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Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) With Index Modulation (IM


Presented By:
Azim Khan

Under the Guidance of:
Dr. Rajesh S. Bansode



Literature Survey

Summary of literature survey

Problem Definition



Block diagram of proposed system/execution steps

Maths in detail(Why)(flowghaph or algorithm steps)

Expected result


Presentation on analysis of Wireless
1 December 2017 2
Network under fading Channels


Wireless channels limitations?

What is MIMO system?

Why MIMO in communication system?

Capacity o f MIMO system

Aspirations of a MIMO system

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index
12/1/2017 3

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 4 Modulation . ICI and ISI & provide Multi-carrier Orthogonal Signals. • In this current work. where the performance of MIMO-OFDM system is used to achieve data rates (100 Mbps to 1 Gbps) for 4G wireless communication systems. • OFDM technique: reduced multipath fading. OBJECTIVE • MIMO System: High data rates & increased capacity. • BPSK Modulation: Long distance transmission & used in each block of IDFT/IFFT of MIMO-OFDM model for mapping data streams. comparison is done between BER vs SNR in MIMO-OFDM Systems using various modulation schemes.

a 802.11n – WiMAX – 802.16e (a.k. Why MIMO • Motivation: current wireless systems – Capacity constrained networks – Issues related to quality and coverage • MIMO exploits the space dimension to improve wireless systems capacity.16-2005) – 3G / 4G Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 5 Modulation . range and reliability • MIMO-OFDM – the corner stone of future broadband wireless access – Wi-Fi – 802.

MIMO) This utilizes MIMO technology to improve the performance towards a single user.MIMO) This enables multiple users to be served through the use of spatial multiplexing techniques. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 6 Modulation . • MU-MIMO (Multi User . Use multiple transmit and multiple receive antennas for a single user Forms of MIMO • SU-MIMO (Single User . MIMO Antenna Configuration • .

N) (amplitude & phase) and frequency selection Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 7 Modulation . MIMO Channel Matrix Example for 3 X 4 system: hij are complex Number of spatial streams numbers: a+jb equals rank(H) ≤ min(M.

How MIMO Works Example for 3 X 3 system: Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 8 Modulation .

Form of signal modulation that divides a high data rate modulating stream placing them onto many slowly modulated narrowband close-spaced subcarriers. • Basic Idea of OFDM: .Theory completed in 1960’s.To improve spectral efficiency . WLAN(802.High speed processing hardware • Solution: MIMO-OFDM with index modulation .11a).First proposal-1950’s . Introduction to OFDM System • Origin of OFDM: .OFDM for Terrestrial Video broadcasting in Europe and Japan ADSL. • Challenges: .DFT implementation proposed in 1970’s .Europe adopted OFDM for digital radio broadcasting in 1987 .Efficient bandwidth utilization .Economical Signal Processing algorithms .

Introduction to OFDM Systems Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 10 Modulation .

OFDM Modulation • A QAM symbol is modulated onto each subcarrier. Frequency Domain Time Domain D/A QAM Cyclic S/P IFFT P/S and Mapping Prefix RF (a) Time Domain Frequency Domain RF Strip QAM and cyclic S/P FFT FEQ P/S decoding A/D prefix (b) . • IFFT/FFT are used for efficient modulation and demodulation .

Types of OFDM • C-OFDM (coded-OFDM) • MIMO-OFDM (multi input –multi output) • V-OFDM (vector-OFDM) • W-OFDM(wide-OFDM) • Flash-OFD Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 12 Modulation .

• Pilot sub-carriers used to prevent frequency and phase shift errors. OFDM Overview • Divides high-speed serial information signal into multiple lower-speed sub-signal. Synchronization • Modulate by switching between time and frequency domain Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 13 Modulation . Transmits simultaneously at different frequencies in parallel. • Usage of cyclic prefix for lower multi-path distortion • Controlled overlapping of bands in one channel • Max spectral efficiency (Nyquist rate) • Easy implementation using inverse FFTs • Easy time-freq.

