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Nov 25, 2017

CH17 Mock Test

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Mock Test

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CH17 Mock Test

Mock Test

© All Rights Reserved

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Mock Test

Dr Shekhar Rajagopalan

Chap 7

MBA ZC417 Q UAN TI TA TIV E M ETHODS 1 BITS-Pilani

Question 1

NOPUS was conducted by sending observers to randomly selected sites to collect data on

the usage of DOT-compliant helmets by motorcyclists. Following table presents the data.

Type of Helmet

Region DOT-Complaint Non-Compliant

Northeast 96 62

Midwest 86 43

South 92 49

West 76 16

Suppose a motorcyclist is selected at random.

A. Estimate the probability that the motor-cyclist wears a DOT-Compliant helmet

B. What is the probability the motor-cyclist is DOT-Complaint given he is from NE

C. What is the probability the motor-cyclist is from NE given he is DOT-Complaint

Solution

Type of Helmet

Region DOT-Complaint Non-Compliant TOTAL

Northeast 96 62 158

Midwest 86 43 129

South 92 49 141

West 76 16 92

TOTAL 350 170 520

A. 350/520

B. 96/158

C. 96/350

MBA ZC417 Q UAN TI TA TIV E M ETHODS 3 BITS-Pilani

Question 2

A report finds that lie detector tests given to truthful persons have probability about 0.2 of

suggesting that the person is deceptive. A company asks 12 job applicants about thefts from

previous employers, using a lie detector to assess their truthfulness. Suppose all 12 answer

truthfully.

What is the probability that the lie detector says at least 1 is deceptive?

What is the mean number among 12 truthful persons who will be classified as deceptive?

What is the standard deviation of this number?

X ~ B(12, 0.2)

P(X >= 1) = 1 P(X = 0) = 12 0

(0.2) 0(0.8)12 =

Question 3

Patients arrive at the emergency room of Mercy Hospital at the average rate of 6 per

hour on weekend evenings. What is the probability of 4 arrivals in 30 minutes on a

weekend evening?

34 3

P( X = 4) = = 0.1680

4!

Question 4

A radar unit is used to measure speeds of cars on a motorway. The speeds are

normally distributed with a mean of 90 km/hr and a standard deviation of 10

km/hr. What is the probability that a car picked at random is travelling at more

than 100 km/hr?

X: Speed of a car

X ~ N(90, 10)

P(X > 100) = P(Z > (100 90)/10) = P(Z > 1) = 0.158

Question 5

A sample of 5 weeks of sales was collected. Develop a point estimate for m and s. If

successful week is defined as sales over 95, estimate the percentage of successful

weeks Week 1 2 3 4 5

Sales 94 100 85 94 92

1 94 1 1

Point Estimate for

2 100 7 49

m: is 93

3 85 -8 64

s: is (116/4) = 5.39

4 94 1 1

p: is 1/5 = 20%

5 92 -1 1

SUM 465 0 116

AVG 93

Question 6

Discount Sounds has 260 retail outlets throughout the United States. The firm is evaluating a potential

location for a new outlet, based in part, on the mean annual income of the individuals in the marketing area of

the new location. A sample of size n = 36 was taken; the sample mean income is $41,400. The population

standard deviation is estimated to be $4,500, and a 95% confidence interval is desired.

Std Error of the Mean: 4500/36 = 4500/6 = 750

Sampling Distribution: ~ N(0, 1)

750

For a 95% CI, Margin of Error: 1.96*750 = 1470

95% CI: (41400-1470, 41400+1470) = (39930, 42870)

Question 7

Political Science, Inc. (PSI) specializes in voter polls and surveys designed to keep political

office seekers informed of their position in a race. Using random surveys, PSI interviewers ask

registered voters who they would vote for if the election were held that day. In a current state

election campaign, PSI has just found that 220 registered voters, out of 500 contacted, favor a

particular candidate. PSI wants to develop a 95% confidence interval estimate for the

proportion of the population of registered voters that favor the candidate.

0.440.56

Estimate for Std Error of p: = = 0.0222

500

Np = 500*,44 = 220 >= 5 & nq = 500*.56 = 280 >= 5. Hence

Sampling Distribution: ~ N(0, 1)

0.0222

For a 95% CI, Margin of Error: 1.96*.0222 = 0.0435

95% CI: (40%, 48%)

MBA ZC417 Q UAN TI TA TIV E M ETHODS 9 BITS-Pilani

Question 8

The service goal of the EMS is to respond to medical emergencies with a mean time of 12 minutes or

less. The response times for a random sample of 40 medical emergencies were tabulated. The sample

mean is 13.25 minutes. The population standard deviation is believed to be 3.2 minutes. The EMS

director wants to perform a hypothesis test, with a .05 level of significance, to determine whether the

service goal of 12 minutes or less is being achieved.

Data: n = 40, = 13.25m, s = 3.2m, a = 5%

Right-Tail Test (or Upper Tail Test)

12

Sampling Distribution: Since n 30, = ~ N(0, 1)

3.2/ 40

13.25 12

Test Statistic: = 2.47

3.2/ 40

p value: P(Z > 2.47) = 1 0.9932 = 0.0068

Since p-value = 0.0068 < a = .05, we reject H0.

There is sufficient statistical evidence to infer that Metro EMS is not meeting the response goal of 12

minutes.

MBA ZC417 Q UAN TI TA TIV E M ETHODS 10 BITS-Pilani

Question 9

The national Safety Council claimed that 50% of the accidents would be caused by drunk

driving. A sample of 120 accidents showed that 67 were caused by drunk driving. Use these

data to test the NSCs claim at 5% significance level.

Data: n = 120, = 67/120 = 0.56, a = 5%

Two-Tail Test

0.5

np = 60 & nq = 60 5. So, Sampling Distribution: = ~ N(0,1)

0 (10 ) 0.50.5

120

0.56 0.5

Test Statistic: = 1.3158

0.0456

p value: 2*P(Z > 1.32) = 2*0.0934 = 0.1868

Since p-value > a, do not reject H0

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