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the architectural rearrangement

of public space of the


Sungai Bengawan Solos riverbank
in Desa Pucangsawit

A STUDY IN URBAN AND SETTLEMENT ARCHITECTURE


BY NIRWAN B. SHUBHAN
Urban and Settlement
Architecture?
Why Bengawan Solos
riverbank?
What place in the riverbank
taken the concentration?
Sungai Bengawan Solos riverbank areas,
Desa Pucangsawit, Jebres District , Surakarta, Central Java.

Location oftaman urban forest bengawan solo


jebres,
central
surakarta, as located
java, inside
as located surakarta
inside
inside indonesia
central java
the location of taman urban forest bengawan solo

Bengawan
Administratve Area of Solo
Pucangsawit, River
Jebres

Urban Forest
Bengawan
Bengawan Solo
Solo
River
Village
Settlements
Waringin Street
Floodgate
Open Field

Construction Access

Floodgate

Bengawan Solo
area of taman urban forest bengawan solo
site potentials
Physical Potentials of the Site site potentials

SETTLEMENT- PICTURESQUE SITE- TOURISM DESTINATION BENGAWAN SOLO RIVER


PROXIMITY LOCATION THROUGH VIEW EXISTENCE PROXIMITY

Bengawan
Views
The settlements
existing
like the Solos
park
flownearby
river
isof
widely
Sungai
flows,
could
used
as
Bengawan
provenly
been
as perfectly
used made
Solo,
asexciting
local
the
easeriverbanks,
water
ofrecreation
theresource,
daily
andsite
coming
the
are
byvegetations
also
the
static
people,
well-known
visitor
are
asof
theiconic
very
well
as site.
as
close
the
Intourism
to
the
local
the
other
Floodgate,
site,
destination
hand,
as incredible
the
Dhamma
ofsites
Surakarta.
asproximity
golden
Sundaramoments
to
Monastery,
the settlements
such
and
asPucangsawit
suns
made setting
economic
and
Traditional
rising
growth
times
Market thataround
of the
couldpeople
the
besite,
enjoyed
higher.
as exciting
from the as Apem
site. Sewu festival that held annually.
Non-physical
Physical Potentials
Potentials
of theofSite
the Site site potentials

LABOR RESOURCE RELIGIOUS


AVAILABILITY HARMONY

The proximity
people around
to thethe
settlement
site had made
different
people
religions,
potentially
and arerunning
living inbusiness
harmony.inAround
the help
thethe
of sitetourism
was alsodestination.
found many mosques, churches, and monasteries.
problems found in the site
Non-physical problems
found in the site
The low level of welfare (education, health, and
revenue) of the people.
The low level of social awareness.
The emerging juvenile delinquency and the low
level of social control.
physical problems found in the site
physical problems found in the site

SANITATION LAND USAGE TREATMENT ARRANGEMENT WASTE PUBLIC FACILITY FLOW & ACCESS
waste SEDIMENTATION

Garbage from domestic waste


formed huge spreaded stacks that
built along the entrance flows of the
floodgates of the village, next to the
park. The garbage built sediments
that were decreasing water flow
space of the river.
This was caused by the poor education of
the people living around the riverbanks
that were still disposing waste irresponsibly.
waste WASTE MANAGEMENT

Many places spotted in the riverbanks


that have garbage stacks from
domestic waste.
The existing garbage in garbage cans
were not being relocated to the central
waste disposal.
People living around the riverbanks
were still burning the garbage.
This was caused by the poor waste
management no official personnel managing
the waste and the disposal, as the nearest
central disposal was kilometers away from the
riverbank area.
waste GARBAGE CANS

Garbage cans are only found in very


small numbers in the area. In
comparison between, the garbage
can placed inside the park is only
one in the large field of park.
The existing garbage cans had also
not been organized.
This was caused by the poor waste
management and garbage organization of
the administrative area and in the park.
waste BAD VIEW

