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Under the Guidance of : R.P.

SINGH SIR

GROUP MEMBERS:
IRAM FATIMA(1412031021)
POOJA SINGH(1412031033)
SAUMMYA PANDEY(1412031044
SUNIDHI DUBEY(1412031051)
INTRODUCTION
ENERGYMETER
PREPAID ENERGYMETER
BLOCK DIAGRAM
RFID INTRODUCTION
COMPONENTS
POWER SUPPLY UNIT
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
APPLICATIONS
ADVANTAGES
FUTURE INTEGRATION
CONCLUSION
The present system of energy metering as well as billing in india
uses electromechanical and some where digital energy meter.
It consumes more time and labour.
One of the prime reasons is the traditional billing system which
is inaccurate.
Many times slow, costly, and lack in flexibility as well as
reliability.
Today accuracy in electricity billing is highly recommended.
The smart energy meter gives real power consumption as well as
accurate billing.
It provides real time monitoring of electricity uses.
An energy meter is a device that measures the amount
of electrical energy consumed by a residence, business,
or an electrically powered device.
Electric meters are typically calibrated in billing units,
the most common one being the kilowatt hour.
A scheme of Electricity billing system called
PREPAID ENERGY METER can facilitate in
improved cash flow management in energy utilities
and can reduces problem associated with billing
consumer living in isolated area and reduces
deployment of manpower for taking meter readings.
When the purchased units are used up by the
meter disconnects the power supply until the
next recharge.The system will automatically
notify the consumer to recharge before zero
balance; unit recharge will be done by the
RFID.
Cost effective pay as you use
Accuracy
Better energy management.
Better operational efficiency as no need
manpower for meter reading
Prepaid energy meter has many advantages both from
Suppliers as well as consumers point as follows:-
Why prepayment ?
No bill production
for No bill distribution
No need to chase payments
Load and demand side management
Power
supply Lcd

microcont
roller
relay
GSM module

Energy meter
load

RFID
reader
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic
identification method, relying on storing and remotely
retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or
transponders. The technology requires some extent of
cooperation of an RFID reader and an RFID tag.

RFID CARD RFID CARD READER


A basic RFID system consists of three components:
a) An antenna or coil
b) RFID Reader
c) A transponder (RF tag)
Automatic Vehicle identification
Inventory Management
Work-in-Process
Container/ Yard Management
Document/ Jewellery tracking
Patient Monitoring
GSM MODULE

MICROCONTROLLER(AT89S52)
LCD(LIDUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY)

MAX232
RFID READER

RELAY
VOLTAGE REGULATOR

ENERGYMETER
Electric Meter, or Watt-hour Meter, a device that
measures the quantity of electric energy. One kilowatt
hour is the quantity of electric energy needed to supply
1,000 watts of electricity for a span of one hour.
Most common LCDs connected to the microcontrollers
are 16x2 and 20x2 displays.
.
This means 16 characters per line by 2 lines and 20
characters per line by 2 lines, respectively
1 Vss :GND
2 Vdd: + 3V or + 5V
3 Vo :Contrast Adjustment
4 RS H/L :Register Select Signal
5 R/W H/L: Read/Write Signal
6 E H L: Enable Signal
7 DB0 H/L: Data Bus Line
8 DB1 H/L-DB7: Data Bus Line
9 A/Vcc: + 4.2V for LED/Negative Voltage Output
10 K: Power Supply for B/L (OV)
The DB9 (originally DE-9) connector is an analog 9-pin
plug of the D-Sub miniature connector family (D-Sub or
Sub-D).
The MAX232 is an integrated circuit that
converts signals from an RS-232serial port to
signals suitable for use in TTL compatible digital
logic circuits.

The MAX232 is a dual driver/receiver and


typically converts the RX, TX, CTS and RTS
signals .

When a MAX232 IC receives a TTL level


to convert, it changes a TTL Logic 0 to
between +3 and +15V, and changes TTL
Logic 1 to between -3 to -15V, and vice
versa for converting from RS232 to TTL.
It is a smaller computer
Has on-chip RAM, ROM, I/O ports...

CPU
RAM ROM

A single chip
Serial
I/O Microcontroller
Timer COM
Port Port
Compatible with MCS-51 Products
8K Bytes of In-System Programmable (ISP) Flash Memory
Endurance: 1000 Write/Erase Cycles
4.0V to 5.5V Operating Range
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz
256K Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
3 16-bit Timer/Counters
Eight Interrupt Sources
Relay is an electrical switch that opens and closes under the
control of another electrical circuit.
The phase of main supply is connected to relays.
OFF condition relay contacts are in open, under ON
condition contacts are in closed position.
Means it connects the phase to the load in ON state only .
Input supply required to operate relay is 8-12v .
The output phase connected to relay range is 7 amp 250v.
GSM is a mobile communication modem; it is stands
for Global System for Mobile Communication
(GSM).
GSM is an open and digital cellular technology used
for transmitting mobile voice and data services operates
at the 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz and 1900MHz
frequency bands.
Another type of circuit that produces the
same output waveform as the full wave
rectifier circuit above, is that of the Full Wave
Bridge Rectifier. This type of single phase
rectifier uses four individual rectifying diodes
connected in a closed loop bridge
configuration to produce the desired output.
Full wave bridge rectifier
5V
DC
12V step down
Bridge rectifier Filter(470f) Regulator
transformer
Shopping malls/ multiplexes.
Madhya Gujarat vij company ltd. Gujarat
Maharashtra state electricity distribution
company ltd.(Msedcl) Maharashtra .
West Bengal state electricity distribution
company ltd. West Bengal .
New Delhi power limited-New delhi.
Cost of manpower for bill collection is sustainly
reduced.
No billing disputes.
Help consumer to contribute towards energy
conservation.
A convenient and efficient method to avoid the
problem of electricity department sending employees
for taking meter reading every month.
Reduces number of employees in electricity
department.
It can be used as three in one meter for
Electricity
Water
Gas
We can reduce the manual efforts to collect the
readings from the energy meter which is a cost
effective solution.
It is user friendly process where prepaid payment pay
before use works just as a RFID recharge we do daily,
can make use of power in an efficient way.
THANK YOU!
QUERY ?