20 views

Uploaded by Hafiz Mahaad

slide statics uthm

- Gallavoti Book
- Civil Engg. Mechanics
- Chapter 1 PDF
- GE6253 Engineering Mechanics - Regulation 2013 - Lecture Notes
- Secret of Quantum Particle and Its Motion - Cosmological Truth
- 1 st exam
- Fundamentals of Biomechanics
- 3phase_SC_IEC
- dynamics
- TOI Think & Learn Challenge
- Physics Exam
- 01_02elements of Vectors
- Static
- Let Syllabus
- Chapter01 Lecture
- asher te804-s15-uppt3
- ch4
- Mechanics 1 Practice Paper 4.pdf
- motion in 1 dimension
- m105ju_kdht28

You are on page 1of 29

STATICS

BDA1023

Lecture #16

University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM),

Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing,

Department of Mechanical Engineering

2

RIGID BODY EQUILIBRIUM IN 3-D (Sections 5.5 5.7)

Todays Objective:

Students will be able to

a) Identify support reactions in 3-D

and draw a free body diagram, and,

b) apply the equations of equilibrium.

Learning Topic:

Applications

Support reactions in 3-D

Equations of equilibrium

3

APPLICATIONS

mechanical systems.

How can we determine the support reactions at these joints for a

given loading?

4

APPLICATIONS (Continue)

fuel act through A, B, and C. How

will we determine the reactions at

the wheels D, E and F ?

using two cables and a smooth

collar. How can we determine the

reactions at these supports?

5

REVIEW (SUPPORT REACTIONS IN 2-D)

6

REVIEW (SUPPORT REACTIONS IN 2-D)

7

SUPPORT REACTIONS IN 3-D (Table 5-2)

reactions are given in your text book (Table 5-2).

As a general rule, if a support prevents translation of a body in a

given direction, then a reaction force acting in the opposite

direction is developed on the body. Similarly, if rotation is

prevented, a couple moment is exerted on the body by the support.

8

SUPPORT REACTIONS IN 3-D (Table 5-2)

9

10

SUPPORT REACTIONS IN 3-D (Table 5-2)

11

IMPORTANT NOTE

resistive couple moment. However, it is usually preferred to use

two or more properly aligned bearings or hinges. Thus, in these

cases, only force reactions are generated and there are no

moment reactions created.

12

EQULIBRIUM EQUATIONS IN 3-D (Section 5.6)

As stated earlier, when a body is in equilibrium, the net force and

the net moment equal zero, i.e., F = 0 and MO = 0 .

These two vector equations can be written as six scalar

equations of equilibrium (EofE). These are

FX = FY = FZ = 0

MX = MY = MZ = 0

Usually, choosing the point where the maximum number of

unknown forces are present simplifies the solution. Those

forces do not appear in the moment equation since they pass

through the point. Thus, they do not appear in the equation.

13

CONSTRAINTS FOR A RIGID BODY (Section 4.7)

necessary to hold it in equilibrium, it becomes statically

indeterminate.

A problem that is statically indeterminate has more unknowns

than equations of equilibrium.

Are statically indeterminate structures used in practice? Why

or why not?

14

IMPROPER CONSTRAINTS

nothing restricting rotation about the x axis.

there are equations of equilibrium. However, if the supports are

not properly constrained, the body may become unstable for

some loading cases.

15

READING QUIZ

1. If a support prevents rotation of a body about an axis, then

the support exerts a ________ on the body about that axis.

A) couple moment B) force

C) Both A and B. D) None of the above.

scalar equations of equilibrium.

A) 2 B) 3 C) 4

D) 5 E) 6

16

EXAMPLE

Given:The cable of the tower crane is

subjected to 840 N force. A

fixed base at A supports the

crane.

Find: Reactions at the fixed base A.

Plan:

a) Establish the x, y and z axes.

b) Draw a FBD of the crane.

c) Write the forces using Cartesian vector notation.

d) Apply the equations of equilibrium (vector version) to solve

17

for the unknown forces.

