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* INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

How International Relations have


changed in the 20th century
[Student name]
[Course Title]
* Two different perspectives
* Firstly Interaction among various states
* Second identify and explain recurrent
patterns of interaction. Predominantly in war
and after that.
* International Politics a narrower term. Also
a sub-field of IR.

*
Main events:

* World War I (1914-1918)


* The Nazi Germany
* World War II (1945-1957)
* The Cold War (1957-1972)
It can be divided into three main phases;

*
Two sides in the War
* The Allies:
Britain, France,
Russia,
Italy and USA

* The Central Powers:


Germany, Austria-Hungary
and the Turkish Empire.

*
* Massive destruction
* Modern weaponry usage
* 9 million soldiers killed
* 21 million wounded
* Several amputations
* Defeat of Central Powers

*
* Formal end of World War I
* Germany forced to sign the treaty
* The War-Guilt Clause
* Blame on Germany
* Loss of overseas colonies
* Loss of land
* Payment of 6.6 billion for reparations

*
Allies Axis

Britain Nazi Germany


France Imperial
USA Japan
USSR Fascist Italy
Italy

*
* Provoked by Germany
* The Hitlers ideology
* Mass killing of civilians
* Much more destruction than
World War I

*World War II
* Soviet American soldiers meeting
* Success celebrations
* Conflicts began
* Series of harsh comments

*The coming of Cold War


(1945-57)
* Transfer of power
* Nazi downfall
* Russia and USA both in power
* Two components of international interactions
* Countries siding with USA
* Countries siding with Russia

*
References:
Cox, M. and Campanaro, R., 2012. Introduction to international
relations: undergraduate study in economics, management,
finance and the social sciences.
Carr, E.H., 1946. The twenty years' crisis, 1919-1939: an
introduction to the study of international relations.
20th-century international relations, (2016). Encyclopdia
Britannica.
Hollis, M. and Smith, S., 1990. Explaining and understanding
international relations.
Finn, E., 2000. International Relations in a Changing World: A
New Diplomacy?. Journal of International affairs, let. V, t, 2.
Knutsen, T.L., 1999. The rise and fall of world orders.
Manchester University Press.