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The Competencies between Foreign and Filipino Employees in the

Philippines and the Factors that Causes Unfairness within the Workplace
The study identified how foreign workers started to work in the Philippines,
the custom and cultural differences, contemplating the communication and
behavior of foreign and local workers, and how it affects the treatment of
local workers within an organization that leads to unfairness in workplace.

Related to this, researchers looked for information to clearly understand the

current situation of both workers in workplace. In general view, there are pros
and cons in having foreign workers in the Philippines. Work ethics in the
Philippine setting are diverse and regarded as multicultural. This affects other
related national concerns and can be a source for basis of future developments
in business and labor subjects.
The emerging foreign relations, the rise of globalization and the
continued economic growth of the Philippines, causes the
increase of number of Foreign Employees in the country.

In 2014, Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)

released an occupational shortage list that require
certain skills which may not be available in the current
drove of unemployed and underemployed Filipinos (Paz, 2014)
Due to the increase of number of accepted foreign employees in
the country, the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP)
recent reports show that theres also a rise in the number of illegal
foreign workers in the Philippines.

The difference between the foreign and local employees has been
discussed with factors such as nature of work, to compensations
and benefits, to treatment and the matter about salary.

The researchers used this method because of it offers a complete

description and analysis of a research subject, without limiting the scope
of the research and the nature of participants responses

2 foreign workers living and working in the
Philippines for 3 years. Both are working
from different types of work areas.
3 local employees were selected and has
three years of working experience with a
foreign employee.
EQUITY Theory of J. Stacy Adams


Skills Health coverage but no

governement benefit Skills Company and
Experience Incentive for special Experience government
Reliability benefits
skills Reliability Job security
Higher expenses

Both employees provide similar inputs at work however results to different outputs that causes inequality
within the organization. These inputs are affected by factors such as:
Customs and Cultural differences, Communication and behavior, Qualifications and experience background
and Government laws and protection
It has been revealed that:
most of the companies preferred to employ Filipinos in staffing and
some managerial positions because of good communication skills
and work ethics;
however, when it comes to much higher positions like directors,
some companies prefer to hire expatriates.

The result of the interview also provides:

an insight of how foreign employees were treated in a Filipino work
place. Most of them are treated the same as other local workers a
nd no other special treatment is given; though if they have other sk
ills that the Filipino employees doesnt have like speaking in anoth
er language, they are given incentive for it.
Recommendations for Research
further research about effects of hiring alien workers
tap subjects such as government laws regarding on legal concerns about foreign employees
working in the Philippines

Recommendations for Practitioners

For business owners
The research as a guide to improve the work setting

Recommendations for Improving this Study

The next studies may use other methods to gather further information
include more diverse nationalities
to obtain further information directly the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)