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Given the circumstances today, what do you

think would happen to the world after 20 years?


How about 50 years from now?
What do you think would happen to the world 100
years from now?
EDUCATION FOR
SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

In our world we need a clear awareness of the
interdependent nature of nations, of humans,
animals and the world. Everything is of
interdependent nature. I feel that many problems,
especially man-made problems, are due to a lack of
knowledge about the interdependent nature.
- His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, 1998

It is absolutely essential to change the way we think.
All other attempts at change will fail if we do not
transform our thinking. A proper understanding of
the way the world requires people to think
systematically, holistically, interrogatively, and in
futures mode.
-Lester Milbraith, 1969
EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
A tool for global citizens who want sustainable
future
An active and expanding field of educational
innovation
Sustaining mans capacity for future change

Without a doubt, the road towards sustainable
development is no single route. Furthermore, it is
coherent that understandings and visions for
sustainability will be different for each of us and
that we will need to work together to negotiate
the process of achieving sustainability.
- UNESCO, 2005
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

1987 with the publication of the Brundtland


Report
Conceptualize sustainable development
meet the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of the future generations
to meet their own needs.
Sustainable development
HUMAN
WELL-BEING
SOCIAL
Peace, Equity,
C
Democracy

ENVIRONMENT
ECONOMIC
Conservation,
Work, Money,
Preservation and
Education
Protection
C
C
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Government
Businesses Different visions of
Educational Institutions sustainable development
Media
Youth
EDUCATION FOR
SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT
EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
UNESCO,
DYNAMIC 2002
CONCEPT

NEW VISION OF
EDUCATION

SUSTAINABLE
FUTURE
EMPOWER
CITIZENS
EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
OTHERS
(PRESENT AND
FUTURE ENVIRONMENT
GENERATIONS)

RESPECT

DIFFERENCE
AND RESOURCES
DIVERSITY
EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

SHAPE THE
WORLD
EDUCATION

EQUIPPING
TOOL
INDIVIDUALS AND
SOCIETIES

SUSTAINABILITY
EDUCATION DIRECTLY AFFECTS SUSTAINABILITY
PLANS IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS:

IMPLEMENTATION
Educated citizenry is vital to implementing
sustainable development.
National sustainability depends on the literacy
of its citizens.
EDUCATION DIRECTLY AFFECTS SUSTAINABILITY
PLANS IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS:

DECISION MAKING
Good community based decisions depend
on educated citizens.
Development options expand as education
expands
EDUCATION DIRECTLY AFFECTS SUSTAINABILITY
PLANS IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS:

QUALITY OF LIFE
Improving quality of life
Raises economic status of families;
-Improves life conditions
-infant mortality
-Improves the educational attainment of
the next generation
ESSENTIAL TO ESD IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
FOLLOWING SKILLS (TILBURY, D. AND WORTMAN, D.
2004)

ENVISIONING
CRITICAL THINKING AND RELFECTION
SYSTEMATIC THINKING
BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS
PARTICIPATION IN DESICION MAKING
How can esd improve
the quality of
education?
PAST PRESENT
Emphasis on education Need to address the social
related to cognitive and other dimensions of
understanding and learning
development

EDUCATION HOLISTIC
ESD OF HIGH INTERDISCIPLINARY
QUALITY APPROACH

PROBLEM
LOCALLY CRITICAL SOLVING
RELEVANT THINKING TECHNIQUES
QUALITY EDUCATION

UNDERSTANDS RELEVANT TO VIEW OF THE


THE PAST THE PRESENT FUTURE

IMPROVE THE
IDEALS OF THE
QUALITY OF
ESD
EDUCATION
Unescos Role in
Education for
Sustainable
Development
Unescos Role in Education for Sustainable
Development
December 2002
United Nations Decade for Sustainable Development
(DESD)
OTHERS