EXAMPLE (continued)

r BC = {12 i + 8 j 24 k} m

F = F [uBC ] N

= 840 [12 i + 8 j 24 k] / (122 + 82 + ( 242 ))

= {360 i + 24 j 720 k} N

FA = {AX i + AY j + AZ k } N

18

EXAMPLE (continued)

{(360 + AX) i + (240 + AY) j + (-720 + AZ ) k} = 0

Solving each component equation yields AX = 360 N ,

AY = 240 N , and AZ = 720 N.

19

EXAMPLE (continued)

M = MA + rAC F = 0 i j k

15 10 0 =0

= MAX i + MAY j + MAZ k +

360 240 -720

= MAX i + MAY j + MAZ k - 7200 i + 10800 j = 0

MAX = 7200 N m, MAY = -10800 N m, and MAZ = 0

Note: For simpler problems, one can directly use three scalar

moment equations, MX = MY = MZ = 0

20

CONCEPT QUIZ

cables at B and a ball-and-socket

joint at A. How many unknown

support reactions exist in this

problem?

A) 5 force and 1 moment reaction

B) 5 force reactions

C) 3 force and 3 moment reactions

D) 4 force and 2 moment

reactions

21

IN CLASS TUTORIAL (GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING)

a ball-and-socket joint at A,

a journal bearing at B and a

short link at C. Assume the

rod is properly aligned.

Find: The reactions at all

the supports for the loading

shown.

Plan:

b) Apply scalar equations of equilibrium to solve for

the unknowns.

22

PROBLEM (continued)

AZ Z

BZ

Ay Y

AX 1 kN

X

BX

2 kN FC

MY = 2 (0.2) FC ( 0.2) = 0 ; FC = 2 k N

F Y = AY + 1 = 0 ; AY = 1 k N

M Z = 2 (1.4) - BX ( 0.8 ) = 0 ; BX = 3.5 kN

23

PROBLEM (continued)

A FBD of the rod:

AZ Z

BZ

Ay Y

AX 1 kN

X

BX

2 kN FC

FX = AX 3.5 + 2 = 0 ; AX = 1.5 kN

MX = 2 ( 0.4 ) + BZ ( 0.8) + 1 (0.2) = 0 ; BZ = 0.75 kN

FZ = AZ + 0.75 2 = 0 ; AZ = 1.25 kN

24

ATTENTION QUIZ

socket joint at A, a roller joint at B,

and a cable at C. How many

unknown support reactions are there

in this problem?

A) 4 forces and 2 moments

B) 6 forces

C) 5 forces

D) 4 forces and 1 moment

25

ATTENTION QUIZ

2. What will be the easiest way to determine the force

reaction BZ ?

A) Scalar equation FZ = 0

B) Vector equation MA = 0

C) Scalar equation MZ = 0

D) Scalar equation MY = 0

26

HOMEWORK TUTORIAL

Q1 (5-64) :

The wing of the jet aircraft is subjected to thrust T from its engine and

the resultant lift force L. If the mass of the wing is M and the mass

center is at G, determine the x, y, z components of reaction where the

wing is fixed to the fuselage at A.

27

HOMEWORK TUTORIAL (continued)

Q2 (5-66) :

The air-conditioning unit is hoisted to the roof of a building using the

three cables. If the tensions in the cables are TA,TB and TC, determine

the weight of the unit and the location (x, y) of its center of gravity G.

28

HOMEWORK TUTORIAL (continued)

Q3 (5-64) :

Due to an unequal distribution of fuel in the wing tanks, the centers of

gravity for the airplane fuselage A and wings B and C are located as

shown. If these components have weights WA, WB and WC, determine

the normal reactions of the wheels D, E, and F on the ground.

