Welcome to Lake Land Church of Christ

Happy Birthday, America! July 4, 2008

Faith of Our Founding Fathers
What Did They Think about God and Christ?

The Declaration of Independence
Many historical revisionists would have you believe that our nation’s Founding Fathers did not believe God should have any place in government. But is that true? Let us let their own words tell us the story….

The Declaration of Independence
This is what they had to say at the singing of the Declaration of Independence:

The Declaration of Independence “With a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence.”

The Declaration of Independence
What the word of God says:

“Righteousness exalteth a nation; but sin is a reproach to any people.”
Proverbs 14:34

Were These Men Merely Deists?
“God governs in the affairs of man.”
Constitutional Convention Thursday, June 28, 1787
Ben Franklin

Were These Men Merely Deists?
What the word of God says:

Ben Franklin

“Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.” Romans 13:7

Were These Men Merely Deists?

“He who made all men hath made the truths necessary to human happiness obvious to all…  Our forefathers opened the Bible to all.”
"American Independence," August 1, 1776. Speech delivered at the State House in Philadelphia.

Samuel Adams Principal organizer of the Boston Tea Party Member of the Continental Congress Signer of the Declaration of Independence

Were These Men Merely Deists?

Samuel Adams

What does the word of God say?

“For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that through patience and through comfort of the scriptures we might have hope.”
Romans 15:4

Were These Men Merely Deists?
“It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God and Bible.”

George Washington

Were These Men Merely Deists?

What does the word of God say?

“For Thou wilt judge the peoples with equity, and govern the nations upon Earth.”
George Washington

Psalm 67:4

Were These Men Merely Deists?
“The duties of men are summarily comprised in the Ten Commandments, consisting of two tables; one comprehending the duties which we owe immediately to God-the other, the duties we owe to our fellow men.”
Noah Webster was responsible for: Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the US Constitution: To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.

Were These Men Merely Deists? What does the word of God
“Thou

What does the word of God say?

Noah Webster

shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.”
Matthew 22:37; 39

Were These Men Merely Deists?
“And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure if we have lost the only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with His wrath?”
Notes on the State of Virginia (Philadelphia: Matthew Carey, 1794), Query XVIII, p. 237.

Thomas Jefferson

Were These Men Merely Deists?
“I tremble for my country when I realize that God is just; and that His justice will not sleep forever.”
Thomas Jefferson Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781

Were These Men Merely Deists?
What the word of God says:

“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.”
Hebrews 10:31
Thomas Jefferson

Were These Men Merely Deists?

Thomas Jefferson

How Can We Know if They Were Christians? Their own testimony The testimony of others Their works—”fruit”

Their Own Testimonies
“The doctrines of Jesus are simple, and tend to all the happiness of man.” “I am a Christian in the only sense in which He [Jesus] wished any one to be.”
[April 21, 1803 Letter to Ben Rush]

Thomas Jefferson

“It [the Bible] is a document in proof that I am a real Christian, that is to say, a disciple of the doctrines of Jesus."
[Jan 9, 1816 Letter to Charles Thomson]

Their Own Testimonies
What does the Bible say? “And it came to pass, that even for a whole year they were gathered together with the church, and taught much people, and that the disciples were called Christians first in

Thomas Jefferson

Their Own Testimonies
“We recognize no Sovereign but God, and no King but Jesus!”
John Adams John Hancock April 18, 1775, on the eve of the Revolutionary War after a British major ordered them to disperse in “the name of George the Sovereign King of England."

