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1. NOUNS 12. NESS usually attaches to: [adj. + (-ness)], e.g.
bitter/bitterness, bright/brightness, clean/ness, cool/coolness,
DEFINITION good/goodness, greedy/greediness, hard/hardness,
1. The naming words are nouns, animals, persons, places, idle/idleness, thick/thickness, big/bigness, dull/ dullness,
things, ideas, and feelings. common/commonness, kind/kindness etc.

2. They are physical (conceived with five senses)or mental 13. ITY attaches to adjectives ending in -able, -ic, -al, -ous as
(conceptually conceived). well as to a large variety of others, e.g.
implacable/implaccability, capable/capability,
3. INDICATORS OF NOUNS respectable/respectability, agreeable/agreeability,
invincible/invincibility, compatible/compatibility, accountable/
4. E.g Akbar, boy, Ayesha, girl, academy, KBL Academy, street, accountability, eccentric /eccentricity,
Anarkali, honesty, love, age, wisdom. authentic/authenticity, electric/electricity, elastic/elasticity,
5. Indicators of a noun public/publicity, fatal/fatality, brutal/brutality,
casual/casualty, technical/technicality, formal/formality
6. Suffixes indicating Nouns original/ originality etc
7. ER. learn/er, command/er, write/r, stop/per, dig/ger, sing/er, 14. DOM [common nouns + (-dom)] makes up abstract nouns
sail/er (=the ship) etc.; act/or, sail/or, direct/or; beg/gar etc starting from concrete ones, e.g. king/kingdom,
sheriff/sheriffdom, rebel/rebeldom, spinster/spinsterdom,
8. EE e.g. employ/ee, assign/ee, grant/ee, refer/ee, trust/ee, savage/savagedom, beggar/ beggardom, duke/dukedom,
transfer/ee, nomin/ee, divorc/ee, train/ee, evacu/ee etc saint/saintdom, scholar/scholardom etc.
9. ISM [denote a system, a principle, a doctrine, e.g. Calvin/ism, 15. HOOD [common nouns + (-hood)], with the meaning state
Aristotel/ism, Platon/ism, Euphu/ism, Petrarch/ism, Lenin/ism, characterized by X; e.g. child/childhood, priest/priesthood
pagan/ism, expression/ism, ego/ism, protestant/ism, (preoie), man/manhood, boy/boyhood, baby babyhood,
impression/ism, favourit/ism, behaviour/ism, defet/ism, maiden/maidenhood, widow/widowhood, neighbour/
hero/ism etc neighbourhood, monk/monkhood, woman/ womanhood etc.
while some of the - HOOD nouns have developed a second
10. ATION ( ITION, -UTION, - TION, -ION) attaches to verb bases meaning, group of people characterized by X,
producing verbal abstract nouns. The attachment of this brother/brotherhood, priest/priesthood (preoime),
suffix, and its allomorphs, requires a lot of adjustments of the maiden/maidenhood, sister/sisterhood etc.
nouns, which are of no concern here, e.g. edify/edification,
certify/certification, pacify/pacification, 16. SHIP [common nouns + (-ship)] produces abstract nouns
simplify/simplification, organise/organisation, denoting status or condition characterized by X, e.g.
authorise/authorisation, civilise/civilisation, friend/friendship, champion/championship, kin/kinship,
contemplate/contemplation, modulate/modulation, lord/lordship, companion/companionship,
translate/translation, situate/situation, saturate/saturation, member/membership, doctor/doctorship,
educate/education accuse/accusation, inform/information, craftsman/craftsmanship etc.
derive/derivation, consume/consumption,
presume/presumption, assume/assumption, 17. -ERY, and its allomorphs -ry, -y, triggered by the final
deduce/deduction, seduce/seduction, introduce/ introduction,, consonant (t/d/n) apply to nominal bases, generating a variety
conceive/conception, perceive/perception, deceive/deception, of meanings, e.g. place of activity, behaviour characteristic
receive/reception, describe/description, prescribe/ of X, group of people of X, e.g. swan/swannery, hen/hennery,
prescription, redeem/redemption, absorb/absorption, destroy/ rabbit/rabbitry, pigeon/pigeonry, nun/nunnery, baker/ bakery,
destruction, add/addition, compete/competition, grocer/grocery, brewer/brewery; bigot/bigotry, snob/snobbery,
define/definition, imbibe/imbibition, revolve/revolution, slave/slavery, devil/devilry, savage/savagery,
dissolve/ dissolution, resolve/resolution, solve/solution; pedant/pedantry; weapon/weaponry, jewel/jewellry,
concede/ concession, prevent/prevention, revise/revision, machine/machinery, pot/ pottery, peasant/peasantry etc. -
percuss/percussion, etc
18. ANCE and its allomorph, -ence, attaches to verbs, producing
11. MENT, closely rivals -ATION. e.g. achieve/achievement, nouns denoting processes, e.g. continue/continuance,
advance/advancement, appoint/appointment, appear/appearance, clear/clearance, assist/assistance,
commence/commencement, assess/assessment, inherit/inheritance, accept/ acceptance; prefer/preference,
manage/management, treat/treatment, amuse/amusement, confer/conference etc. The above mentioned suffixes are by
assort/assortment, engage/ engagement, amaze/amazement, no means the only noun-forming suffixes in English, but are,
settle/settlement etc most assuredly, the most important through their productivity
in Modern English.


