You are on page 1of 35

SUBJECT : MATHEMATICS DATE : 22/10/2012

TOPIC : CIRCLE CLASS : VI

Created by
Haseena Banu
&
Neha Sharma
A
Behavioral objectives N
Circle in daily life
Circle in music
M
Circle in sports
Circle Diameter AB
C D
Centre O
Circumference Centre
Circular region
Radius E
P
Diameter
Chord B
Arc
Semicircle
Segments of a circle
BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES
The students will be able to :
1) define circle.
2) write the related terms of the circle.
3) give examples of circles.
4) construct circle with the help of circular objects.
5) establish relationship between radius & diameter and
chord & diameter, respectively.
6) take interest in demonstration of circle and its related
terms to the class.
7) review his/her knowledge for circle and its related
terms.
A circle
Many musical instruments have a circular surface.
For example:

A circle

Five rings in the logo of Olympic games

A circle is a closed curve in a plane.

A circle can be drawn with the help of a circular object.

For example: A circle drawn with the help of a coin.
A circle is a closed curve
consisting of all points
A circle
in a plane which are at the
same distance (equidistant)
from a fixed point inside it.
Centre O

This fixed point (equidistant)

inside a circle is called
centre.

one centre.
A

Centre
A circle
O

The distance around a circle is called its circumference.

A circle divides a plane into three parts.

3. Exterior of a circle

Centre
O
2. Interior of a circle

1. The circle
A plane
The interior of a circle together with its circumference
is called the circular region.
O Centre

p
A point on the circle

A line segment that joins any point on the circle to its centre
is called a radius.
(Contd)
(Contd)

Centre O

K
L
Radii ( plural of radius) of a circle are equal in length.

Infinite number of radius can be drawn in a circle.

A

O Centre
A circle

B
A line segment that joins any two points on the circle and
passes through its centre is called a diameter.
(Contd)
(Contd)
M
A

A circle
C

O
Centre
D

N
Infinite number of diameters can be drawn in a circle.

As the radii of a circle are equal in length, its diameters too

are equal in length.
(Contd)

Diameter CD
C D
Radius OC O Radius OD
Centre

Radius OC = Radius OD
Diameter CD = Radius OC + Radius OD
The length of the diameter of a circle is twice the length of its
radius.
M is a point on the N is another point
circle on the circle
M
N

called a chord.
M

N
O
C D
Chord CD
Diameter CD
K

(Contd)
M N
Chord MN

O
C D
Diameter CD

K L
Chord KL

C D
M N

(Contd)
M N
Chord MN
G

O Centre

K
L
H

K L

O
Centre

An arc is the distance between any two points on the

circumference of a circle.
(Contd)
Naming an arc
X
Arc KXL
K L

O
Centre

An arc is named by three points, of which two are the end

points of the arc and the third one lies in between them.
(Contd)
X
Minor Arc KXL
K L

O
Centre

Major Arc KYL

Y
An arc divides the circle into two parts: the smaller arc is
called the minor arc, the larger one is called the major arc.
(Contd)
An arc

An arc
S Semicircle
Arc DSE DSE

Diameter
D E
O
Centre

R Semicircle
Arc DRE DRE

A semicircle is also an arc of the circle. (Contd)

Semicircle DSE

Semicircular region
O Diameter E
D
Centre

Semicircular region
Semicircle DRE

The diameter of a circle divides it into

2 semicircular regions.
S
Minor segment of a circle

D E
Chord DE

Centre
O
Major segment of a circle

R
A chord divides the circular region into 2 parts, each of
which is called a segment of the circle. (Contd)
P Minor arc DPE

D E Minor segment of
Chord DE the circle

Centre
O
Major segment of the
circle
Major arc DQE Q

The part of the circular region enclosed by a minor

major arc and
the chord is called a minor
major segment.
Minor
Major segment does not the
contains contain theofcentre
centre of the circle.
the circle.
O
Centre

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle
O Centre

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle
Diameter DE
C D
O
Centre

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle
N

O
Centre

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle
D
O
Centre

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc Circle
S
Semicircle DSE

Semicircle
Diameter
D E
O
Centre
Semicircle

Semi
Radius Diameter Chord Arc circle
1. what is the relation between radius and diameter of the
circle?
Sol .Radius=diameter/2
2. What is the relation between chord and diameter of the
circle?
Sol. Diameter is the longest chord.

3. In this figure
Is the semicircle AB also an arc ?
Sol. Yes
A .
O
B