Their Own Testimonies
“Jesus Christ: ...Who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords….”
1 Timothy 6:14-15

John Adams

John Hancock

Their Own Testimonies
“I have a tender reliance on the mercy of the Almighty, through the merits of the Lord Jesus Christ. I am a sinner. I look to Him for mercy; pray for me.”
Alexander Hamilton

July 12, 1804 at his

Their Own Testimonies
What the word of God says:

Alexander Hamilton

“...we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by His life….”
Romans 5:10

Their Own Testimonies
“Unto Him who is the author and giver of all good, I render sincere and humble thanks for His merciful and unmerited blessings, and especially for our redemption and salvation by His Beloved Son.”
John Jay
Last Will and Testament of John Jay

Their Own Testimonies
What the word of God says:

John Jay

“But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.”
Isaiah 53:5

Their Own Testimonies
“This is all the inheritance I can give my dear family. The religion of Christ can give them one which will make them rich indeed.”
Patrick Henry The Last Will and Testament of Patrick Henry

Their Own Testimonies
What the word of God says:

Patrick Henry

“And my God shall supply every need of yours according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus.”
Philippians 4:19

Their Own Testimonies
“Doctor, I wish you to observe how real and beneficial the religion of Christ is to a man about to die…”
Patrick Henry

June 6, 1799 at his death

Their Own Testimonies
What the word of God says:

“For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.”
Philippians 1:21
Patrick Henry

Their Own Testimonies
“Blessed Jesus, wash away all my impurities, and receive me into Thy everlasting kingdom.”
Letter to his wife, 1813, during his final illness Benjamin Rush; signer of the Declaration of Independence; Physician, Treasurer of the US Mint

Their Own Testimonies
What the word of God says:

Benjamin Rush

“And now why tarriest thou? Arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on His name.”
Acts 22:16

The Testimonies of Others
Is it necessary that any one should [ask], “Did General Washington avow himself to be a believer in Christianity?" As well may we question his patriotism, his heroic devotion to his country. His mottos were, "Deeds, not Words"; and, "For God and my Country." …His life, his writings, prove he was a Christian.”
George Washington --Written by his adopted daughter, Nelly Custis-Lewis

The Testimonies of Others
“He was a sincere believer in the Christian faith and a truly devout man.” --John Marshall
Revolutionary War General Secretary of State US Supreme Court Chief Justice

George Washington

The Testimonies of Others
“To the character of hero and patriot, this good man added that of Christian. Although the greatest man upon earth, he disdained not to humble himself before his God and to trust in the mercies of Christ.”

George Washington

The Testimonies of Others
“He looked to the restraining and elevating principles of Christianity as the hope of his country’s institutions.”
William Wirt Henry

Patrick Henry

“He committed himself in earnest efforts to establish true Christianity in our country.”
Patrick Henry Fontaine

The Testimonies of Others
“He ever adorned the profession of Christianity which he made in youth; and distinguished through life for public usefulness.”
1793 Epitaph

Roger Sherman, signer of:

he Articles of Association; Articles of Confederation eclaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States

The Testimonies of Others
“The

general principles upon which the Fathers achieved independence were the general principles of Christianity…I will avow that I believed and now believe that those general principles of Christianity are as eternal and immutable as the existence and the attributes of God.”
John Adams June 28, 1813; Letter to Thomas Jefferson

The Testimonies of Others
“It cannot be emphasized too clearly and too often that this nation was founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religion, but on the gospel of Jesus Christ. For this very reason, peoples of other faiths have been afforded asylum, prosperity, and freedom of worship here.”
May 1765 Speech to the House

Patrick Henry

Their Works
George Washington James Madison Alexander Hamilton Noah Webster John Quincy Adams John Jay Benjamin Rush Benjamin Franklin

Our Founding Fathers

What Were the Commands and Expectations of Our Founding Fathers?

To carry on the Christian religion as the official religion of America, with no denomination receiving favor from the government. To elect only Christians for our leaders. To make worship a part of your public life; make public service a part of your worship. To evangelize the nation, and especially the children, in the doctrines of Christianity as the best way to ensure liberty and security for our nation. Laws are not enough. You need Jesus.

Christianity, the Religion of America
“The name of American, belongs to you…[and] with slight shades of difference, you have the same religion.”
Paragraph 10; Farewell Address, September 17, 1796

George Washington

Christianity, the Religion of America

George Washington

What does the Bible say? “...but insomuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings, rejoice; that at the revelation of His glory also ye may rejoice with exceeding joy.”