1. NOUNS 19. Some verbs have two objects (double transitive and
causative verbs),
20. direct object (without it sentence becomes
1. SUBJECT meaningless) and indirect object (without it a
1. Used before Axillary (Modal, Linking, helping) sentence can stand at its own)
verbs/main verbs 21. I returned the books to the library
2. Necessary for active voice sentences. Without it, 22. The pilot flew the plane across the Atlantic Ocean
sentence is meaningless
23. The coach carried the bats and balls to the field
3. A boy is running after the sparrows.
24. Rosa walked him and me to the park
4. Mr. Ahmed with his family has planned a visit to
Murree. 25. I took her with me to the store.
5. Patriotism calls for great duties 1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING
1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING 26. He appreciated my adventurous and courageous
6. Subjective in this matter is utmost needed 27. I always liked brave and conscious in great people
7. Delighted in the show was outstanding 28. No one admires the brilliant of others
8. Brilliant and sagacity are two traits of a learned 29. We can bring content in our life with strong faith
30. Islam discourages envious foe others
9. The angry in life can sometime bring disastrous
outcome 31. Man has curious by nature

10. The nightly was shrouded in fear after the terrorist 32. Everyone favours compassionate and gracious in
attack others

11. Faithful in daily affairs reflects the trait of a nice 33. The human trait that can bring disaster is jealous
person 34. Success is caused by perseverant in life
12. Compassionate is necessary while dealing with 35. You need sophisticated and mannerism to impress
other human beings others
13. Deceitful with others brings defame 36. Satan met grievous after having disobedience of God
14. Deceive others brought his downfall 37. Do you like his infatuated for his wife?
15. Ahmed and me have done many assignments 38. No one can assess weary from your face.
39. The Christian believe in redempted.
40. His career ended in victorious.
16. Used after a verb (transitive verbs)
41. Fear is the main source of superstitious, and one of
17. Sometimes followed by preposition. the main sources of cruelty
18. Necessary with transitive verbs
1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING 21. There should be a coordination between subject
and complement
1. Honest is necessary for life
22. For a single noun, there should be an
2. We need adventurous for success article/determiner.
3. Our believe in God makes us free of cares 23. Quaid e Azam was a lawyer.
4. Humility and coward cant go along 24. The majority of the people are the Muslims
5. Our proud in ourselves drives us to success 1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING
6. I dislike his lecherous 25. Mr. Ahmed has honest and integrity
7. His malicious has no effect on me 26. Abdul Sattar Eidi was humanist
1. OBJECT OF PREPOSITION 27. Marconi was inventor of Radio
8. After preposition, there will be a noun/gerund/noun 28. Chaucer was father of English poetry
29. Lata and Noor Jahan were a singers
9. A man of determination is respected everywhere.
(not determined) 30. She has a compassion towards his goal
10. I am thinking about my newly established 1. NOUN IN APPOSITION
business. (about+business)
31. Two nouns in one function
1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING 32. Second adds into the meanings of the first one
11. I am sick of your curious 33. Second should be noun as well
12. I am proud of his sympathetic 34. Separated with commas, brackets and dashes
13. He is telling about his childish 35. The beast, a lion, was starting to show interest in
14. Pakistan is in the need of compassionate and our party
hospitable for the others 36. Akbar, the king was very courageous in his youth.
15. The outcome of comfortable in life is always
lethargic attitude
16. Every has pride in his argumentative in the debate 37. Mr. Ahmed, rich, belonged to a poor family

