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THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE

FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE


THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE
FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE

Abstract
This study defuse the crisis in a non-biodegradable thermoplastic
decomposition as well as an increase in construction materials to solve the
problem of accumulation of garbage. On the whole, this research study discusse
s the interests of the ecosystem and building construction to improve using
plastics in building materials. The building materials in the form of concrete use
manufacture plastic aggregate.
In this study used plastic pieces to mix concrete, where it replaces 5%
of fine aggregate, which is sand. It then undergoes an investigation to examine
whether it could pass the power or at least equal to the standard specification
of the concrete mix for the wall panels. Experiments that passes water test
content, density, slump tests, sieve analysis, compression test and bending test
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE
FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE

Introduction
Several studies have been conducted on the use of plastic waste in the ma
nufacture of concrete. International Journal of Scientific Publications: Materials, Metho
ds and Technology Volume 8, ISSN 1314-7269 (Online), Published: http://www.scientifi
c-publications.net. Under the heading "Use of Waste Recycling Plastic Bags In Concret
e", by Youcef Ghernouti, Bahia Rabehi, Brahim Safi and Rabah CHAID. The results of t
his study consolidate the idea of using PBW in construction, especially in the concret
e formula.
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE
FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE

Introduction
Then, the International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineerin
g and Technology Vol. 2, Issue 3, March 2013 Copyright for IJIRSET www.ijirset.com 68
7, entitled "Plastic Recycled Aggregate As Raw Materials For Concrete Structures", by
Praveen Mathew1, tests were conducted to determine the properties of the plastic ag
gregates such as density, weight the type and value destruction in the use of aggrega
tes in concrete production.
Basically, this study begins on concerns about the increasing number of pla
stic waste in the environment. Seeing this situation, plastic waste received special atte
ntion and concern from various parties in the field of environment and health.
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE
FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE

Research Purpose

Reducing plastic waste


Finding a way to process
that accumulate in the
plastic into a mixture of
environment optimally
concrete
and effectively.
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE
FOR CONCRETE MIXTURE

Research Methode

This research using experimental method, the test to water qua


lity agregat, gravitation spesification and water absorption agregat, fi
lter analysis, slump test, fabrication and maintenance of concrete in l
aboratory, density of cylinder speciment and flexibelity of concrete.
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE FOR
CONCRETE MIXTURE

Research Method

This research using experimental m


ethod, the test to water quality agr
egat, gravitation spesification and
water absorption agregat, filter anal
ysis, slump test, fabrication and mai
ntenance of concrete in laboratory,
density of cylinder speciment and fl
exibelity of concrete.
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE FOR
CONCRETE MIXTURE

Result and Discussion

Agregatte Water Quality

This research show that agr Flexibility


egatte plastic better than na
Pressure
tural agregatte as sand. This
is the test for concrete mixt Thermal
ure
. Gravity
Filter
THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE FOR
CONCRETE MIXTURE
A. Agregatte Water Quality
This table show the comparition between plastic aggregate and sand
1 1 2 2 3 3
INDICATOR
PLASTIC SAND PLASTIC SAND PLASTIC SAND

HUMIDITY

ORIGINAL WEIGHT+ CONTAINER (g) 70 61.5 59 55.5 63 64

DRY WEIGHT + CONTAINER (g) 70 59.5 59 54 63 62

HUMIDITY (g) 0 2 0 1,5 0 2

DRY WEIGHT (g) 49 38.5 33 33 46 40.5

CONTAINER HUMIDITY (g) 21 21 16.5 21 17 21.5

VALUE HUMIDITY (%) 0 5,19 0 4.55 0 4.94


THERMOPLASTIC EFFECT AS SOFT AGGREGATTE FOR
CONCRETE MIXTURE

B. FLEXIBILITY

The test from day 7th until 21th flexibility of concre


te speciment rised at day 21th to 3.57 Mpa. But at
day 28th speciment failed to reach maximum flexibi
lity of concrete. The cause is in mixture of ceme
nt, sand, pebble and water. Possibility to placed too
much water during assimilation f concrete.
EFFECT THERMOPLASTIC AS SOFT AGGREGATE
FOR MIXED CONCRETE

C. STRONG PRESS
The test showed that an increase every p
hase on 7, 15, 21 and 28 days. One of the two co
ncrete specimens obtained 19,56 MPa, the exceedi
ng line of specifications expected of 17.23 MPa.
On 28th days specimens reached 23.47 MPa and
16.07 MPa
EFFECT THERMOPLASTIC AS SOFT AGGREGATE
FOR MIXED CONCRETE

D. Analysis Temperature of Plastics Thermoplastics


Thermoplastic need heat to make them formable after cooli
ng to retain their shape. These materials can be heated and reform
ed into a new form on several times without any significant change
s in their character. Most of thermoplastics consist of very long mai
n chain of carbon atoms covalently. Sometimes nitrogen, oxygen or
sulfur atoms covalently also in the main molecular chain.
EFFECT THERMOPLASTIC AS SOFT AGGREGATE
FOR MIXED CONCRETE

E. Specific Gravity
An experiment is used to determine the density and absorption of
water by the soft aggregate in various mixtures.
F. Screening analysis
The first step is conduct a sieve analysis to determine the particle
size distribution from the soft and coarse aggregates. Researchers crushed p
ieces of thermal plastic to separate using sieve analysis. The particle size an
d the maximum size of the aggregate is important on research because of t
heir effect on the relative proportions influence, ability to work, the econom
y, and the porosity and shrinkage of aggregate.
EFFECT THERMOPLASTIC AS SOFT AGGREGATE
FOR MIXED CONCRETE

Conclusion
We can reduce plastic waste that have accumulated in the environment by converting
to a mixture of concrete to support the construction of the development. Through se
veral stages of the trial that is testing the water content of aggregates, specifications
gravity and water absorption aggregate, sieve analysis, slump test, manufacture and
maintenance of the concrete test specimens in the laboratory, the specimen cylinder
density, and flexibility.
It can be concluded that the researchers justify or support the use of thermoplastics (
plastic waste material) in concrete mix. Thermoplastic is economically feasible compar
ed with fine aggregate since the study focused only on material that was considered
waste and the so-called 'virgin' plastic which can be very expensive when change into
the sand. Value to the plastic will add jobs even for people who live in slums where
most of the plastic waste scattered..
Bibliography
International Journal from Ilmu Canggih Dan Teknologi.Vol.62, (2014), pp.31-
42.diterbitkan di: http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijast.2014.62.03

International Journal scientific publications : Bahan, Metode dan Teknologi V


olume 8, ISSN 1314-7269 (Online), Diterbitkan di :http://www.scintific-publica
tion.net

Journal of Research Innovative in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 2


, Edisi 3, Maret 2013 Hak Cipta untuk IJIRSET www.ijirset.com 687 , berjudul
Plastik Daur Ulang Sebagai Bahan Mentah Agregat Untuk Struktur Beton, k
arya Praveen Mathew1