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Submitted to: Submitted by:

Ghanshyam Prajapat Drakshi Shrimali

Class :IX B
As a result of this lesson, the student will be able to:
Locate India on a world map
Identify Indias flag
Explain why the Taj Mahal was built
Compare several Indian customs to American customs
Given a selection of animals, choose those native to India
Express himself/herself through Indian art
To find India on a world map:
1. Locate Asia.
On this map,
2. India is a large country in southern Asia.
what color is
3. India has a long tale that sticks out into
the Indian Ocean. ORANGE
Republic of

Location: South Asia
Capital of India: New Delhi
Official Language: Hindi
Currency: Rupee
(34 rupees = 1 dollar)
How many rupees would I have
if I had 4 dollars?
India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separated
from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains.
Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of the
continent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of India
is the Indian Ocean.
India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has
deserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.
The major rivers are the Indus River and the Ganges
River. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay,
and Bangalore.
India has half as many states as the U.S. has. How many states are in India?
Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leather
Imports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicals
Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices

What are imports and exports?

Do we grow the same crops in Ohio?
Which of these goods do we use in Ohio?
The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is
white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue
wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
December to March ~~~~ Cold
April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)
June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
October to November ~~~ less rain

Monsoons are huge rain storms that come
in from the Indian Ocean. They bring
enough rain to supply water for the whole
year. These storms have strong winds.
They can flood and destroy farms and
houses. Some have even killed people.
Are there storms like these in the United
Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul
emperors. Then the empire fell
apart into smaller kingdoms, ruled
by maharajas.
By the 1600s, Europeans had come
into India to trade for Indian spices,
silks, cotton cloth, and tea.
In 1857, the British took control of
India and ruled there until 1947.
One very important man, Mohandas
Gandhi helped India gain
Gandhi practiced civil disobedience.
That means that he would not do
what the British wanted, but he was
never violent.
At about the same time
the pilgrims were landing
at Plymouth Rock, the
Taj Mahal was built.
That was almost 400
years ago.
It took over ten years to
build. More than twenty
thousand people and one
thousand elephants
helped build it.
. . .but why was it built?
Any ideas?
The Taj Mahal is in Agra
near the capital of India.
What is the capital of
Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeply
loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when she was giving
birth to their fourteenth child.
The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massive
tomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried together
inside the Taj Mahal.
Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finest
marble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.
The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
It is also a great tribute to love.
Make up your own legend explaining why someone
would have a building like the Taj Mahal
In India, the popular sport is cricket.
The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, a
bowler, and fielders.
The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeper
stands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a bat
and runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicket
keeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get the
batsman out.

What sport or sports does this

sound like?
What are the similarities
between this game and games we
play here?
The Hindu New Year falls in
October or November of
each year.
It is called Diwali, the
Festival of Lights.
For Diwali, people get
dressed up in new clothes,
send cards to friends and
family, and give out presents.
Since it is the Festival of
Lights, fireworks light up the
What American Holidays are
celebrated like Diwali?
What building is in the picture?
What kinds of animals do you think you
would find in India?
Below is a list of animals that can be
found in India:

Lions Deer
Bears Rhinoceroses
Snakes Elephants
Camels Monkeys
Tigers (National animal)
Peacocks (National bird)
Did any surprise you?
Can you think of anything that we have in the U.S. that came from India?
Meditation exercises; you can take these classes at the YMCA
Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers
Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces
Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India
This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number
when added onto the end of a number
A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses
You may or may not know these other Indian words. In
your groups, discuss what you think these words mean. If
you dont know what they are, look them up! Each group
will explain to the class the meaning of one of these words,
so make sure you know what they all mean!

Jungle Guru
Thug Nirvana
Bungalow Karma
Veranda Bazaar
(Banana and Orange Shake):
2 teaspoons sugar 2 large bananas, peeled
teaspoon salt and sliced
2 small containers 2 large oranges, peeled
of plain yogurt and segmented
Mix the sugar, salt, and yogurt together.
Add the bananas and oranges, and stir until
everything is well mixed. Serve chilled.
Recipe from India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarelli
Which of the following animals can be found in India?
Answers will follow.

India has tigers, lions, elephants, and rhinoceroses.

Where would you find a dolphin, penguin, panda bear, and kangaroo?
Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to tag.
There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play.
1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite sides
of the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a player to run to
the other teams side.
2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the other
teams players without taking another breath. The runner has to keep
saying kabaddi-kabaddi so he/she cant take another breath.
3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged try to
catch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side.
4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without taking a
breath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back without
taking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out.
5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most players
left wins.
Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating walls and courtyards with
designs. Indian women make a paste out of flour and color it with crushed
flowers and spices. They often compete to make the best designs.
We will make Rangoli designs using paint and
mural paper.
1. Each group will start with a basic design
made of shapes.
2. You will keep using that design to make a
bigger design to fill your mural paper.
3. You may use any colors available and any
design made of shapes. There are patterns
of triangles, circles, rectangles, squares
that you may trace if you want.
4. Make sure everyone in your group takes
part in the mural in some way.
5. We will display the murals in the room.
Countries of the World: India by Sunandini Arora Lal
Lots of detailed information, Indian glossary, and nice color photos

Count Your Way through India by Jim Haskins Learn

the Hindi numbers from 1 to 10, useful info on India

India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarell

Colorful photos and detailed information

I is for India by Prodeepta Das

Beautiful photographs and interesting information

The Children of India by Jules Hermes

Beautiful photographs, focuses on Indian children and their daily lives


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