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# III.

## FUZZY LOGIC Lecture 3

OBJECTIVES
1. To define the basic notions of fuzzy logic
2. To introduce the logical operations and relations on fuzzy
sets
3. To learn how to obtain results of fuzzy logical operations
4. To apply what we learn to GIS

## III. FUZZY LOGIC: Math Clinic Fall

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OUTLINE
III. FUZZY LOGIC

A. Introduction
B. Inputs to fuzzy logic systems - fuzzification
C. Fuzzy propositions
D. Fuzzy hedges
E. Computing the results of a fuzzy proposition given an
input
F. The resulting action

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A. Introduction (figure from Earl Cox)

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Introduction

## Steps (Earl Cox based on previous slide):

1. Input vocabulary, fuzzification (creating fuzzy sets)
2. Fuzzy propositions IF X is Y THEN Z (or Z is A) there
are four types of propositions
3. Hedges very, extremely, somewhat, more, less
4. Combination and evaluation computation of the results
given the inputs
5. Action - defuzzification

## III. FUZZY LOGIC: Math Clinic Fall

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Input vocabulary, fuzzification (creating a fuzzy set) by
using our previous methods of frequency, combination,
experts/surveys (figure from Earl Cox)

## III. FUZZY LOGIC: Math Clinic Fall

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Input (figure from Klir&Yuan)

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Fuzzy Propositions types 1 and 2

GENERAL FORMS
1. Unconditional and unqualified
proposition: Q is P
Example: Temperature(Q) is high(P)
Q (x) then resultx P1( ).
2. Unconditional and qualified
proposition: proposition(Q is P) is R
Example: That Coimbra and Catania are beautiful is very
true.
min{co( x),ca ( x)} , then resultx vtrue
1 ( )

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Fuzzy Proposition type 1 and 2 (from Earl Cox)

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Fuzzy Propositions type 1 and 2 (from Earl Cox)

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Fuzzy Propositions type 3

## 3. Conditional and unqualified

proposition: IF Q is P THEN R is S
Example: If Robert is tall, then clothes are large.
If car is slow, then gear is low.
Q (x) , then resultx P1( )
R (resultx) , then resultfina l S1( )

## III. FUZZY LOGIC: Math Clinic Fall

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Fuzzy Propositions type 4

## 4. Conditional and qualified

proposition: IF Q is P THEN R is S is T
{proposition(IF Q is P THEN R is S )} is T
Q (x) , then resultx P1( )
R (resultx) , then resultprop osition S1( )
resultfina l T1( )

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Fuzzy Hedges (from Earl Cox)

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Fuzzy Hedges (from Earl Cox)

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Illustrations of Fuzzy Propositions Composition/Evaluation
(from Klir&Yuan)

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Illustrations of Fuzzy Propositions Composition/Evaluation
(Earl Cox)

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Illustrations of Fuzzy Propositions Composition/Evaluation
(from Earl Cox)

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Illustrations of Fuzzy Propositions Decomposition
Defuzzification/Action (from Earl Cox)

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Defuzzification (from Earl Cox)

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Defuzzification (from Earl Cox)

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