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- Coll of Exercises I
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You are on page 1of 25

ECE 441 1

Cross-Sections of NEMA Motors

ECE 441 2

Induction Motor Applications

• Design B

– Broadest field of applications

– Centrifugal pumps, fans, blowers, machine

tools

• Design A

– Same characteristics as Design B, but with

higher breakdown torque

– Higher starting current limits applications

ECE 441 3

Induction Motor Applications continued

• Design C

– Higher locked-rotor torque but lower

breakdown torque than Design B

– Use to drive plunger pumps, vibrating

screens, and compressors

• Design D

– Very high locked-rotor torque and high slip

– Used for high-inertia loads such as elevators

and hoists

ECE 441 4

Induction Motor Applications continued

• Design E

– High-efficiency

– Drive loads similar to Design B, but with lower

locked-rotor, breakdown, and pull-up torque

ECE 441 5

NEMA Tables

rotor torque, breakdown torque, and pull-

up torque for specific horsepower,

frequency, and synchronous speed

ratings.

ECE 441 6

Example 5.1

torque, breakdown torque, and pull-up

torque that can be expected from a 3-

phase, 10-hp, 460-V, six-pole, NEMA

design C motor whose rated speed is 1150

r/m.

ECE 441 7

Solution

120 f (120)(60)

ns 1200r / min

P 6

Tn

hp

5252

T (1150)

10

5252

Trated 45.67lb ft

ECE 441 8

Locked-Rotor Torque

minimum locked-rotor torque of a 10-hp design

C motor with a synchronous speed of 1200 r/min

should be 225% of full-load torque.

ECE 441 9

Breakdown Torque

ECE 441 10

Pull-up Torque

ECE 441 11

Motor Performance as a function of Machine

Parameters, Slip, and Stator Voltage

• Use the “complete” equivalent circuit model,

including both the rotor and stator.

ECE 441 12

Equivalent Circuit for an Induction Motor

with the rotor and stator as separate circuits

ECE 441 13

Equivalent Circuit for an Induction Motor

with all parameters referenced to the stator

ECE 441 14

R2 a 2 Rr

X 2 a 2 X BR

Ir

I2

a

E2 Es aEBR

Ns

a

Nr

R fe coreloss / phase

X M magnetizing / phase

ECE 441 15

I 0 exciting current per phase

Rr actual rotor resis tan ce per phase

I fe core loss component of exciting current

I M magetizing component of exciting current

X BR actual blocked rotor reac tan ce per phase

I r actual rotor current per phase

V actual voltage per phase applied to the stator

I1 actual stator current per phase

ECE 441 16

Power, Torque, Speed, Losses, and

Efficiency

R2

Z2 jX 2

s

R fe jX M

Z0

R fe jX M

Z2 Z0

V ZP

I1 Z2 Z0

Z in

Z in Z1 Z P

E I1 Z P

E

I2

Z2 ECE 441 17

Prcl 3 I 22 R2

Pscl 3 I12 R1 1 s

Prcl 3 I 2

2 R2

Pmech Prcl

s

Pgap Prcl

1 1 s

Pmech Prcl

s s

Pmech Pf , w Pstray

Pshaft hp

746

ECE 441 18

3E22

Pcore

2 R fe

21.12 I Rr

TD r

sns 3E22

Pcore

21.12 I 22 R2 R fe

TD

sns

ECE 441 19

Approximate Equivalent Circuit for an

Induction Motor

Move the

magnetizing branch

to the left of resistor

R1.

ECE 441 20

Shaping the Torque-speed curve

21.12I R 2

T

D

lb ft r r

sn s

V

I

2

R

R jX jX

1 1

2

2

s

V

I

(R R ) (X X )

2

2 2 2

1

s 1 2

R

21.12V 2 2

T s

(R R ) (X X ) n

D

2 2 2

s

1

1 2 s

ECE 441

T V

D

2 21

Slip at Which Maximum Torque Occurs

expression for the

developed torque

Solve for the value of slip

that makes the derivative

equal to zero.

R

s 2

R (X X )

T D max 2 2

1 1 2

ECE 441 22

Slip at Which Maximum Torque Occurs

starting torque are designed with enough

resistance so that the maximum torque

occurs at blocked rotor (s = 1).

R

s 2

1

R (X X )

T D max 2 2

1 1 2

ECE 441 23

Slip at Which Maximum Torque Occurs

R

s 2

1

R (X X )

T D max 2 2

1 1 2

R 2,s 1

R (X X )

2

1 1 2

2

ECE 441 24

Maximum Torque

R

21.12V 2 2

T s

(R R ) (X X ) n

D

2 2 2

s

1

1 2 s

R2

R (X X )

2

1 1 2

2

at maximum torque

s

21.12V 2

T

2n R (X X ) R

D ,max

2 2

s 1 1 2 1

Independent ofECERotor

441

Resistance! 25

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