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Estonia

By Rachael Dempsey
The Flag
The Estonian Flag consists of three colours: Blue,
Black and White.
It was officially the Estonian flag on May 8th 1990.
Each of the colours on the flag has a different
meaning.
Blue represents the countries loyalty and seas and
lakes.
Black symbolises the fertile soils
White represents virtue, winter snow and the
countries long battle for freedom and independence.
Estonia
The capital of Estonia is Tallinn and it's the largest city in
Estonia. It became the capital when the country became
independent.
It joined the E.U on the 14th of September 2003.
The population of Estonia is 1,309, 632 million people.
The life expectancy of Estonian people is shorter than most
other European Countries. It is believed that woman can live up
to 12 years longer than men which results in a high mortality
level of younger men.
The time zone in Estonia is 2 hours ahead of Ireland.
Their native language is Estonian and many people who live in
this country speak English.
It became its own
Humans settled in the region
independent country on April
of Estonia from around
12th 1917
8500BC.

History
The Estonian War
It became a battleground for
for Independence
years where other countries

of
happened from 1918-1920.
fought many of their wars.
The Tartu Peace Treaty in
It was initially ruled by

Estonia
February 1920 marked the
Denmark but from 1418-1562
end of the war and saw
Estonia was a part
Estonia independence.
of Livonian Confederation
On September 14th 2003 it
After this war they became
became part of the European
part of the Swedish War.
Union.
The education system in Estonia consists of four levels: Pre-
school, Basic School, High School and Higher Education.
The education system in Estonia has state, municipal, private
and public educations intuitions.
There are currently 589 schools in Estonia but it is
continuously growing.
The higher education in Estonia is divided up into 3 levels:
Bachelor 's studies, Master studies and doctoral studies.
Education The pre-school education system is given to children from
the age of 3 to 7 years of age.
The basic school education is from grades 1-9. The first 3
years of Primary school is called Algkool which means
beginning school.
During Secondary School it consists of set knowledge, and
different skills to learn. When they graduate from secondary
school they must have complete a curriculum consisting
of 96 individual courses passed and they must pass the state
Estonian Language Exam.
In Estonia, bread
has been a very
important food and it
considered good luck.
They eat a dish
Black bread is used called shaslik which consis
in every Estonian house ts of pork, chicken, lamb,
on the dining table during turkey etc.
Traditional meal time and its a main
food product that They build bonfires
Foods Estonian people who live
abroad ask their relatives
and then grill the
Shaslik over it.
to bring when they are
visiting.
Each year people in
Estonia have a traditional
meal on the 23rd of June
called Midsummers Eve.
The people of Estonia have
many traditions which
they perform.
The Seto Singing tradition
marks the remembrance of the
Setos themselves singing
and their everyday tradition.
People express their thoughts
and feelings and spread them

Estonian to others. The singing


tradition is kept going and

Traditions
passed to each generation.
They're holidays are based on
the Western Christain calendar
and Protestant traditions.
Duringthe Midsummers festival
it involves burning bonfires and
for the elderly people to
participate in the drunken
revelry called Jaanipaev.
The written
Estonian existed since
Johann Kolher translated
the New Testament into
Estonian in the 18th
century. There was also
a rise in poets and novelists
that wrote in
Estonian during this era.
After Estonia became an
Literature independent
county literature modern
and Music and people started to enjoy
it more.
Estonia is well respected of
its musicianship and
classical musicians have
made a large proportion of
singers and conductors.
The Kannel is one of the
oldest Estonian musical
instruments thats a plucked
string instrument.
Estonia have 2,222
islands and islets which are
situated in the Baltic. Estonia is the
least religious
All public transport is free country in Europe and only
of charge for all the roughly 16% of people
residents that live in the think it plays an important
Estonian Capital, Tallinn. role in your life.

Interesting It has one of the


highest literacy rates in
52%of the country is
covered in forest.
Facts the world.
Before their currency
Over 1.5m people visit the
capital of Estonia each
change to the euro year.
it was called the Koom.
Only 3 cities in the country
Their longest standing have a population of
church called Ruhnu over 50,000 people.(Tallinn
which is made out of ,Tartu & Narva)
wood was built in 1644 and
its still standing today.
Gallery