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Forces Review

Force A push or a pull

exerted on an object
in order to change
the motion of the
object; force has
size and direction.
Newton (N) The SI unit for force.

Net Force
- The combination of
all of the forces acting
on an object.
Electric Force Force between
charged objects

Acts at a distance.
Magnetic Force Force that pulls or
pushes the magnets

Acts at a distance.
Friction A force that opposes
motion between two
surfaces that are in

Friction causes some

of the kinetic energy
to become heat
Balanced Forces - When the forces on
an object produce a
net force of 0 N.

- Balanced forces do
not cause a change
in motion of a
moving object.
Unbalanced Force - When the net force
on an object is not 0
- Unbalanced forces
produce a change in
motion, such as a
change in speed or
- Necessary to cause
a nonmoving object
to start moving.
When will an object at rest not An object at rest will
stay at rest?
stay at rest unless
acted upon by an
outside force.
When will an object in motion
not stay in motion?

An object in motion
will remain in motion
unless acted upon
by an outside force.
How do you determine the net If all forces act in the
force on an object if all
forces act in the same same direction, you
direction? must add the forces
to determine the Net

When do the forces acting on

an object cancel each If they are equal in
other? size and act in
opposite directions.
Inertia The tendency of all
objects to resist any
change in motion.
Forces Work in Whenever one object
Action/Reaction Pairs
exerts a force on a
second object, the
second object exerts
an equal and
opposite force on the
What puts objects
in motion?

A. Momentum
B. Force
C. Gravity
D. Acceleration
John enjoys riding his bike. He peddles with a
force of 200 N against a wind that exerts a
force of 50 N. The friction between the tires of
the bike and dirt road is 25 N. What is the net
force acting on Johns bike?

A. 75 N against the wind

B. 125 N against the wind
C. 150 N against the wind
D. 175 N against the wind
When two forces act in opposite directions

A. you subtract the smaller force from the

larger force to determine net force
B. you add the smaller force to the larger
force to determine net force
C. you multiply the smaller force and the
larger force to determine net force
D. you divide the smaller force and the
larger force to determine net force
_________________is determined
by combining forces.

A. friction
B. net force
C. Newton
D. speed
Gerald is learning how to shake using his
brothers in-line skates. He realizes that
there is a piece of rubber on the toe of the
skate that you drag to slow yourself down.
What force is causing Gerald to slow down?

Gravity and the Solar System
Watch the video explaining how our solar
system was formed. Draw a picture
above each description of the different
stages of formation.
Stephen Hawking - Formation of the Solar
Gravity is the driving force
Gravity - A force of attraction
between objects that
is due to their
- Acts at a distance.
-Can change motion
of an object by
changing its speed,
direction, or both.
Sir Isaac Newton Developed the law of
universal gravitation,
universal because it
applies to all objects
in the universe.
Gravity Affects Mass Equally Gravity is a result of
mass, so all matter is
affected by gravity.
Not a very powerful
Caused all planets
and moons to
become round.
Gravity Depends on Distance Gravitational Force
Decreases as
Distance Increases.
Gravity Depends on Mass Gravitational force
Increases as Mass
How does gravity differ from Gravity can act
between objects that
are not touching.
Free Fall When gravity is
pulling down and no
other forces are
acting on it.
Orbit When an object
travels around
another object in
Gravity is a force of attraction between
objects that is due to their masses. Which
of the following is true about gravity?

A. It exists only between Earth and the sun.

B. It exists between all objects in the
C. It affects only objects that touch.
D. It affects only large objects in space.
Why does Earths gravitational
force affect you more than the
suns does?

A. The difference is velocity.

B. The effect on Earths air
C. The difference in speed.
D. The difference in distance.
The gravitational force between 1 kg of lead
and Earth is
______________________________ the
gravitational force between 1 kg of
marshmallows and Earth.

A. Greater than
B. Less than
C. Equal to
D. None of the above
What happens to the gravitational
force between two objects that
move farther apart?

A. It increases.
B. It decreases.
C. It does not change.
D. It has no pattern.
Some forces, such as friction, are contact
forces. Contact forces can act only between
objects that are touching. Other forces, such
as gravity, can act at a distance. Which of the
following is an example of gravity acting at a

A. Your feet touch the ground while walking.

B. Balls eventually stop rolling.
C. Clothes stick together by static electricity
D. The planets orbit the sun.