RESPECT GENERATIONS

PLANET
DESD PROMOTES:
INTERDISCIPLINARY AND
SUBJECT-BASED LEARNING
HOLISTIC LEARNING

VALUES-BASED LEARNING

CRITICAL THINKING MEMORIZING

MULTI-METHOD APPROACHES PARTICIPATORY-DECISION


MAKING

LOCALLY RELEVANT NATIONAL


INFORMATION
UNESCOS ROLE IS DEFINED BY THE
FOUR MAJOR THRUSTS OF ESD:

Improving access to quality basic education;


Reorienting existing educational programs
Developing public understanding and awareness;
and
Providing training
Key action themes for esd
GENDER EQUALITY
Central to sustainable development
Each member of society respects others
Societal goal which education must contribute

HEALTH PROMOTION
Ill health hampers economic and social development
Education and basic medical information
Schools as venues for the provision of essential health
services
Key action themes for esd
ENVIRONMENT
Covers several major themes
Economic or social development is not possible on a depleted
planet
Environmental awareness lies at the core of education for
sustainable development
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Education is essential in addressing rural poverty
Education is essential in ensuring development in rural areas
Key action themes for esd
CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Education must respect diversity.
ESD promotes teaching which respects indigenous and
traditional knowledge.
Encourages use of indigenous language

PEACE AND HUMAN SECURITY


Fundamental to human development.
ESD plays a key role in promoting values or peace
Esd as the right
attitude to
globalization
Differing attitudes on how man face
globalization:
OPTIMIST GLOBALISTS
Boon of globalizing influences

IMPROVED HIGHER
SOCIAL
QUALITY OF LIVING
COHESION
LIFE STANDARDS

Recognize dangers of globalization but surmount


them through new technologies
Differing attitudes on how man face
globalization:
PESSIMIST GLOBALISTS
Dark side of globalization
First World Countries impose their own
economic and political agenda on the world
Diminution of national sovereignties and
identities
Differing attitudes on how man face
globalization:
TRADITIONAL GLOBALISTS
Taking a safe ground feeling indifferent to change
Effects of globalization need not to be exaggerated
Nation states will continue to play their significant
roles
Economic and social changes are confined to the
regions
Differing attitudes on how man face
globalization:
TRANSFORMATION GLOBALISTS

Takes proactive stand


Impact of globalization is not inevitable
Agencies should play active roles in the
global shift
Esd as the right attitude to globalization

TRANSFORMATION ESD TAKES THE


GLOBALISTS PROACTIVE STAND

Face the dangers of globalization


Actualize the process for creating a new
world system
Being an educator
for sustainable
development
FOUR DIMENSIONS OF ESD

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS
Promotes environmental education
Approaches to teaching-learning
Citizenship education
research
COMPETENCIES FOR THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
Skills of knowledge workers
Conditions to be met for lifelong learning
FOUR DIMENSIONS OF ESD

HUMAN/SOCIAL CAPITAL AND ECONOMIC GROWTH


Specific roles of both human and social capital

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Education needs of students with disabilities
Learning difficulties
Social disadvantages
GUIDELINES (INCORPORATING ESD INTO THE
CURRICULA)

Programs fit the environmental, social, and economic


conditions and goals
Educators/administrators understand the concept of
sustainability
Education about tool to achieve
sustainable more sustainable
development future

UNESCO design criteria for ESD program evaluation


GUIDELINES (teachers)

Acknowledge their key role as cornerstones


Understand cross-cutting and multidisciplinary nature of
ESD
Avoid overloading the curriculum
Open to diverse learning strategies
Appreciate importance of multi-stakeholder partnerships
FOUR MODES OF ESD TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS:

VALUES-BASED LEARNING
ONES VALUES
Self reflection and critical inquiry AND VALUES OF
OTHERS

VISION FOR ESD


LEARNING TO TRANSFORM

TRANSFORMATION
-OF-THINKING
FOUR MODES OF ESD TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS:

School culture
WHOLE SCHOOL commited to
APPROACH ESD

School as
COMMUNITY-BASED
social agent
LEARNING
THE END
And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16
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