17. The drum beater announced the lost of the pocket 38. My brother, a human garbage disposable, consumed
book five cheeseburgers in one sitting last night

18. The relation about matrimonial depend upon 39. Kara's bag, display of her wealth, was stained with
acceptance and honesty paint because she wasn't careful

19. On the grow of his business, he became conceited 40. The insect, large and hairy creature, scared the
children as they walked outside
1. COMPLEMENT/PREDICATE 41. The bookshelf, modern piece of furniture, was
20. Used after Linking verb/to be verbs moved into the house first
1. COMMON NOUN 25. The teacher builds the foundation of a nation
1. Generalized nouns (boy, room, pencil, honesty, gold, 26. Farmer grows grain for the whole country
college, girl) 27. A rich should be kind to the poor
2. Represent their type 28. The unemployed is losing hope.
3. Girl represents the all the girls 29. The government should do something for jobless.
4. Made specific with the use of THE 30. The young is our asset of the nation
5. They are generalized by using article (a, an,) and specific 31. The injured were taken to the hospital
by using (the and other determiners like my, your, their,
his, our, their, this, that, these, those, some) 32. The accused have been sentenced to punishment

6. Article a,an is used when any professional is mentioned 33. The diseased dont sleep peacefully
with basic functions
34. The seniors is respected everywhere in the east
7. An engineer builds the roads (basic role of an engineer)
35. Our elders was our asset in the old eastern culture in the
8. The engineer is standing on the roads (specific noun) past
9. The groups or class of the people or animals is specified 1. PROPER NOUN
10. The lion lives in the forest (Whole class) 36. Particularized or specific
11. A lion is roaring (specific lion) 37. The specific Nouns like Pakistan, Ahmed, Jehangirs
12. The blind deserve our attention (whole class) Tomb, Badshahi Mosque

13. A blind is walking (particular blind person) 38. Are capitalized in a sentence

14. In some cases, these expressions can have a singular 39. They are not preceded by Specifier or determiner as
meaning. Examples are: the accused, the injured, the they are already specific. You have your/his/our/some/the
diseased etc. (not used) Pakistan

15. The deceased is survived by his wife 40. Sometimes they are used as symbolic then they
preceded by THE
16. Human beings dont take the to generalize
41. before geographical (/or other) proper names of seas,
17. Man is mortal (whole species) rivers, groups of islands, chains of mountains, deserts,
regions, e.g. the Black Sea, the Red Sea, the
18. The man is running after the bull. (particular man) Mediterranean Sea, the Dead Sea, the Atlantic Ocean,
19. Some adjectives are used as common nouns the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Danube, the
Mississippi, the Thames, the Nile, the Bermudes, the
20. We should respect our elders Azores, the Bahamas, the Bismark Islands, the
1. CORRECT THE FOLLOWING Carpathians, the Rocky Mountains, the Alps, the
Hymalaya, the Caucasus, the Sahara, the Arabian Desert,
21. The girls are more shy than boys the Gobi Desert, the Kalahari Desert, the Great
22. The doctor saves human life Australian Desert, the Riviera, the Suez Canal etc

