At the end of this presentation, the students should be able to :
Identify given surface texture symbols and explain their meanings Select the type of surface texture, given charts relating surface textures to applications, and attainable surface textures to manufacturing processes. Indicate on engineering drawings, surface textures as well as machining processes using standard ISO symbols.

Symbols Used for Indication of Surface Texture 4.Main Menu 1. When to Apply Surface Texture Symbols . Roughness grade numbers 3. Indication on Drawings 5. Introduction 2.

1. Introduction ‡ Two main reasons for surface finish control are: ‡ to reduce friction ‡ to reduce wear .

1.g.g. Introduction ‡ Factors to be considered in selecting surface finish: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ (i) function of the parts (ii) size (iii) type of loading (e. . temperature) (vi) physical characteristics of materials in contact (vii) type and amount of lubricant. fatigue) (iv) speed (v) operating conditions (e.

2 0. Roughness grade numbers (Boundy Page 46) Roughness Value (Ra) Qm Q in Roughness Grade Number N12 N11 N10 N9 N8 N7 N6 N5 N4 N3 50 25 12.4 0.8 0.2 1.2.6 0.1 2000 1000 500 250 125 63 32 16 8 4 micrometre = 10-6m = Qm = micron = 40 Qinch .5 6.3 3.

5 Same surface texture is required on all surfaces of the part . Symbols Used for Indication of Surface Texture (Table 1) S/No 1 Symbol Meaning asic symbol. µto be machined if necessaryµ.g. Removal of material is required 2 3 Removal of material is not permitted 4 Production method to be specified by indicating on the Hori ontal line extending out. Surface treatment or coatings are also included here. Needs to be accompanied by comments or Specifications e.3.

Refer to Boun y Table 1. 10 S e ifi ation of surfa e treatment/ oating a1 = roughness after coating a2 = ³ before ³ a1 = is specifie only if necessary . a may be in o g ne o g ne g a e n mbe .S/No S/No Symbol Meaning en one al e a i in i a e i e e en o g ne allo e . e ma im m al e o 6 7 en o al e a 1 an a2 a e in i a e a1 = ma im m ro g ne a2 = minim m ro g ne 8 re re en the sam ling length in mm 9 Direction of lay specifie .21. Page 50.

21. Table 1.Lay Symbols (Boundy. Page 50) ‡ Parallel Circular .

Table 1.21.Lay Symbols (Boundy. Page 50) ‡ Perpendicular Multidirectional .

21. Table 1. Page 50) ‡ Cross Radial .Lay Symbols (Boundy.

turned 5 2.5 .


the symbol may be drawn in any ‡ position. the symbol or arrow line shall be applied to the surface or its extension line from outside the material.(ISO 129). if it is not practicable. Indication on Drawing ‡ The symbol together with the inscriptions should be so orientated so that they can be easily read from the bottom or right side of the drawing. but only if it does not carry any indications of special surface texture characteristics.4. Nevertheless. . ‡ As a general rule. owever. the inscriptions of the symbol must be in accordance with ISO 129.

Fig.1. Page 46) Extension line Dimension line Leader line Surface .4. Indication on Drawing ‡ Application of the surface texture symbol (Boundy.73.

2b .2a Fig. Indication on Drawing ‡ (c) When the same surface is required on the majority of surfaces ‡ Fig.4.

3 0. Indication on Drawing ‡ (d) Simplified indication ‡ Fig.8 .8 0.8 0.4.

‡ Fig. if possible. on the view which carries the dimensions defining the size or position of the surface.4.4 . Indication on Drawing ‡ (e) The symbol is used only once for a given surface and.

5. When to Apply Surface Texture Symbols ‡ 5.g.1 Only if the application requires adequate specification of the surface quality. e. ‡ 5. and only on those surfaces which require it. sliding fits.2 The specification of surface texture is unnecessary whenever the ordinary manufacturing processes would normally give acceptable surface finish. .

18. Table 1. Page 47) turned .Application of surface texture symbol (Boundy.

18.Application of surface texture symbol (Boundy. Page 47) . Table 1.

Page 47) milled milled .18. Table 1.Application of surface texture symbol (Boundy.

Page 48) . Table 1.19.Standard roughness values (Boundy.

19. Table 1. Page 48) .Standard roughness values (Boundy.

Page 48) . Table 1.Standard roughness values (Boundy.19.

6 Qm.5. .5 C Indicate on Fig. (iii) Surface C is to be lapped to roughness value between 0.4 Qm. The direction of lapping is to be perpendicular to the plane of Fig.2 and 0. (ii) Surface B is to be ground to a roughness value of 1.Worked Example Worked Example A D B Fig.5 the following surface texture requirements using roughness grade numbers: (i) No material is to be removed from surface A. (iv) Surface D is to be machined if necessary.

Worked Example Worked Example Solution A D B C N5 N4 N7 ground lapped Fig.5 = to be machined if necessary .

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