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You are on page 1of 35

Created by

Haseena Banu

&

Neha Sharma

A

Behavioral objectives N

Circle in daily life

Circle in music

M

Circle in sports

Circle Diameter AB

C D

Centre O

Circumference Centre

Circular region

Radius E

P

Diameter

Chord B

Arc

Semicircle

Segments of a circle

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

The students will be able to :

1) define circle.

2) write the related terms of the circle.

3) give examples of circles.

4) construct circle with the help of circular objects.

5) establish relationship between radius & diameter and

chord & diameter, respectively.

6) take interest in demonstration of circle and its related

terms to the class.

7) review his/her knowledge for circle and its related

terms.

A circle

Many musical instruments have a circular surface.

For example:

A circle

A circle is a closed curve in a plane.

For example: A circle drawn with the help of a coin.

A circle is a closed curve

consisting of all points

A circle

in a plane which are at the

same distance (equidistant)

from a fixed point inside it.

Centre O

inside a circle is called

centre.

one centre.

A

Centre

A circle

O

A circle divides a plane into three parts.

3. Exterior of a circle

Centre

O

2. Interior of a circle

1. The circle

A plane

The interior of a circle together with its circumference

is called the circular region.

O Centre

p

A point on the circle

A line segment that joins any point on the circle to its centre

is called a radius.

(Contd)

(Contd)

Centre O

K

L

Radii ( plural of radius) of a circle are equal in length.

A

O Centre

A circle

B

A line segment that joins any two points on the circle and

passes through its centre is called a diameter.

(Contd)

(Contd)

M

A

A circle

C

O

Centre

D

N

Infinite number of diameters can be drawn in a circle.

are equal in length.

(Contd)

Diameter CD

C D

Radius OC O Radius OD

Centre

Radius OC = Radius OD

Diameter CD = Radius OC + Radius OD

The length of the diameter of a circle is twice the length of its

radius.

M is a point on the N is another point

circle on the circle

M

N

called a chord.

M

N

O

C D

Chord CD

Diameter CD

K

(Contd)

M N

Chord MN

O

C D

Diameter CD

K L

Chord KL

C D

M N

(Contd)

M N

Chord MN

G

O Centre

K

L

H

K L

O

Centre

circumference of a circle.

(Contd)

Naming an arc

X

Arc KXL

K L

O

Centre

points of the arc and the third one lies in between them.

(Contd)

X

Minor Arc KXL

K L

O

Centre

Y

An arc divides the circle into two parts: the smaller arc is

called the minor arc, the larger one is called the major arc.

(Contd)

An arc

An arc

S Semicircle

Arc DSE DSE

Diameter

D E

O

Centre

R Semicircle

Arc DRE DRE

Semicircle DSE

Semicircular region

O Diameter E

D

Centre

Semicircular region

Semicircle DRE

2 semicircular regions.

S

Minor segment of a circle

D E

Chord DE

Centre

O

Major segment of a circle

R

A chord divides the circular region into 2 parts, each of

which is called a segment of the circle. (Contd)

P Minor arc DPE

D E Minor segment of

Chord DE the circle

Centre

O

Major segment of the

circle

Major arc DQE Q

major arc and

the chord is called a minor

major segment.

Minor

Major segment does not the

contains contain theofcentre

centre of the circle.

the circle.

O

Centre

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle

O Centre

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle

Diameter DE

C D

O

Centre

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle

N

O

Centre

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle

D

O

Centre

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle

S

Semicircle DSE

Semicircle

Diameter

D E

O

Centre

Semicircle

Semi

Radius Diameter Chord Arc circle

1. what is the relation between radius and diameter of the

circle?

Sol .Radius=diameter/2

2. What is the relation between chord and diameter of the

circle?

Sol. Diameter is the longest chord.

3. In this figure

Is the semicircle AB also an arc ?

Sol. Yes

A .

O

B

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