Christianity, the Religion of America
1799 Runkel v. Winemiller “By our form of government, the Christian religion is the established religion, and all sects and denominations of Christians are placed on the same equal footing.” Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase
Signer of the Declaration of Independence Delegate to 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses

Christianity, the Religion of America
“At the time of the adoption of the Constitution, and of the amendment to it, now under consideration [i.e., the First Amendment], the general, if not the universal sentiment in America was, that Christianity ought to receive encouragement from the state.” -- Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States p. 593

Justice Joseph Story

Christianity, the Religion of America
In 1800, when Washington, D. C., became the national capital and the President moved into the White House and Congress into the Capitol, Congress approved the use of the Capitol building as a church building for Christian worship services.
[Debates and Proceedings 797 6th Cong., 1st Session, December 4, 1800]

By 1867, the church in the Capitol had become the largest church in Washington, and the largest Protestant church in America.

Elect Only Christians for Our Leaders
“Be religiously careful in our choice of all public officers…and judge of the tree by its fruits.”
An Oration, Delivered at Elizabeth-town, New-Jersey on Elias Boudinot the Fourth of July President of the Continental Congress Nov 1782 Director of the United States Mint (1795 - (Elizabethtown: Kollock,1793) 1805) Founder of the American Bible Society

Elect Only Christians for Our Leaders “It is apprehended that Jews,

Mahometans (Muslims), pagans, etc., may be elected to high offices under the government of the United States. Those who are Mahometans, or any others

who are not professors of the Christian religion, can never be elected to the office of President or other high office,

[unless] first the people of America lay aside the Christian religion altogether, it may happen. Should this unfortunately take place, the people will choose such men as think as they do themselves.
Elliot’s Debates, Vol. IV, pp 198199, Governor Samuel Johnston, July 30, 1788 at the North Carolina Ratifying Convention

Samuel Johnston

Elect Only Christians for Our Leaders
Let it be impressed on your mind that God commands you to choose for rulers just men who will rule in the fear of God [Exodus 18:21]…. If the citizens neglect their duty and place unprincipled men in office, the government will soon be corrupted…. If our government fails to secure public prosperity and happiness, it must be because the citizens neglect the Divine commands, and elect bad men to make and administer the laws.
Noah Webster, The History of the United States (New Haven: Durrie and Peck, 1832), pp. 336-337, 49

Noah Webster

Welcome to Lake Land Church of Christ
Sunday, July 8, 2007

Welcome to Lake Land Church of Christ
Happy Birthday, America! July 4, 2008

Elect Only Christians for Our Leaders
"Providence has given to our people the choice of their rulers, and it is the duty as well as the privilege and interest of our Christian nation to select and prefer Christians for their rulers." 
The Correspondence and Public Papers of John Jay, 1794-1826, Henry P. Johnston

John Jay

Elect Only Christians for Our Leaders
Article 22 of the constitution of Delaware (1776) required all officers, besides taking an oath of allegiance, to make and subscribe to the following declaration: "I, [name], do profess faith in God the Father, and in Jesus Christ His only Son, and in the Holy Ghost, one God, blessed forevermore; and I do acknowledge the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be given by divine inspiration."

Make Worship a Part of Your Public Life
Prayer and chaplains in Congress. The Capitol Building, Treasury and War offices were used for Sunday Christian services.

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
In Benjamin Franklin's 1749 plan of education for public schools in Pennsylvania, he insisted that schools teach ”...the excellency of the Christian religion above all others, ancient or modern."
Benjamin Franklin

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“What students would learn in American schools above all is the religion of Jesus Christ.”
Speech to the Delaware Indian Chiefs May 12, 1779

George Washington

Evangelize the Nation
On May 2, 1778, George Washington charged his soldiers at Valley Forge by saying: "To the distinguished character of patriot, it should be our highest glory to add the more

George Washington

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“Let divines and philosophers, statesmen and patriots, unite their endeavors to renovate the age by impressing the minds of men with the importance of educating their little boys and girls, inculcating in the minds of youth the fear and love of the Deity…and leading them in the study and practice of the exalted virtues of the Christian system.”
Samuel Adams
Principal organizer of the Boston Tea Party Member of the Continental Congress Signer of the Declaration of Independence

Letter to John Adams, October 4, 1790

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
In Benjamin Franklin's 1749 plan of education for public schools in Pennsylvania, he insisted that schools teach "the excellency of the Christian religion above all others, ancient or modern."