Garbage-filled river flow decreased


the view of and from the park.
This was caused by the behavior of the
people living around the riverbanks that
are still throwing garbage on the river.
This was also caused by the poor waste
management, where no garbage
sedimentation cleaned up from the river.
land usage BUILD PERMISSION

Illegal housings are still found on


the riverbanks area, where people
disobey the law regarding buildings
in state-owned lands. In fact, the
land along the riverbanks are state-
owned and not legal for any kind of
profit and housing settlement. In the
other hand, the government had
put warning signs to socialize the
applied law.
Many people in riverbank area still build
houses in the state-owned land areas.
EDUCATION
sanitation REGARDING
SANITATION

Some uneducated people who


lived in riverbank were still using the
river flow to excrete bladder and
feces.
This was caused by the poor level of
education regarding sanitation of the
people, that also affected their health and
environmental awareness.
PUBLIC RESTROOM
sanitation AND TOILET
AVAILABILITY

Public restroom and toilet


availability around the area is below
the needs of sanitation itself.
There was also not found any public
restroom inside the area.
The level of awareness towards sanitation
of the people lived on the riverbanks is
very poor. Developments of new toilets
were being built, although were still under
the capacity needed.
flow & access REMOTENESS

The excitement inside the park


clearly hadnt successfully attract
more visitors daily. This was more
caused by the remote access of the
park and roadways toward it.
The Pucangsawit village, itself, is remote
from Surakarta, placed in the edgemost
district of the city, and nearest to the
neighbouring developed town.
ROADS
flow & access CONSTRUCTIONS

The roads used by visitor inside and


towards the park are very untreated.
There was also not found any streetlamps
and garden lights.
There was also not found any boundary
across the meeting points between high
altitude-banks and roads
This condition found in almost every user
accesses such as roads, junctions, ways,
pathwalks, sidewalks, pavements, and
country roads.
LESS SAFETY AND
arrangement SECURITY

Facilities inside the park could not


assure the safety and security of the
visitors.
No boundaries on the levees of the
riverbanks. Not safe for the coming of
flood and running children.
There was also found construction project
nearby, that blocks some ways toward the
park.
treatment UNTREATED FACILITIES

There were many facilities found


inside the park that were highly
untreated and heavily damaged.
UNTREATED
treatment VEGETATION

There were found many damages


in the vegetation of the park. There
were also untreated garden plants,
dangerous plants, and uncleaned
park lands.
PUBLIC FACILITY
public facility AVAILABILITY

The park had not public restrooms,


praying areas, proper garbage bins,
sport supporting facilities, kids
playground, and even gates.
site redesigning
recommendation
Who is in charge on the
problems found?
Design Recommendation for Urban
Forest
Design Recommendation for Urban
Forest
Design Recommendation for Urban
Forest

waste sanitation
Putting organized garbage cans in Building proper public restrooms
every corner of the park. inside the park.
Creating law-enforced warning
sign regarding irresponsibility in
throwing garbage.
Design Recommendation for Urban
Forest

public facility arrangement


Building praying area inside the park. Rearrange the decorating vegetation
Putting down streetlamps and garden inside the park.
lights in and through the access of the Adding the number of vegetation inside
park. and around the park.
Building entertainment facility such as Adding flowers and decorating plants
show stage inside the park. instead of dangerous plants inside the
Building sport supporting facility inside park.
the park. Building visible physical boundaries on
Creating kids playground area inside the the riverbank lines and dangerous spots
park. on the road towards the park.
Design Recommendation for Urban
Forest

treatment flow & access


Constantly cleaning dangerous Fixing the circulation system of
plants inside the park. mobility of the visitor inside and
Constantly fixing circulative roads, outside the park.
pathways, pavements, sidewalks, and Fixing the badly damaged roads,
other accesses using non-dangerous pathways, pavements, and sidewalks
material inside the park. inside, from, and towards the park.
Creating exciting decoration for the
entrance of the park.
Who is in charge on the
problems found?