29

- Gallavoti BookUploaded byGislene Tonette Sordi
- Civil Engg. MechanicsUploaded bySunish Gupta
- Chapter 1 PDFUploaded bydivinestarlight
- GE6253 Engineering Mechanics - Regulation 2013 - Lecture NotesUploaded byrajabala
- Secret of Quantum Particle and Its Motion - Cosmological TruthUploaded byJohn Paily
- 1 st examUploaded byMo Nassif Sampal
- Fundamentals of BiomechanicsUploaded byAlan Magpantay
- 3phase_SC_IECUploaded byvasu1984
- dynamicsUploaded byJamaliah Mdsaid
- TOI Think & Learn ChallengeUploaded byJack Lupino
- Physics ExamUploaded byCrayon0401
- 01_02elements of VectorsUploaded byeamcetmaterials
- StaticUploaded byburak
- Let SyllabusUploaded byAravind N Nair
- Chapter01 LectureUploaded byMohd Syafiq Akmal
- asher te804-s15-uppt3Uploaded byapi-240553765
- ch4Uploaded bySumberScribd
- Mechanics 1 Practice Paper 4.pdfUploaded byfdjj
- motion in 1 dimensionUploaded byapi-275290316
- m105ju_kdht28Uploaded bySimon Spurrier
- Question Bank- Engg MechUploaded bynvasiraja
- MCB ABBUploaded byRiza Fahmi Andriyanto
- JSI MID YR T5 2018Uploaded byAisha Chunsha Cassiopeia
- lesson plan on forcesUploaded byapi-226755313
- annotated data booklet quarter 3Uploaded byapi-331634709
- MathFor802.pdfUploaded byJustin Collins
- Mechanical TechnologyUploaded bygunapalshetty
- 5054_s14_erUploaded byRahique Shuaib
- neet 2019 syllabus.pdfUploaded byDEVA G
- Force and MotionUploaded byAICKEN N. SAGA

- Communication (Chap 11) 11619589.pdfUploaded byyoluri
- Proof That Harper Et Al Are Liars - By @Rolf_AuerUploaded byRolf Auer
- Representation of Women in Indian AdvertisementsUploaded byVanshali Sanwalka
- A.C. No. 7434Uploaded byLara Gelario
- Assignment 1 SaikolojiUploaded byGIBSON
- Recently i'Ve Posted (What i'Ve Been Calling) Rambles on FoundationalUploaded byvlorbik
- GANSS-2.1.docUploaded bysrinipk1935
- Vishnu Sahasranamam Meanings)Uploaded byPramodh Vallanur
- Indonesia_2045_and_early_childhood_sect.pdfUploaded byFadlan Muzakki
- Angathevar Baskaran Towards a UnifiedUploaded byrch1967
- Calculus and AnalysisUploaded byGia-endgie Cozy
- post colonialism/ criticismUploaded bylulavmizuri
- Civil Law 2010 Vol1Uploaded byAnonymous uqBeAy8on
- Wiccan_Sex_Magic_r.pdfUploaded byLuis G. Abbadie
- Carl Jung CW 19 General IndexUploaded byateoliv9
- knvb+philosophyUploaded bydakar16
- Code of EthicsUploaded byhails5988
- IN_NA_EO_13Uploaded bySalvador Sánchez
- Renosa-Theory of Ethical CaringUploaded byJoseph TheThird
- 327967545-Rahu-Ketu-pdf.pdfUploaded byMandira Joshi
- Maglucot-Aw vs Maglucot (ESCRA)Uploaded byCarmel Louise
- MADRSUploaded byRoxana Sandu
- Catalogue_Medieval_and_Renaissance_Studi.pdfUploaded bypmg1965
- The Statutes at Large, 15 -249 Rev 5Uploaded byJohn Kronnick
- social studies-westward expansionUploaded byapi-317813233
- 645646gdghsyUploaded byGabriel Vasquez
- Effect of taper tension profile on the telescoping in a winding process of high speed roll to roll printing systemsUploaded bykeesenpiet
- The Body of Meaning in Chavín Art - Gary Urton (2008)Uploaded byHitalo Cuba
- Criminal Law I - Study Guide 2 - PurposeUploaded bySurihya101
- Botakoz Kasumbekova Understanding Stalinism 2017Uploaded byamudaryo