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Materials used in ship

building
Doctor : Mahmut Savas
It is means of public transport humans and cargo above
the water used by human since ancient times to navigate
over water bodies and is a modern trade and transport
columns. Despite the industry of iron Top density of water
and weight and the load of up to tens of thousand of tons,
they float above the surface of the water because of the
momentum generated by the internal spaces of the vessel
filled with air or lighter density of the water liquid, which
makes the relative overall density of the ship less Float
density of water above the water surface
Parts of a ship
Some of the causes of the sinking of ships
There are two ways of sinking
1- vertical (as happened 2- Coup ship (on one side)
with the Titanic)
Material issues relating to construction of
ship

1 - Strength
2 - Weldability
3 - Toughness
4 - Marine Corrosion
5 - Formability
6 -The Cost
Strength
There are 3 main types of stress:(Tensile / Tensioning)
(Compressive / Compression) (Shear) to handle
both loading scenarios (stiffness and ultimate
strength, based on length)
Weldability
Welds in a ship structure are also very critical to its
overall strength, durability, and toughness. Even small
defects in weldments can create the initiation point for
considerably larger cracks and eventual failure
Toughness
must be able to deform plastically to some extent, and
tolerate cracks and flaws while maintaining overall
structural integrity
Marine Corrosion
There are various materials options, design strategies,
coating, and cathodic protection technologies
available to the designer and shipbuilder
Formability
formability of the grade impacts toughness,
weldability, and strength
The Cost
Choosing the cheapest material in the construction
phase cannot be a considered a success if the decision
requires a significant increase in construction labor or
creates a maintenance nightmare during the 30 to 50
year
The influence of some force ships

350
300
250
Mpa

200
150
100
50
0
Torsion yield strength Tensile strength
Neglect the Torsion and yield strength
because the tensile strength greater
Now I will choose the materials of
charts M. F. Ashby For ship
Strength Density
use Line ( f^1/2/ ) strong plates
I know that tensile strength over (340 Mpa).
Candidate Materials :
CFRP
Steels
Ti alloys
Al alloys
Ceremics
are quite light and very stiff but their poor tensile
strength
Strength of materials
1200

1000
Mpa

800

600

400

200

0
CFRP Steel Ti Alloys AL Alloys
Young Modulus Strength
use Line (f^2/E) elastic energy
storage per unit volume
tensile strength over (340 Mpa)
Candidate Materials :

CFRP

Steels

Ti alloys

Al alloys
Young Modulus of material
200

150
CFRP
Gpa

100 Steels
Ti Alloys
Al Alloys
50

0
Fracture Toughness Strength
use Line (Kc^2/f) Leak before break
tensile strength over (340 Mpa)
Candidate Materials :

CFRP

Steels

Ti alloys

Al alloys
Fracture Toughness of material

120

100
CFRP
80
Steels
Mpa

60 Ti Alloys
Al Alloys
40

20

0
Strength Relative Cost
tensile strength over (340 Mpa)
Cost of materials

600

500
CFRP
400
Steels
Ti Alloys
300
Al Alloys
200

100

0
Table Comparison of material is
best to choose
Comparison
E K Cost
CFRP 1100 180 70 600
Steels 1200 200 110 50
Al alloy 700 69 50 30
Ti alloy 1000 103 102 300
The best metal for ships is steel
Any Questions
Thank you and
have a great day
everyone!