Benjamin Franklin

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed.”
Preface to the 1828 American Dictionary of the English Language Noah Webster

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“I lament that we waste so much time and money in punishing crimes and take so little pains to prevent them… we neglect the only means of establishing and perpetuating our republican forms of government; that is, the universal education of our youth in the principles of Christianity by means of the Bible; for this Divine Book, above all others, constitutes the soul of republicanism.”

Benjamin Rush; signer of the Declaration of Independence; Physician, Treasurer of the US Mint Letter written (1790’s) in Defense “The Father of Public Schools”

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“By withholding the knowledge of [the Scriptures] from children, we deprive ourselves of the best means of awakening moral sensibility in their minds.”
Letter written (1790’s) in Defense Benjamin Rush; signer of the of the Bible in all schools in Declaration of Independence; Physician, Treasurer of the US Mint America “The Father of Public Schools”

Evangelize the Nation, Especially the Children
“Public utility pleads most forcibly for the general distribution of the Holy Scriptures…. In vain, without the Bible, we increase penal laws and draw entrenchments around our institutions. Bibles are strong entrenchments. Where they abound, men cannot pursue wicked courses, and at the same time enjoy quiet conscience.” --1813. Letter for Maryland Bible Society.

James McHenry Signer of the Constitution Maryland

Have We Followed in Their Footsteps?
Early American Schools Important court cases—The Judicial Branch What are the consequences of not following our forefathers’ commands? The following will address the question, “How did we get where we are today?”

Early American Schools

“The Bible was America’s basic textbook in all fields.” --Noah Webster. Our Christian Heritage, p.5

Early American Schools

“Education is useless without the Bible” --Noah Webster. Our Christian Heritage, p.5

Early American Schools
Used in public and private schools from 1690 to 1900 second only to the Bible. Some of its contents:
A song of praise to God Prayers in Jesus’ name The famous Bible alphabet Shorter catechism of faith
The New England Primer

The Bulletproof George Washington
Account of a battle during the French and Indian War on July 9, 1755 in which George Washington said he was clearly protected by God.

This was found in virtually all student textbooks until 1934.

School Prayer
"Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our Country."

School Prayer
"Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our Country." On June 25, 1962, declared as “unconstitutional”.

BANNE D

Supreme Court Rulings
1799 Runkel v. Winemiller “By our form of government, the Christian religion is the established religion, and all sects and denominations of Christians are placed on the same equal footing.”
Justice Samuel Chase

Supreme Court Rulings
1811 People v. Ruggles (New York)
“The morality of the country is deeply engrafted upon Christianity, and not upon the doctrines or worship of other religions.” “In people whose manners are refined, and whose morals have been elevated and inspired with a more enlarged benevolence, it is by means of the Christian religion.” “This First Amendment declaration never meant to withdraw religion. And with it the sanctions of moral and social obligation from all consideration and notice of the law.” “Whatever strikes at the root of Christianity tends manifestly to the dissolution of civil government, because it tends to corrupt the morals of the people, and to destroy good order.”

Supreme Court Rulings
1844 Vidal v. Girard
In 1844, a school in Philadelphia decided it would teach morality without the Bible. “Why may not the Bible, and especially the New Testament be read and taught as a divine revelation in the schools --Its general precepts expounded and its glorious principles of morality inculcated? Where can the purest principles of morality be learned so clearly or so perfectly as from the New Testament? The Court ruled that the Bible WOULD be taught in American Schools.