23. A kangaroo lives in Australia

24. The man is superior to other creatures
1. PROPER NOUN 14. Many Pakistani work in United States of America
1. However, if we need to distinguish two or more persons 15. The people working in United Araba Emirates find
having the same name the definite article is used, e.g. I administrative problems
would like to talk to Mr Smith, please. Which Mr Smith 16. He loves the English to speak
do you want to talk to, because we have three. The
Smith from the accounts office, please. 17. The Urdu is our national language
2. These nouns have only the singular number and denote 18. The English is the language of English
individualized or unique objects; they are much like any 19. The Titanic sank in Pacific Ocean
other proper nouns but these common nouns coincide
with the proper names of the objects themselves, e.g. 20. Equator is an imaginary line on the world map
the earth, the sun, the moon, the east, the west, the 21. Hindus worship idols
south, the north, nature, heaven, hell, paradise;
22. Muslims believe in one God
3. Names of languages, e.g. English, French, German,
Romanian, Arabic, Spanish, Italian, etc. These nouns 23. The Christian follows the Pope and church hierarchy
cannot be used generically, i.e. to represent a class of 24. He lives in his India
objects; many of them are used with a definite article.
Sometimes, for stylistic reasons, they can be used with 25. Moon revolves around sun
an (indefinite/definite) article + adjective, e.g. a burning
hot sun was shining....; a full moon appeared from behind
the trees; his life was the most insufferable hell etc.
Some of these nouns can, accidentally, be used in the
plural, a fact that brings about a slight change in
meaning, e.g There are many suns in the universe.
4. I love the Pakistan
5. Dr. Abdul Qadeer is Einstein of Pakistan
6. Faisalabad is Manchester of Pakistan
7. Mr. Dilber is Shakespeare of our city
8. Ahmed Fraz is Ghalib of Urdu poetry
9. Ahmed is the Aristotle of our class
10. He works in Philippines
11. Have you ever visited Netherlands
12. My friend is working in United Nation Organization
13. The sacred places are located in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
TYPES OF NOUNS 16. doctrines, schools, currents, games, e.g. chess,
tennis, football, basketball, rugby, handball, cricket,
1. ABSTRACT backgammon, illuminism, classicism, socialism,
2. The nouns are conceptual or mental/ feelings and capitalism, nationalism, Renaissance, Romaticism,
emotions, kindness, slavery etc. One should not forget that -ism is pronounced [-
3. They are not specified. Until they are of a specific
17. E.g..Football is an interesting game but rugby requires
4. Abstract Nouns considered as unique Nouns in this more strength;
category only have the singular form, although there
are situations when they are 18. Nationalism is not always good;

5. used in the plural, but then their abstract character is 19. other categories, e.g. wealth, poverty, childhood,
less obvious, e.g. ...his comings and goings, age, philosophy, history, music, literature, art, white,
read, yellow, chess, tennis, football etc., e.g.
6. Shakespeare's writings etc. The nouns in this class
can be grouped as follows, 20. Yellow is my favourite colour;

7. e.g. actions and states, e.g. reading, expectation, 21. Old age is never pleasant;
course, writing etc. that can be used in the plural, 22. Football is the most widespread team game in the
8. e.g. Our expectations have been met etc. world;

