You are on page 1of 1

Human Chest Expansion Simulator

Lucia M. Grilli, ME, Thomas R. Blanda, BME, Brenna E. Doyle, ME,
Cristina De la Torre, BME, Samantha C. Rowell, ME
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The Pennsylvania State University

Objective: To design and build a system Final Design
that simulates the expansion of the human
chest during breathing. This chest simulator
will aid in the design of wearable energy

Model of Human Torso Model of Human Tissue Actuation Method

Motor Mechanism

Mannequin Geometry
Cuts were made in the mannequin along the lines
shown. These slits allow for the torso to expand
similarly to the human rib cage.

● The motor will be connected to a circular plate such that the plate rotates with the same angular velocity
as the motor.
● The plate will have four extending metal arms, two on each side, with attachment points on the plate
sitting anteriorly and posteriorly with respect to the mannequin. The extending arms will make contact
with an aluminum plate on the inside of the mannequin chest (not pictured here) through pipe collars.
● Upon rotation of the motor in a clockwise direction, the arms will displace the torso through a
mechanical load driven by the torque supplied by the rotary motor (as pictured above).

Chest Displacement Test: This test was used to obtain the displacement of the chest and frequency of breathing at different levels
of activity. This information was used to calculate angular frequency, RPM, and a sinusoidal response that is used to program the motor.
String Potentiometer Box Steps at
System Different BPM Displacement Data Obtained During Sinusoidal Fits

Skin Hardness Test Results: Used a force gage to measure the amount of force needed to compress the tissue. A stress vs. strain
graph was created to determine elastic moduli of tissues. Converted elastic moduli into Shore A Hardnesses to select a proper material.

Apparatus used in Measured force used to determine stress, while displacement of belt was Equation used to determine Shore A Hardness
testing used to calculate the strain from elastic modulus
S= 100*erf((3.186*10^-4)*(E^(½))