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Interconnection of

Food Waste and Food Loss (FL&W) with

Sustainable Food Security

Arief Daryanto, PhD

Director, Business School IPB (2005-2017),
Adjunct Professor, Business School, University of New England, Australia

Seminar Nasional “Strategi Kreatif Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Indonesia

Sebagai Negara Bebas FL&W”, Auditorium JICA, Universitas Pendidikan
Nasional, Bandung,

10 November 2017
Introductory Remarks
Top Global Risks for 2016
Food Waste Meme

Waste Not, Want Not: The Circular Economy to Food Security

Some Indicators of Global Food Security
Global Food
Food Sustainability Index Global Hunger Index
Security Index Rice Bowl Index (RBI)
1. To promote food and To measures the To measure and track To make a meaningful
its surrounding issues of drivers of food hunger globally, contribution the policy
production and access securiry regionally, and by debate surrounding
Aims 2. To integrate this work country. food security and to
within the global effort move the discussion to
around achieving the a solution focused
SDGS by 2030 dialogue
1. Food loss and waste 1. Affordability, 1. Inadequate food 1. Policy & trade
2. Sustainable agriculture 2. Availability, supply 2. Farm-level
Pillars 3. Nutrition 3. Quality and 2. Child 3. Environmental
safety undernutrition 4. Demand and Price
3. Child mortality
Indicators 35 55 4 33
Index 0-100 Index 0-100 (best- Index 0-100 (worst-
Values/Scores Index 0-100 (worst-best)
(worst-best) worst) best)
Number of 25 (G20 + 5 Countries); 113 118 15 in Asia
Coutries 2/3 population, 87% GDP
Times The first, 2016 Since 2012, yearly Since 2006, yearly Since 2012, yearly
Constructor/ EIU, BCFN EIU, DuPont IFPRI Sygenta & Frontier
Developer Strategy Group
Indonesia Ranking of Global Food Security, 2016


Score 50,77 50,6 21,9 46
Ranking 21 71 72 10
Number of 25 113 118 15
The most Serious Below the
improved threshold

Indonesia Ranking Details of FSI, 2016

Indonesia’s FSI Ranking SCORE RANK

OVERALL 50,77 21
A. Food loss and waste 32,53 24
B. Sustainable agriculture 53,87 16
C. Nutritional challenges 56,79 18

Source: EIU 9
Field to plate
how 1/3rd of global
food is lost and

Source: WRI analysis based on FAO. 2011.

Near the Plate VS Near the Field
Per capita food losses and waste, at consumption
and pre-consumptions stages, in different regions
Food Waste in Indonesia is Significant and Growing with Adverse Environmental
and Socioeconomic Impacts
Food waste per capita

Sources: based on FAOSTAT food balance sheets (waste) and WDI (population)

Food waste is prominent in municipal solid waste, 2/3 of which ends up in landfills
Food waste along the entire food supply chain from production to consumption.

Source: FAO, 2014

Possible Approaches for Reducing Food Loss and Waste

Production Handling and Processing and Distribution and Consumption

Storage Packaging Market

•Facilitate •Improve access •Re-engineer •Facilitate •Facilitate

donation of to low cost manufacturing increased increase
unmarketable handling and process donation of donation of
crops storage •Improve supply unsold goods unsold goods
•Improve facilities chain •Change food form
availability of •Improve management date labelling restaurants
agricultural ethylene and •Improve practices and caterers
extension microbial packaging to •Change in- •Conduct
services management keep food store consumer
•Improve •Introduce low- fresher and promotions education
market access carbon longer •Improve campaigns
•Improve refrigeration •Provide inventory •Reduce portion
harvesting •Improve guidance on systems sizes
techniques infrastructure food storage •Ensure home
and economics
preparation to taught in
consumers schools,
colleges and

Source: World Resources Institute, 2013

FL&W Diagnosis

Developing Countries Developed Countries

• Lack of investment in farm • Supply>demand
equipment (harvesters, • High expectation of ‘quality
threshers, etc.) standards appearance’
• Failure to comply with food safety
• Lack or even absent packaging standards
at farm before distribution • Lack of understanding on date
• Lack of cold chain infrastructure marking rules
• Low levels of processing

Source: FAO, 2011


Developing Countries Developed Countries

Farmers’ communication and

Capacity development

Shorter supply chains Reducing food miles

Adherence to food safety and

Creating value added
Investment in technology, Date marking rules improvement
structures and equipment (best-before and use-by dates)
Understanding consumer behavior
Monitoring mechanism
through consumer survey

Source: FAO, 2011

How to reduce food waste: Individual
consumer perspective
what you Plan ahead
cant eat

Eat it all or
How to Reduce Buy what
you need
for later Food Waste

Cook the
Concluding Remarks
Are we ready to reduce food waste?

Support Local Food (Indonesia)

Pay –as-you-throw fees (Korea)
No leftovers day (Korea)
RSVP culture
I am proud of my clean plate (China)