The two promising forms of IM concepts: 1.OFDM with IM(OFDM-IM): The indices of the subcarriers of an OFDM systems. but also by the indices of active subcarrier which are activated according to the incoming information bits. Transmit information not only by M-ary constellation symbols. 2. Applied for both in phase and quadrature components of the subcarriers . Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 14 Modulation .Spatial modulation: The indices of the transmit antennas of MIMO systems. The indices of the building blocks of considered communication systems are used to convey additional information bits. Index Modulation It is a novel digital modulation technique with high spectral and energy efficiency.

while the remaining inactive subcarrier are not used and set to zero. OFDM with Index Modulation • IM concepts for OFDM subcarriers. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 15 Modulation . • OFDM IM is a novel multicarrier transmission scheme which has been proposed by inspiring from the concept of spatial modulation. • Only a subset of a available subcarriers are selected as active.but also by the indices of the active subcarriers which are used for the transmission of the corresponding data symbols. • The information is conveyed not only by the data symbols as in classical OFDM .

MIMO-OFDM with index modulation Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 16 Modulation .

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 17 Modulation . of receiving antennas. • If the data is transmitted at a rate of R ≤ C. R S ≤ W. • Spectral Efficiency: no. SHANNON’S CHANNEL CAPACITY(C) • Given a unit of BW (Hz). • For MIMO the capacity is given by the following equation: C = log 2 [det(IM + p/N H H*) b/s/Hz]. of bits transmitted per second per Hz R x RS bits/s/Hz W • As a result of filtering/signal reconstruction requirements. the max error-free transmission rate is C = log2(1+SNR) bits/s/Hz • R: data rate (bits/symbol).RS: symbol rate (symbols/second) W: allotted BW (Hz).(NR). no. which causes arbitrarily low Pe.NR).of transmitting antennas.(NT)-no. Hence Spectral Efficiency = R if RS = W.M=min(NT. M(orN)-min.

R. The sample time at the transmitter is The sample time(Ts) at the P.The sampling frequency transmitter can be increase above .Fs=700KHz is set to be set.2013 Evaluation of Now Ts=4. design SLM decreases from 0. A using other mapping technique to Bansode.842 to 0. 4 x 4 MIMO data rate=21Mbps. data rate of 90 Mbps is achieved …………… using QPSK at the code rate of ½ using Spatial … Multiplexing & BER achieved up to 10^-6.762e^-008. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 18 Modulation . Literature Survey Ref. So final data rate Transceiver achieved=54*4=216Mbps at System using Fs=1. of 8x8 up to 9dB and decreases abruptly later on.427 and PAPR using spatial multiplexing & BER September system using Probability with SLM decreases from 0. Design.1MHz(i. Sarode Simulation Ts=8. change the sampling 54Mhz to achieve data rate more than Mishra Performance frequency to 21MHz. K. Author Paper title Performance/ Results Remark / No. difference of PAPR reduction levels in two achieve data rate above 90Mbps G. (Year) Gaps Found [1] R. can be achieved upto 10^-7.942 to 0.B. 216Mbps using 8x8 MIMO-OFDM . OFDM techniques is achieved.Bansode. PAPR Probability without using 16-QAM at the code rate of 1/3 D.Ts=54MHz.8MHz.333333334e^-006. 16 QAM …………… …………….Gondhale Realization For SLM system.e 0. 2014 FPGA veritex PAPR reduction using SLM technique is achieved a 5 5dB reduction in comparison to the model using non …………… SLM technique.Fs=21e006=21MHz so that with QPSK system.1Mbps). [2] B. the PAPR probability is constant PAPR can be reduce below 5dB kar.Karande. and Fs=0.Patil.

