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Lesson objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students should be


able to:

1. recognize the common uses of alcohols,

2. identify simiarities in the structure of different


kinds of alcohols, and

3. construct the structure of different kinds of


alcohols
TERMINOLOGIES

1. HOMOLOGOUS- having the same structure, relative


position, or structure in particular.

2. HYDROCARBONS- a compound of Hydrogen and


Carbons.

3. ANTISEPTIC- are antimicrobial substances that are


applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of
infection, sepsis of putrefaction.

4. BEVERAGE- a drink, especially one other than water.


GROUP ACTIVITY
TABLE A:

Name of Name of Percent of Uses


Product alcohol alcohol in the
present product
ANSWERS TO ACTIVITY
Name of Name of Percent of Uses
Product alcohol alcohol in the
present product
Green Cross Isopropyl 70% Used as
Isopropyl antiseptic
Alcohol
Casino Ethyl Ethyl 70% Antiseptic
Alcohol
Care Isopropyl Isopropyl 70% Antiseptic
Alcohol
TABLE B.

ISOPROPYL ETHYL ALCOHOL METHYL


ALCOHOL ALCOHOL
TABLE B.

ISOPROPYL ETHYL ALCOHOL METHYL


ALCOHOL ALCOHOL
Lets Recall

Functional
Homologous Series Suffix Example
Group

Alkane Alkyl -ane Ethane

Alkene Alkenyl -ene Ethene


Belong
to a homologous series of organic
compounds similar to alkanes and alkenes.

Thehydrocarbon chains contain the


functional group -OH (hydroxyl group)

Structural Formula Chemical Formula

C2H5OH (molecular formula)

OH = or
CH3CH2OH
(condensed structural formula)
OH OH OH

Methanol Ethanol Propanol


Total of one carbon Total of two Total of three carbon
atom (meth-) carbons atoms (eth-) atoms (propan-)
CH3OH CH3CH2OH C2H5CH2OH

*Take note of the functional groups location, highlighted by the


dotted box
Replace the e with anol at the end of the
name of the hydrocarbon

Example:

H H H O
H
I
H C C H H C C O H
H H I
H H
ethane ethananol
Naming the Alcohol
No. of carbon Name of Alcohol Molecular Structural Formula Condensed
atoms Formula Structural Formula

OH
1 Methanol CH3OH CH3OH

OH
2 CH3CH2OH
Ethanol C2H5OH

OH CH3(CH2)CH2OH
3 Propanol C3H7OH

OH
CH3(CH2)2CH2OH
4 Butanol C4H9OH

OH
CH3(CH2)3CH2OH
5 Pentanol C5H11OH
Naming the Alcohol

The names of alcohol end


with anol.

The simplest alcohol is


methanol, with one carbon
atom.
Physical Properties of ALcohols

Name Molecular formula Solubility In Water

Methanol CH3OH Very Soluble

Ethananol C2H5OH Soluble

Propananol C3H7OH Soluble

Butananol C4H9OH Slightly soluble


Alcohols are soluble in water

but
their solubility decreases as their
molecular size increases.

Unlikethe alkanes and alkenes, the first


four alcohols are liquid at room
temperature and pressure.
What do you think is the
importance of these
alcohols in our daily
lives?
Evaluation
Complete the table in a 1/2
crosswise of intermediate.
Name of Product Name of Alcohol Percent (%) of Uses(beverage,
Present (Ethyl, alcohol present in antiseptic, fuel,
Methyl, the product cleaner)
Isopropyl)

CASINO ETHYL
ALCOHOL

GREEN CROSS
ISOPROPYL
ALCOHOL
In 1/2 piece of intermediate,
answer guide questions 21-
24.