9. qualities, e.g. readiness, timeliness, neighbourhood, 23. The following abstract nouns are considered
childhood, friendliness, strength, length, width, depth, uncountable in English, e.g. advice, news,
truth, etc.; these nouns are only used in the singular 24. information, knowledge, baggage, luggage, furniture,
with a verb in the singular, hair;
10. e.g. The truth is that I didn't know about their 25. they take a verb in the singular
marriage etc.
26. and cannot be used with an indefinite article, though
11. philosophical and aesthetical categories, e.g. with some/any can; if the speaker wants to
philosophy, history, music, literature, the new, the old,
the beautiful, the infinite, the sublime, the fantastic, 27. show very specifically that he means only one item of
the grotesque; these nouns are always used in the the respective nouns, he can use one
singular and take a verb in the singular, 28. piece of , one item of , etc., e.g
12. e.g. The beautiful is one of the most important 29. The honesty is the best policy (The is not used)
aesthetic categories;
30. The honesty of Iqbal is above board. (It is specific)
13. The infinite is difficult to understand etc. feelings,
e.g. love, hatred, pity, desire, mercy, courage, death, 31. Hair (all the hair on one s head) is considered
fear, hope, relief, suspicion; uncountable, but if we consider each hair separately,
we can say one hair, two hairs etc. ,
14. they are always used in the singular and take a
singular verb, 32. e.g. Her hair is black; whenever she finds a grey hair
she pulls it out;
15. e.g. Love is the noblest feeling in the world etc.
TYPES OF NOUNS 7. e.g. His mathematics is/are weak;
1. ABSTRACT 8. In our country physics is/are taught only in middle and high
2. Certain nouns can be countable when used in a particular
sense, e.g. 9. names of diseases and games - in spite of the plural form,
these nouns take only a verb in the singular, e.g. measles,
3. experience meaning something which happened to
mumps, rickets; billiards, marbles, draughts, skittles etc.,
someone is countable, e.g. He had an exciting
experience/some exciting experiences; work meaning -
occupation/employment/a job/jobs is uncountable, 10. Measles is a contagious disease;
4. e.g. He is looking for work, while works can mean 11. Mumps is more dangerous in adults than in children;
factory , moving parts of a machine , or can refer to
literary or musical compositions,
13. Many expectation can be attached with it
5. e.g. Shakespeare s complete works were published by one
of the most famous publishing houses in England. 14. His strengths are unmatchable
1. help can be countable in: 15. The depths of oil are very low in Chakwal
2. My children are a great help to me; A good map would 16. It is full of truths and no one can deny it
be a great help.
17. The old were taken care in the past
3. relief is also countable in:
18. The beautiful are one of the most important aesthetic
4. It was a relief to sit down. categories;
5. knowledge in: 19. The infinite are difficult to understand
6. He had a good knowledge of mathematics. 20. The histories of the world are vague
7. Similarly, a mercy/pity/shame/wonder introduced by it 21. Many philosophies have been invented in this regard
can be used with that-clauses/an
22. We need many mercies on human beings
8. infinitive, e.g.
23. Hatred have been disastrous in the past
9. It is a pity (that) you were not here;
24. His loves are appreciable
10. It s a shame (that) he was not paid,
25. Baseballs are interesting games
11. It would be a pity to cut down these trees;
26. Hockey are an interesting game but rugby requires more
12. A fear/fears, a hope/hopes, a suspicion/suspicions strength;
introduced by there can be used with a thatclause,
27. Nationalism are not always good particularly if they are
13. e.g. destructive
14. There is a fear/There are fears that he has been 28. Romaticisms had been very popular in early 18th century
29. World literatures have a wide variety
15. We can also have a suspicion that etc.
30. Her hair are black; whenever she finds a grey hair she pulls
6. names of sciences - a number of words ending in -ics and it out
denoting names of sciences are plural in form and usually
take a plural verb, but a singular verb is also possible, 31. Hepatitis were notorious for excessive deaths in the past
TYPES OF NOUNS 16. Theres big brown dog running around the
17. She has three dog.
2. The nouns perceived with five senses
18. I own house.
1. Board, pencil, Ahmed, laptop
19. I would like two book please.
20. How much friends do you have?
4. Can be counted
21. How many money have you got?
5. Can be made plural
22. How mmuch cigarettes have you smoked?
6. Can be used with countable quantifiers like
many, few, a number of, a large number of, 23. There's not many sugar in the cupboard.
24. There weren't a lot of people at the concert.
7. Another, any, each, either, every, neither, no,
25. There was a party in every streets.
one, some, this and that can be used BEFORE
SINGULAR COUNTABLE NOUNS 26. Every shops were decorated with flowers
8. All, any, both, enough, (a) few, fewer, a lot of, 27. Each children was given a prize
many, more, most, no, other, several, some, 28. A few of the snake are dangerous.
these, those can be used BEFORE PLURAL
NOUNS. 29. All of the childs live at home.
9. Can also be used with quantifiers of both 30. He has spent all of his money.
categories like no, none, some, a lot of, plenty of, 31. Would you like some tea and cookies?
lots of,
32. I always put a little milk and carrots in my soup.
33. He has several apple. I don't have any fruit at all.
11. There are at least twenty Italian restaurant in
Little Italy. 34. She has plenty of clothe for the winter.

12. Megan took a lot of photograph when she went to 35. I received a large number of feedback from my
the Grand Canyon. survey.

13. Your book is on the kitchen table. 36. How much/many players are in a handball team?

14. How much candles are on that birthday cake? 37. How much/many pocket money do you get per
15. You have several painting to study in art
appreciation class. 38. How much/many time is left?
39. How much/many sisters does Ella have?
1. UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS 1. Two dozen eggs (egg is main/ two and
dozen are qualifiers)
1. Unlike countable nouns, uncountable nouns
are substances, concepts etc that we 2. Five mile distance/five foot rope/ten
cannot divide into separate elements. rupee note