..FFT Size=256 size can be increase to 512 to matlab…... with Index Modulation Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 19 Modulation .. Orthogonal Very high mobility case at 3 dB SNR.3) at 3dB Sarankumar Reduction at BER=10^-2... R.Jain simulation simple OFDM by: 10 ^-1 at 0dB SNR for simple with 16-QAM using viterbi algorithm P. Very high mobility achieves Division better BER compared to zero Multiplexing mobility case. Bit Error From figure 2.. Literature Survey Ref.SNR=24dB. better BER(more than10^1.....The proposed method used the number of subcarrier(>>58) and FFT technique in number of subcarrier=58..... above the 10^-3. Gupta.. [4] Neethu M. improve the BER performance . In mobility case. Rate classical OFDM but with OFDM-index BER=10^-2. Bit error rate Viterbi algorithm improves the accuracy compare to The performance of MIMO OFDM A.SNR=13dB with Very high mobility can achieves S. SNR. SNR compared to zero Using From figure 4 .. the bit error Frequency rate (BER) is 10^1...plotted for the BER Vs.3.K. Author Paper title Performance/ Results Remark / No...Singodiy using 16 OFDM and 10^-3 at 0dB SNR for proposed method can be can be improved using more QAM (Convolution OFDM).. (Year) Gaps Found [3] SNR is improved here.

from Matlab from 0 m/s to 50 m/s. Singh . Rician m/s. The data rates can be increased & Basar.32 & k=4.In Rayleigh fading. amount of fading is increased in the signal applications) system. Literature Survey Ref. Performance Here for both cases (Rayleigh & Rician) the A generic model(like nakagami P. Fading envelop. Poorz. when the mobile velocity is increased Models using In rician fading . Modulation System exhibits improved BER for high SNR values Vincent …………… at decrease in spectral efficiency.16.. which is due to the presence of line-of-sight path in the Rician channel. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 20 Modulation . Multiplexing BER improvement compare to classical OFDM achieved using MIMO-OFDM with Erdal with Despite increase data rate n=8.while Eb/No=45dB for the BER can be increased up to 10^-6 Umit Division classical OFDM. in which less D. [6] Ertugrul Orthogonal At a BER value of 10^-5 with (N=4. In both cases (Rayleigh and Rician fading model) . model) is to be developed for fading Gupta .e.the outage probability in the Rician fading channel is lower than that of the Rayleigh fading channel. the amount of the fading is from 0 m/s to 50 m/s) Simulation increased in the signal envelop. As the speed is increased . Rayleigh and as the speed of the user is increased from 0 m/s to 50 in mobile communication (vehicular the speed of the user is increased (i. S.3 volt . Analysis of threshold is set to set to 2. Frequency OFDM-IM the. the outage probability increases with the increase of the velocity of the moving object. MIMO-OFDM-IM shows 6dB & more than 7dB improvement is Aygolu¨.. and H.k=2) MIMO. Eb/No=39dB. Author Paper title Performance/ Results Remark / No. (Year) Gaps Found [5] S. Kumar .the BER index modulation.2012 …………. more of the fading variation can be obtained Chauhan Channel signal goes below the threshold. Panayırcı y Index improves for MIMO-OFDM-IM.

eff. Literature Survey Ref. [8] Youngw A Tight At BER=10^-4. mobility.. at iv) implementation scenario for high BER=10^-5. (beyond 10dB) OFDM with eff...52 bits/s/Hz..the . Joint OFDM-4QAM.spec.K=3) with MIMO-OFDM-IM..MCIK-OFDM-BPSK system. Still with MIMO-OFDM-IM 8x8 system BER is improved by 10 dB than classical MIMO-OFDM.64).. Modulation With MIMO-OFDM-IM BER is improved by 10 dB ii) Selection of optimum N and K .whereas for MIMO-OFD-IM.MCIK-OFDM-BPSK further by making Average BER Oct.inituitily.76 bits/s/Hz.=15. QPSK(M=4).5dB for MCIK-OFDM-4QAM..n)=(2....64).52 bits/s/Hz.while for (N.SNR=35dB. BER can be improved above 10^-5 2015 Output ..MCIK.SNR=30dB using same configuration... (Year) title Gaps Found [7] Ertugrul Multiple.and 35dB for (N.spec.=15.iii) diversity techniques for .....SNR=29.Avg BER Multi. decreases from the 3dB to within 1dB as SNR Carrier increases.. i) performance analysis.spec..32)...n)=(2.76 bits/s/Hz.obtained lowest SNR=27dB for OFDM and (N. BER=10^-5. With classical MIMO-OFDM(N=4.SNR=30dB.(n.32).K=4) Basar. lower than 10^-3(or SNR< 27dB) 2014 Bit Error system.spec. values..whereas for MIMO-OFD-IM... ...SNR=20dB using same The following points has to be solved Index configuration....21 Input BPSK(M=2)8x8 system using MMSE detector... at with 16-QAM(M=3)16x16 system.. .8x8 system using MMSE detector. With classical MIMO-OFDM(N=4.. Upper Symbols)=(4.. eff.For small N. technique and SIM(subcarrier index modulation).n)=(4.=7.SNR=27dB for (N-Sub carrier. The accuracy can be improved ook Ko.. Author Paper Performance/ Results Remark / No.SNR=30dB. Bound on system...=7..MCIK-OFDM-BPSK using the higher order (16-QAM) Rate of . The accuracy improves further when Avg Index Presentation BER lower on MIMO-OFDM than the 10^-3 & N(or n)with Index (n decreases 12/1/2017 21 Keying Modulation OFDM gets increases).. eff.K=2) with Using MIMO-OFDM-IM(N=6. than classical MIMO-OFDM. october Multiple.

