection
method.
36kN
18kN/m
A B
C
= 80mm

8m 2m 2m
Solution :
For the support settlements, determine the rotations of the chords of the member adjacent to
the support B that settle by 80mm.

80 80
For AB 0.01 For BC 0.02
L 8000 L 4000
EXAMPLE 3
Compute fixed end moments

WL2 18 x 8 x 8 WL2 18 x 8 x 8
(FEM )AB : 96kNm (FEM )BA : 96kNm
12 12 12 12

Compute fixed end moments

3
(FEM )BC x 36 x 4 27kNm
16

Slope deflection equation :

2EI
M AB B 3(0.01) 96 --------------------------(1)
8
2EI
MBA 2B 3(0.01) 96 --------------------------(2)
8
3EI
MBC B 0.02 27 --------------------------(3)
4
EXAMPLE 3
The equilibrium equations at support B
MBA MBC 0
EI 3EI
2B 3(0.01) 96 [B 0.02] 27 0
4 4
EI 3EI
2B 3(0.01) [B 0.02] 69 0 --------------------------(4)
4 4
EI 200000(12 x10 )Nmm 2
6

200000(12 x10 6 )
EI 6
Nm 2 24 x105 Nm 2
10

Keep all units in Nm for convenience. Subs EI in eq (4)

Give B 0.029 radian Subs into eqns (1), (2) and (3).

M AB 131.4kNm
MBA 43.2kNm
MBC 43.2kNm
MCB 0