2. We cannot "count" them. For example, we 4. COLLECTIVE

cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles 5. The represent the group of nouns
of milk" or "litres of milk", but we cannot
count "milk" itself. 6. Some nouns are used as plural. Poultry,
vermin, cattle etc (see list of nouns)
3. E.G. music, art, love, happiness 1. The cattle are moving in the pasture
4. Much, a little/little/very little, a bit (of), a 2. The vermin are creeping
great deal of, a large amount of, a large 3. These poultry are mine
quantity of
7. Some nouns have double functions,
5. There weren't "much", "many" or "a lot singular (act similarly)and plural(act
(of) people at the party. oppositely)
6. Jane has got "much", "many" or "a lot (of) 1. The family is agreed on the issue of
pets at home. land (similar action)
7. Have you seen wild animals in Africa? 2. The family are estranged on the
marriage proposal (difference of
8. I haven't got "much", "many" or "a lot (of) opinion)
money in my bank account.
3. The police needs to be reformed (as a
9. Have you got "much", "many" or "a lot dept. or unit)
(of) information about the economic crisis? 4. The police are standing on the road
10. when we went to Paris, we visited "much", (individual)
"many" or "a lot (of) interesting places.
1. Combination of more than one word

2. There is one head word (key word) in this

3. The qualifiers are not made plural in a
compound construction
1. SINGULAR NOUNS, SINGLE FORM 9. A lot of damages have occurred to this
2. Access, accommodation, advice, aid, air, building
applause, art, assistance, baggage, ballet, 10. The govt. has announced many
beauty, bread, business, chalk, clothing, employments in education department
compassion, courage, damage, dignity, dirt, 11.The scientific equipments are scattered
dust, employment, energy, enjoyment, there
equipment, ethics, evidence, evolution, failure, 12.I cooked foods in the kitchen
faith, fame, food, freedom, fun, furniture, 13.Many furnitures are required for the dowry
garbage, gas, genetics, glass, gold, grammar,
grass, gratitude, grief, ground, guilt, hair, 14.The glasses are used make utensils
happiness, harm, hatred, health, heat, height, 15.The grounds have been prepared for the
help, honesty, humour, hunger, inflation, ice, game
information, injustice, innocence, iron, irony, joy, 16.His hairs were smooth and sleek
justice, knowledge, labor, lack, land, lava, 17.The honesties of our fellow beings are
leather, leisure, lightening, logic, loneliness, exemplary
luggage, machinery, magic, mankind, meat, milk, 18.He gave me many informations on this topic
money, music, nature, news, nutrition,
19.The irons are used in establishing a building
obedience, oil, paper, passion, poetry, pollution,
poverty, power, pride, progress, psychology, rain, 20.The lands of ours are fertile and enriched
reliability, research, rice, rubbish, salt, salad, 21.He carried many bags of luggages
sand, scenery, shame, silence, smoking, snow, 22.Different machineries were installed to
sorrow, speed, strength, success, and etc manufacture JF-17
1. He gave me many advices about life 23.Meats were preserved in the past
2. Many aids were given to the flood affectees 24.We need a lot of monies to lead a prosperous
3. His baggage were loaded in the van life
4. The beauties of Kashmir have no parallel 25.Bad news usually spread fast
5. He ate three breads in the breakfast 26.Pakistan had discovered many oils and gases
6. The teachers in the past used many chalks in 27.The papers of today are full with thrilling
the class news
7. It were magnificent clothings which the 28.He learnt two poetries out of passion
court acrobat was wearing 29.Sceneries of Kashmir are very beautiful
8. No courages are required for this job 30.There are many sands in the central asia
1. Check yourself
2. The believe in superstitions is the matter of past because the people are
more rational now.
3. The supreme of rulers cant be sustained in present era of awareness and
4. I couldnt make him understand obstinate of my friend who doesnt accede
to anyones request.
5. The loveable doesnt produce results in every situation because some
people are obstinate
6. The aims of literary are always pleasant if one is deeply moved by the
7. Amjad Islam Amjad is called Shakespeare of Pakistan, being a famous poet
of this region.
8. Faisalabad is Manchester of Pakistan as it is the famous centre of cotton
9. The falsehood is not accepted in any society of the world. It shows the
common nature of man
10. Adulthood of Iqbal is characterized by the Islam as well as the love for
romantic life
11. Ten feet rope is enough to have a competition of tug of war in the athletics