5db using sinanovic and Index QAM.AED-OFDM. 0.2).August n decrease BER below 21dB.37017 & and Wei Modulatio performance.the BER=21dB & OFDM-IM MED(minimum Euclidian distance) Ping Yang. Author Paper Performance/ Results Remark / No. the AED(average Wang.0849.3717.. the Eb/No1/dB)=23. Subcarrier. technique. Which causes. Using 16-QAM with OFDM-ISIM Shunshun With diff=0. Literature Survey Ref.the Eb/No(1/dB)=23.AED-OFDM-IM=1.MED-OFDM-IM=0.2014 ………… ISIM with 16-QAM can be used ………… find difference is BER performance above 4dB. QPSK(4. higher level 512.0849 respectively. OFDM For QPSK(4.BER=10^-5 OFDM Thus Eb/no(1/dB) can be more tsonev.2011 n (SIM) ………… ………. (Year) title Gaps Found [9] Yue Xiao.3). Index QPSK(4.5 & SIM-OFDM-256 reduced beyond 23. sinan Subcarrier 256 QAM.3) .the BER=25dB.0828.3291 .so the difference is 4dB in can be reduced beyond 1. The . [10] Dobroslav Enhanced At L(subcarrier Indices)=2. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 22 Modulation .QAM harald Modulatio haas. Lilin Interleaved AED-OFDM-ISIM=0.5 is improved.Using OFDM-ISIM Euclidian distance) & Dan.La=1. Xiang. Xia Lei.

(m)....eff..5 & Eb/No(enhances LLR)=17. Long Zhao. System [12] Miaowen Optimizing For L(subcarrier indices)=4.1%...5dB for Interleaved i.7/1.2014 n Eb/No(LLR)=20. Xiang the Energy gain is found when comparing interleaved grouping increased beyond 4dB using other Cheng... Index grouping & Localized grouping. carrier 1.upto 3dB The energy efficiency can be Wen. Chengcheng Selecting and LLR respectively.... Sub.5db.the ...1%.the Eb/No=4dB n For OFDM-IM at spect.5dB.e) m≥1. further below the 17. Modulatio For L(subcarrier indices)=8. ed when BER=0. Literature Survey Ref. Generaliz Enhanced ED curves shows. BER=0.. The performance of OFDM-IM with L(Subcarrier Indices)=4. and Efficiency with localized grouping....Interleaved grouping & Localized grouping .3dB gain between the enhanced ED & ED. The BER & SNR can analysed At BER=10^-2 the ED using the rician fading channels...the with reduce no of active subcarrier Yang.. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 23 Modulation .e. The BER and Eb/No can be reduced Zhang...QPSK is detoriated when number of active subcarrier (i. (Year) title Gaps Found [11] Wenfang Li..ED(Eb/No)=22. forms of Interleaving technique & Liuqing of OFDM For OFDM-IM at spect.eff..& Eb/No=12/7.9/1.2014 with Eb/No=13/7dB. Eb/No=4dB....=1. Wang..=1.5dB gain between the enhanced LLR and LLR. respectively. about 3dB gain is obtained The BER performance can be made Hui Zhao.5 & Scheme in so concluding that BER performs worse when the when OFDM n increases.m=1 and QPSK. 8 PSK.. When the group size(n=8..& 1dB gain between enhanced LLR better using lower value of n &k.k=5). Renyuan Modulatio Enhanced(Eb/No)=20.5(bps/Hz).5..2(bps/Hz). Author Paper Performance/ Results Remark / No..

