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RING TOPOLOGY

Ring
Connects each host to the next,
and the last to the first
Physical ring of cable

Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu


Ring Topology

A ring topology connects one host to the next


and the last host to the first. This creates a
physical ring of cable.
Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu
Introduction to Computer Networks

Ring Topology
A frame travels around
the ring, stopping at each
node. If a node wants to
transmit data, it adds the
data as well as the
destination address to the
frame.
Introduction to Computer Networks

Ring Topology
The frame then continues around
the ring until it finds the destination
node, which takes the data out of
the frame.
Single ring All the devices on
the network share a single cable
Dual ring The dual ring
topology allows data to be sent in
both directions.
Physical Topology
Star
Connects all cables to a central
point of concentration
Usually a hub or switch at center
Extended Star
Links stars by linking hubs or
switches

Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu


Introduction to Computer Networks

Star & Tree Topology


The star topology is the
most commonly used
architecture in Ethernet
LANs.
When installed, the star
topology resembles
spokes in a bicycle wheel.
Introduction to Computer Networks

Star & Tree Topology


Larger networks use the
extended star topology also
called tree topology. When
used with network devices
that filter frames or packets,
like bridges, switches, and
routers, this topology
significantly reduces the
traffic on the wires by
sending packets only to the
wires of the destination host.
Star Topology

A star topology connects all cables to a central


point of concentration. This point is usually a hub
or switch, which will be described later in the
Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu
Extended Star Topology

An extended star topology uses the star topology to be created. It links


individual stars together by linking the hubs/switches. This, as you will learn later
in the chapter, will extend the length and size of the network.
Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu
Physical Topology
Hierarchical
Similar to extended star
Links star LANs to a
computer that controls
network traffic

Mesh
Each host is connected to all
other hosts
No breaks, ever!

Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu