RASHID HUSSAIN

(POST-RN) BSc. NURSING
Session 2009-10

BRAIN STORMING

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION
Brain-storming as the name suggests, implies storming of the brain, i.e. to evolve or generate a number of ideas and thought lines as quickly as possible without paying consideration about their validity and appropriateness. As a strategy it was popularized by AF Osborn (1963) through his writing ´Applied Imaginationµ.

INTRODUCTION

(cont«)

This strategy can be used with a group to explore a number of ideas related to a situation or solution of a problem without passing any judgment. It is specially useful for the development of higher cognitive abilities like reflective thinking , creative imagination, problemsolving, and helpful in the attainment of the learning objectives.

AIM:

AIM:
To enhance and share the basic knowledge about Brainstorming.

OBJECTIVES:
After the completion of presentation the participant will be able to:

OBJECTIVES:
After the completion of presentation the participants will be able to:

1.

Define the Brainstorming.

2. Explain the situation and causes of Brainstorming. 3. Describe the process of Brainstorming. 4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Brainstorming.

MEANING OF BRAIN-STORMING:

MEANING OF BRAIN-STORMING:
´A sudden clever plan or idea, violent disturbance of the mindµ.

DEFINITION OF BRAIN-STORMING:

DEFINITION OF BRAIN-STORMING:
´An informal activity in which people put forward any ideas that occur to them at the moment. After this, they re-consider the ideas and make decisions about their relevance and importanceµ.

WHEN TO USE BRAIN-STORMING?

WHEN TO USE BRAIN-STORMING?
Developing the solution definition, particularly in identifying alternative solutions.
$Identifying all potential risks on a project. $Developing the Work Breakdown Structure (identifying all the deliverables and work items). $Dealing with difficult problems that arise during the course of the project.

WHY USE BRAIN-STORMING?

WHY USE BRAIN-STORMING?
‡ Brainstorming can:

$break through traditional thinking about a problem. $generate new ways of thinking. $provide an environment for building on new ideas. $reduce the tendency to prematurely discard new ideas. $facilitate team building. $encourage team problem solving.

THE PROCESS OF BRAINSTORMING:

¨ Location:

¨ Room:

¨ Materials:

¨ To start with, a small group of students (say 10 to 15). ¨ Asked them to sit in a group ¨ Provided with a focus, e.g. a particular problem like, ´How to check truancy in our collegeµ.

(II) (I) No criticism Welcome unusual ideas

(IV) (III) Quantity Wanted Combine and improve ideas

¨ Present the problem.
¨ Allocate 3-5 minutes to write on the post-it notes ¨ Many ideas as possible ¨ one idea per note

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¨ Each person quickly writes their thoughts onto the post-it notes regardless of:
¨ how impractical, outrageous, extreme, crazy they may be (do not filter the ideas)

¨ Each person in turn sticks their post-it notes on the whiteboard, putting their note near to an idea that is similar to theirs. This should result in clusters of post-it notes representing similar ideas.

(cont«)

¨ Review the ideas by cluster. For each type of idea ask the group ´How could we make this work?µ Discuss each variation of the idea and refine to develop a possible solution.

¨ Write up a summary of each type of idea/solution presented. ¨ Determine an action plan for working through the ideas.

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¨ The action plan may be to test or further research the alternatives identified to select a shortlist of the most suitable solutions for further evaluation.

ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:

ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
Brainstorming has many benefits and advantages that include : You don't have to be a highly qualified expert or highly paid consultant to use it. Easy to understand - it's not a complicated technique.

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ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
It is inexpensive. If controlled properly it is a quick way of generating ideas. Encourages creative thinking and thinking "out of the boxµ.

(cont«)

ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
Generates ideas and solutions that can be used elsewhere. Provides an opportunity for widespread participation and involvement.

DIS-ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:

DIS-ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:

In a group participants have to listen to others and may spend time repeating their ideas until they get sufficient attention. Going through the protocol, processing and ordering the ideas can become a complex procedure. This also depends on the number and order of the generated ideas.

DIS-ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
(cont«)

Advising participants to let others speak without making them feel offended or intimidated can be difficult. Participants with the ability to express their ideas faster and more effective gain the general attention of the group.

DIS-ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
(cont«)

On the one hand, people are not very skilled at controlling their non-verbal reactions and might influence the creativity of others with their posture, gestures or facial expressions. On the other hand, attempting to control their non-verbal behavior might inhibit their own creativity.

DIS-ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING:
(cont«)

Can take too much time if the group is not properly controlled and is allowed to run for too long Raising expectations of the brainstorming group by considering ideas that will never be implemented.

SUMMARY:

SUMMARY:
Brainstorming is an excellent teaching strategy to generate ideas on a given topic. Brainstorming helps promote thinking skills. When pupil are asked to think of all things related to a concept, they are really being asked to stretch their thinking skills.

SUMMARY

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All to often, a pupil with special learning needs will say they don't know. However, with this technique, the pupil says what comes to mind as it relates to the topic. It promotes success for pupil with special needs as there is no one right answer.

REFERENCES:
Nursing Education 2003 BT Basvanthapa, Ch-15, p334,335. JAYPEE BROTHERS,MEDICAL PUBLISHERS(P)LTD,NEW DELHI. http://www.yourdictionary.com http://www.mondofacto.com/facts/dictionary http://www.managers-net.com/brainstorming.html http://wiki.answers.com/Q