Modulatio with G(4..5dB reduced below 25dB for high order & L....4-QAM... Subcarrier..7). With QPSK..N=2048 subcarrier.SNR=28dB SIM(4..e 10^-4) Will It Work? At BER=10^-3. and CP length=64..comparing the BER &OFDM-ASIM by improving the Ping Yang.10). At BER=10^-3.April n Aided SIM(16. Literature Survey rate of 3. for OFDM over OFDM-ASIM at BER=10^-2...The ED can Lan Peng.32 for the SSA Algorithm. Subcarrier The proposed OSA & SSA algorithm provide 3dB The SA algorithm outperformed Yue Xiao.the SNR can be S.0 bits/s/Hz . with Index performance of SSA....4-QAM.1).2dB Eb/No gain be more improved using the and Shaoqian n compared with OFDM-ISIM & 5dB Eb/No gain integration of MIMO-aided OFDM Li. from 2 to 4 the adv.0 bits/s/Hz BER can be reduced below 2016 OFDM .. Is reduce by 1dB. Of SSA algorithm.when L(modulation order) is increased .N=2048 subcarrier.. for OFDM-ASIM & OFDM-ISIM ED(Euclidian distance)..3).SNR=30dB Subcarrier index modulation.8-PSK.. [14] N.32-PSK. at N=32... Author Paper Performance/ Results Remark / No... ..SNR=32dB At BER=10^-3.. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 24 Modulation .OFDM.7)... (Year) title Gaps Found [13] Qianli Ma.SNR=25dB SIM( rate of 2..OFDM.8-PSK. compared with OFDM-ASIM when BPSK is employed.the SSA exhibits 1.64-QAM.SNR=36dB..8-PSK. Sugiura Index SIM(8. Allocation Eb/No gain over OFDM-ISIM and 6dB Eb/No gain compared with the OFDM-ISIM Lilin Dan.2016 . –IM and coordinate interleaving . And Hanzo. and CP length=64.4-QAM.. based OFDM-IM techniques.SNR=30.3).. 10^-3(i.13). Ishikawa.complexity graph of OSA & SSA algorithm.SNR=26dB SIM(16.SNR=30dB.. Modulatio SIM(16.the OSA complexity=2x10^17 .

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 25 Modulation . Summary of Literature Survey To build a prototype of Next generation wireless WAN’s with MIMO-OFDM index modulation system encoded at ½ rate using set of Viterbi algorithms with 64 size FFT and techniques to analyze the BER performance and replicate it as a practical implementation through simulations.

• Using Subcarrier allocation-SSA algorithms for Subcarrier Allocation for OFDM with Index modulation to achieve lowest BER and higher data rate. Scope of the Project • Coupling MIMO and OFDM with interleaved subcarrier index modulation concepts to improve data rates(100Mbps to 1Gbps) in downlink of wireless communication networks to send any type of data at higher speed and high level of security making modification in MIMO-OFDM with index modulation. • MIMO OFDM based system with interleaved subcarrier index modulation is employed for the Wireless networks to send information.can actively work with any application at high speed. • Analyzing the BER performance and building a prototype of Wireless WAN’S using MIMO-OFDM with interleaved subcarrier modulation. to download data & vidoes. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 26 Modulation .

