A CLOUD is a type of parallel and distributed system consisting of a collection of interconnected and virtualized computers based on services. It consists of unified computing resources based on (SLA) service-level agreements established between the service provider and consumers. CLOUD COMPUTING is an internet based computing in which shared services and information are provided to computers and other devices on demand.

Consumers will be able to access applications and data from a CLOUD anywhere in the World on demand

Cloud computing sample architecture

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BUSINESS PURPOSES SMALL BUSINESS MEDIUM BUSINESS LARGE BUSINESS .

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Key Features Agility. Cost- here capital expenditure is converted to operational expenditure. Device and location independenceservice is accessed via internet and users can connect from anywhere in the World.improves ability to mingle with the issues occurred in service provider. .

.MULTI-TENANCY-> Centralization Peak-Load capacity Utilization Efficiency RELIABILITY-> It improves through the use of multiple redundant sites which makes cloud computing suitable for business purpose SCALABILITY On demand provision of resources. METERING resources should be metered.

Basic Segments of Cloud Computing .

Each segment serves a different purpose and offers different products for businesses and individuals around the world.Cloud computing is broken down into three segments: applications platforms infrastructure The concept generally incorporates combinations of the following: Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) Platform as a service (PaaS) Software as a service SaaS Cloud computing services often provide common business applications online that are accessed from a web browser . .while the software and data are stored on the server.

and development environments (such as Google gears) that allow users to build applications . is also considered to be part of the infrastructure segment. Slightly more varied than those in the other areas of cloud computing but include ones such as managed hosting.  Cloud storage such as Amazon's S3. platform and on-demand.  In the enterprise. and bring more online as soon as required. known as infrastructure. . cloud computing allows a company to pay or only as much capacity as is needed. is very much the backbone of the entire concept.Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) This segment in cloud computing.  Infrastructure vendors provide the physical storage space and processing capabilities that allow for the all the services viz.

Terre mark Worldwide(TMRK) Managed hosting. IBM- Managed hosting.com (AMZN) cloud storage. development environment .Major Infrastructure VendorsGoogle(GOOG) Managed hosting. SAVVIS (SVVS) Managed hosting. . Amazon.

Platform serve as an interface for users to access applications provided by partners or the customers. Some active Platforms: Google(GOOG) Amazon.com(AMZN) Microsoft(MSFT) etc . This service in the cloud is defined as set of sofware and product development tools hosted on the providers infrastructure.Platform as a service(Paas) It refers to the products that are used to deploy aplications.

com Netsuite (N) Concur Technologies (CNGR) . Services can be anything from Web-based email to inventory control and data base Processing Active software services-> Google(GOOG) Taleo (TLEO) Salesforce.It supplies the hardware infrastructure the software product and unteracts wit the user through a Front-end Portal.

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Deployment Models of clouds Community cloud Hybrid cloud Private cloud .

Cloud Computing Types .

security and/or policy compliance.Community cloud or Public cloud A community cloud may be established where several organizations have similar requirements and seek to share infrastructure so as to realize some of the benefits of cloud computing. With the costs spread over fewer users than a public cloud (but more than a single tenant) this option is more expensive but may offer a higher level of privacy. .

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 The ability to augment a private cloud with the resources of a public cloud can be used to maintain service levels in the face of rapid workload fluctuations. 22 .  A hybrid cloud also can be used to handle planned workload spikes.  They can help to provide on-demand. externally provisioned scale.Hybrid clouds  Hybrid clouds combine both public and private cloud models .

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providing the utmost control over data. The company owns the infrastructure and has control over how applications are deployed on it. security.Private clouds Private clouds are built for the exclusive use of one client. . Private clouds may be deployed in an enterprise data centre. Private clouds can be built and managed by a company¶s own IT organization or by a cloud provider. and quality of service .

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ADVANTAGES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Lower-Cost Computers for Users Improved Performance Lower IT Infrastructure Costs Fewer Maintenance Issues Lower Software Costs Instant Software Updates Increased Computing Power Unlimited Storage Capacity Increased Data Safety Improved Compatibility Between Operating Systems Improved Document Format Compatibility Easier Group Collaboration Universal Access to Documents Latest Version Availability Removes the Tether to Specific Devices .

. then security should be of utmost importance. Depending on third-party to ensure the security and confidentiality of data. where does our information go? ‡ If we are going to move all of our information to data centers situated outside our company. If our cloud host disappears.DISADVANTAGES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Requires a Constant Internet Connection Doesn¶t Work Well with Low-Speed Connections Can Be Slow Features Might Be Limited(CURRENTLY) Stored Data Might Not Be Secure Protecting intellectual property rights Lost control comes with handing over our data and information.

. and users with the platforms and collaboration tools that promote innovation. This requires enabling its employees. business partners. Cloud computing infrastructures are next generation platforms that can provide tremendous value to companies of any size. companies must innovate and get the most from its resources to succeed.In today's global competitive market.

Latest Trends ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Integrating more scripting languages Data center volumes Open source cloud computing (Red Hat) Salesforce for Google apps Going green .

spreadsheets. it is a combination of broadband. as the data increases. So here.com experiences more API traffic and more SOAP Web services and XML traffic than Web page traffic. documents. dial up . This means more people use the system from other computers and other programming languages from a developer context than end-users accessing the system from a Web browser. service and support. partners. security concerns are most vital here. . no.net and php. calendaring. and offering the OS as one of the platforms for Verizon's Computing as a Service solution. of data centers increase and also proportionally the cooling required for the same is more. So the solution can be to integrate the application packages itself with all the security features who decide themselves who all users can use it. Also . marketing. this security is not enough. with CRM (sales. one of the concerns here is the large volume of data center at the cloud computing vendor s end. etc.Integrate all other scripting languages like asp . instant messaging. etc. Salesforce. in cloud computing environment. etc. Salesforce for google apps:The 'Salesforce for Google Apps' solution combines email. presentations. Unlike current computing environment where data is stored in databases and access parameters for that database can govern who all can access that data.). This is also one of the future scope for Cloud Computing. Red hat open source:It is encouraging enterprise customers to use its operating platform RedHat Enterprise Linux for cloud computing. As Cloud Computing is itself a new concept but although it is based on old computing concepts . So the cost may increase out of bounds . So reasearch is been done for checking this.

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