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MAPS AND PLANS


Mohd Effendi Daud (Dr. Sc)
B.Surv (UTM, Malaysia) Msc (UTM, Malaysia), Dr.Sc, (Nagoya Univ., Japan)
(Geomatic Division)
Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA.
Phone : +6074537363; +60197853740; Fax : +6074537060
E-mail : effendi@uthm.edu.my
Web: http://www.fkass.uthm.edu.my/

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MAP
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A map is a graphical representation of a


portion of the earths surface drawn to
scale, as seen from above.
It uses colors, symbols, and label to
represent features on the ground.

Why uses Colors, Symbols, and Label?

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MAP
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A map provides information on the


existence, the location of, and the distance
between ground features, such as
populated places and routes of travel and
communication.
It also indicate variation in terrain, height
of natural features, and the extent of
vegetation cover.

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PLAN
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Plan is a graphic representation of


characteristics of topographic features,
proposed alteration to the existing
landscape (design), functional planning or
route design plan.
Most plans are drawn to a large scale.

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MAP & PLAN
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Differencing Map & Plan


The essential difference between maps and
plans is their use.
Maps as a inventory, portray the detail
(topographic, surface features, boundaries, etc.)
Map can be of a general nature. Such as
topographic maps and published by DSMM.
Scales normally ranging 1:24,000 down to
1:1,000,00 (small scale)

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MAP & PLAN
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Differencing Map & Plan


The essential difference between maps and
plans is their use.
Plans or engineering plans-mostly refer to
engineering works.
All features showing by a true scale (not like map
showing all features by symbols)
Scales normally ranging from 1:10 to 1:1,000
(large scale)

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MAP & PLAN
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Summary of map and plan scale


Metric Scale Contour Typical uses
Interval
Large Scale 1:10 0.5 m, and Detail
1:50 1m Detail
Detail, Profiles
1:100
Profiles
1:200 Municipal Design Plan,
1:500 Site Engineering
1:1000

Medium 1:2000 2m Engineering Studies and


Scale 1:5000 5m Planning (e.g., drainage
areas, route planning
1:10,000 10 m

Small Scale 1:20,000 Topographic Map,


1:25,000 Geological Map, Special
purpose maps and
1:50,000
atlases
1:100,000
1:200,000
1:500,000

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