• Phase 4:To test the system MIMO-OFDM system with interleaved subcarrier index modulation for new parameters definitions. • Phase 5:Simulate the tested MIMO-OFDM system using interleaved subcarrier modulation using Matlab R2015. • Phase 6:To Execute the MIMO-OFDM system using interleaved subcarrier modulation for obtaining the required data rate(100Mbps-1Gbps). • Phase 3:To analyze MIMO-OFDM system with interleaved subcarrier index modulation o achieve BER=10^-7 for the data rate(100Mbps to 1Gbps) based on the parameters with the existing system and find out the gaps.for BER=10^-5 is designed and implemented • Phase 2: Design MIMO-OFDM with interleaved subcarrier index modulation to simulate to achieve BER=10^-6 for data rates (100 Mbps to 1 G bps). Problem Definition • Phase 1: Design a prototype high level Matlab Simulink 8 x 8 spatially multiplexed MIMO OFDM transceiver encoded at ½ rate using 1024 size FFT. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 27 Modulation .

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 28 Modulation . • Drametic changes in the design of different layers of 4G communication systems are invitable. • High data rates • Better quality of service • Fully mobile and connected • New solution beyond LTE-A is required.  The increasing demands for. • 4G based MIMO OFDM index modulation system will achieve 10 times higher  Spectral efficiency  Energy efficiency • Developing efficient network protocols for a MIMO PHY layer is an area of open research. Motivation for Project • MIMO OFDM Systems with subcarrier index modulation are capable of getting data rate closer to the 1Gbps landmark.

16-QAM. Technologies needed • STTD (space time transmit diversity) • SM (spatial multiplexing) • AMC (adaptive modulation & coding) with modulation techniques such as QPSK. 64-QAM H-ARQ (Hybrid automatic repeat request) • Shared access and MAC (medium access control) used for scheduling packet access with Qos Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 29 Modulation .

8 15.6 4/5 12. Comparison of technologies Modulation Turbo coding rate Peak throughput QPSK STTD Mode SM Mode 1/2 3.4 36.2 4/5 18.6 2/3 10.2 24.9 2/3 5.4 12.3 10.3 20.9 Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 30 Modulation .1 30.4 64-QAM 2/3 15.7 16-QAM 1/2 7.9 7.7 4/5 6.

• However there are still interesting as well as challenging research problems need to be solved in order to further improve the efficiency of IM schemes. Conclusion • IM is an upcoming concepts for spectral and energy efficient next generation wireless communication systems to be employed in 4G system. • IM techniques can provide interesting trade-offs among error performance. Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 31 Modulation . • We conclude that IM scheme can be considered as possible candidates for spectral and energy efficient 5G wireless networks. complexity and spectral efficiency. • Spatial modulation and MIMO-IM systems are two popular applications of the IM concepts.

“Enhanced Subcarrier Index Modulation (SIM) 2012.pp.Peng.vol.ISSN:1070-9908.X.S. [2] E. 2259 . Lei.pp. “OFDM With Interleaved Subcarrier-Index Modulation.”International IEEE Signal Processing Letters. “Subcarrier Allocation for OFDM with Index.pp.Yang.& W.Aug.pp. “Multiple-Input Multiple-Output OFDM with Index Modulation.Haas.P. [4] D.ISSN:1089-7798. [5] Y. 2014.18.Wen.Ma.Xiao.Wang. vol.”International IEEE Communications Letters. 2015.728-732.”International IEEE Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS).2016 Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 32 Modulation .“Optimizing the Energy Efficiency of OFDM with Index Modulation.18. Yang .1450 .31-35.L. References [1] E.Baş ISSN:978-1-4799-5832-0.Cheng.Nov.2014.”International 2011 IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops.7 . Başar.Dec.4741-4746.Xiao.20.pp.ISSN:2166- 0077. Li.ISSN :1930-529X . 1447 .& S.pp.Sinanovic & H.” International IEEE Communications Letters. S. [6] Q. 2011.2263 . & L.no12.ISSN:1089-7798 .Yang.“Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with index modulation.vol. 1469 – 1472.Oct.” International Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM).Dan. [3] M. X.Tsonev. Jul. Xiang.Dan.

Presentation on MIMO-OFDM with Index 12/1/2017 33 Modulation .