1. Nouns can be counted
2. Used with quantifiers many, few, large number of, some, any, a lot of
3. Various, different,
4. Single countable are also used with a/an. He made a joke. Boy, film, wall, computer
5. There are a few person/s in the hall
6. I drank many/much waters/water
1. They cant be counted, many abstract nouns are uncountable
2. They have qualifiers like much, less, little, some, a lot of, huge, big, great
3. They cant be made plural
4. I have seen many sceneries/scenes
5. A few/a little knowledge is dangerous
6. Much/many boys were there in the class
7. Access, accommodation, advertising, advice, aggression, aid, air, anger, applause, art, assistance,
bacon, baggage, ballet, beauty, beef, beer, bread, business, butter, cash, chalk, chaos, clothing,
childhood, compassion, courage, damage, dignity, dirt, dust, employment, energy, enjoyment,
entertainment, equipment, ethics, evidence, evolution, failure, faith, fame, food, freedom, fun,
furniture, garbage, gas, genetics, glass, gold, grammar, grass, gratitude, grief, ground, guilt, hair,
happiness, harm, hatred, health, heat, height, help, honesty, humour, hunger, inflation, ice,
information, injustice, innocence, iron, irony, joy, justice, knowledge, labor, lack, land, lava, leather,
leisure, lightening, logic, loneliness, luggage, machinery, magic, mankind, meat, milk, money,
music, nature, news, nutrition, obedience, oil, paper, passion, poetry, pollution, poverty, power,
pride, progress, psychology, rain, reliability, research, rice, rubbish, salt, salad, sand, scenery,
shame, silence, smoking, snow, sorrow, speed, strength, success, and etc
1. SINGULAR NOUNS, SINGLE FORM 19.IRON IS used in establishing a building
1. He gave me MANY PIECES OF ADVICE about 20.The LAND of ours IS fertile and enriched
life 21.He carried many bags of LUGGAGE
2. MUCH AID WAS given to the flood affectees 22.Different MACHINES were installed to
3. His BAGGAGE WAS loaded in the van manufacture JF-17
4. The BEAUTY OF KASHMIR HAS no parallel 23.MEAT WAS preserved in the past
5. He ate THREE PIECES OF BREAD in the 24.We need a lot of MONEY to lead a
breakfast prosperous life
6. The teachers in the past used MANY PIECES 25.Bad news usually SPREADS fast
OF CHALK in the class 26.Pakistan had discovered MUCH OIL AND GAS
7. It WAS magnificent CLOTHING which the 27.The PAPERS of today ARE full with thrilling
court acrobat was wearing news
8. No COURAGE IS required for this job 28.He learnt two POEMS out of passion
9. A lot of DAMAGE HAS occurred to this 29.SCENERY of Kashmir IS very beautiful
building 30.There are many SANDS in the central Asia
10. The govt. has announced MANY JOBS in
education department
11.The scientific EQUIPMENT IS scattered
12.I cooked FOOD in the kitchen
13.Many ARTICLES OF FURNITURE are required
for the dowry
14.The GLASS IS used make utensils
15.The GROUND HAS been prepared for the
16.His HAIR WAS smooth and sleek
17.The HONESTY of our fellow beings IS
on this topic
1. The tone of his censor was humiliating and disgraced for me.
2. The respected professor of English in our college is Shakespeare of our city.
3. The matter of his humiliated disturbed him at this stage of adulthood.
4. There were the people of different races residing in this part of the country
5. Many fortunes are required to get success in life because God is benevolent
6. It was indeed splendid clothings, particularly made for Gorgious for the
7. Measles are commonly known as contagious diseases in our community
8. Dr. Faustus said to his friend about Christian morality that wages of sin are
9. The Customs are responsible for duty and taxes on imports and exports
10. Many animals species are totally color blind and cant distinguish the colours
but can see
11. The responsibe of those who teach others is training them for the practical
12. Many informations were given to me regarding your changing attitude after
the incident
13. Less than a million people gathered in the procession held by PTI
14. She has not promised me helping the poor and needy of our village
15. The gallow used in past time can be seen at Shakargarh Museum situated
2. Material Noun is the name of a material or a substance or an ingredient of an alloy.
4. Gold, Salt,Iron, Silver, Bronze, Brass, Copper, Steel, Aluminium, Lead, Gem,
Diamond, Coral, Coal, Calcium, Plastic, Rubber, Glass, Fibre, Paper, Paint
Plywood, Synthetics, Cement, Wine, Soap, Tar, Perfume, Chemical, Rexene
6. The cotton dress is cheap.
7. I purchased the gold.
8. The gold is more precious than the silver
9. This is a shop for the diamonds.
10. The calcium is good for health.
11. The plastic is for ordinary use.
12. The iron is very useful metal.
13. This is a building of the marbles.
14. The child drank the milk.
15. We use the wood in the building material.
16. The fibre is widely used in all industries.
17. The brass was used in the old days.