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Anthropometry

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What is anthropometry?

From Greek word


anthropos = man or human
metron = measure

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What is anthropometry?

The science of measurement and


the art of application that
establish the physical geometry,
mass property and strength
capability of the human body

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Anthropometric data

Used to specify dimensions of


workspaces, equipment, furniture,
clothing so as to fit the task to the
man
Avoid mismatches between the
dimension of equipment, products to
the user.

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Why Anthropometric Data
Important?

Optimize the dimensions of a diverse


range of items. Example, length of
toothbrushes, size of toolkits, size of
clothes for Malaysian others.
Good example is T-shirt size Large
for Malaysians maybe size Small for
New Zealand Rugby club.

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Types of Anthropometric
Data

Structural Anthropometric Data


Functional Anthropometric Data
Newtonian Anthropometric Data

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Structural (Static)
Anthropometric Data
Measurements of the bodily dimensions
of subjects in fixed (static) position.
Dimension from one fix point to another
/ Proportional dimension of body
segment
Best for designing task involving static
posture.
For designing products, tools,
equipment etc
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Functional (Dynamic)
Anthropometric Data
Movement of a body part with respect to a fixed
reference point.
Example
Workspace envelopes (maximum reach around an
operator)
Joint range of motion (ROM).
Zone of easy / maximum reach
These types of data are few compare to structural
data.
More appropriate for dynamics task
Some application workspace design, location of
control etc

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Newtonian
Anthropometric Data
Data used in mechanical analyses of the
loads on the human body, and forces
Body is consider as assemblage of linked
segments of known length and mass.
Example of data Muscle strength data,
including posture
Example of usage is for determining the
suitable positions for displays and controls
may be optimally positioned.

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Ma Ceh

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