Supreme Court Rulings
1878 Reynolds v. United States The plaintiffs used a letter written by Thomas Jefferson to try to remove Christianity from the government. In his letter they found the phrase…

“Separation of Church and State”

A Letter Written to President Jefferson
“Our sentiments are uniformly on the side of religious liberty: that religion is at all times and places a matter between God and individuals, that no man ought to suffer in name, person, or effects on account of his religious opinions, [and] that the legitimate power of civil government extends no further than to punish the man who works ill to his neighbor. But sir, our constitution of government is not specific…. Therefore what religious privileges we enjoy (as a minor part of the State) we enjoy as favors granted, and not as inalienable rights.” Letter of October 7, 1801, from Danbury Baptist Association to Thomas Jefferson

Jefferson’s Response
“Gentlemen,-The affectionate sentiments of esteem and approbation which you are so good as to express towards me on behalf of the Danbury Baptist Association give me the highest satisfaction…. Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God; that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship; that the legislative powers of government reach actions only and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should ‘make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,’ thus building a wall of separation between Church and State. “Adhering to this expression of the supreme will of the nation in behalf of the rights of conscience, I shall see with sincere satisfaction the progress of those sentiments which tend to restore to man all his natural rights, convinced he has no natural right in opposition to his social duties. I reciprocate your kind prayers for the protection and blessing of the common Father and Creator of man, and tender you for yourselves and your religious association

Jefferson’s Letter to Benjamin Rush
Thomas Jefferson made it clear that the First Amendment had been enacted only to prevent the federal establishment of a national denomination.

Jefferson

Rush

The First Amendment to the Constitution: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”

Jefferson’s Letter to Benjamin Rush
This “wall” was the will of the American people that their new government would not meddle in their religious freedoms by enacting a state denomination, as the King of England had done. Jefferson had committed himself as President to pursuing the purpose of the First Amendment: preventing the “establishment of a particular form of Christianity” by the Episcopalians, Congregationalists, or any other denomination.

Supreme Court Rulings
1878 Reynolds v. United States The intent of Jefferson’s remarks was that “The rightful purposes of civil government are for its officers to interfere when principles break out into overt acts against peace and good order. “In this…is found the true distinction between what properly belongs to the church and what to the State.”

Supreme Court Rulings
Church of the Holy Trinity v. US Feb. 29, 1892 "These and many other matters which might be noticed, add a volume of unofficial declarations to the mass of organic utterances that this is a Christian nation." Quoted 87 precedents in a 16 page document.

Supreme Court Rulings
1947 Everson v. Board of Education
The issue was whether public money should be used to pay for buses to transport children to parochial schools. In a decision of 5-4, the Court agreed to allow this, but the majority also expressed the need for the State [i.e. schools] to have absolutely no involvement in religion.

“The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state. That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.”

The First Amendment
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” Thomas Jefferson was not one of those ninety men who framed the First Amendment, and during those debates not one of those ninety Framers ever mentioned the phrase “separation of church and state.” It seems logical that if this had been the intent for the First Amendment-as is so frequently assertedthen at least one of those ninety who framed the First Amendment would have mentioned that phrase, but none did.
Congressional Records from June 7 to September 25, 1789

One Man’s Private Letter, Taken out of Context
The earlier courts had always viewed Jefferson’s letter to the Danbury Baptist Association for just what it was: a personal, private letter to a specific group. There is probably no other instance in America’s history where words spoken by a single individual in a private letter-words clearly taken out of context-have become the sole authorization for a national policy.

Did Jefferson Not Want Religion in the Schools?
“An Ordinance for the government of the Territory of the United States northwest of the River Ohio.” Drafted by Thomas Jefferson

The Northwest Ordinance

Did Jefferson Not Want Religion in the Schools? The Northwest Ordinance

The draft was prepared by Thomas Jefferson. It was originally approved by Congress July 13, 1787 and repassed by the Founding Fathers following the U.S. Constitution’s ratification. On August 7, 1789, President George Washington signed it into law-during the same time Congress was laying down the First Amendment. “Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.” On April 30, 1802, [just 6 months after he wrote “separation of church and state”] President Jefferson signed the enabling act for Ohio to join the union which said this newest state must agree with the Northwest Ordinance.

Supreme Court Rulings
1958 Baer v. Kolmorgen A dissenting judge said, “If this court doesn’t stop talking about ‘Separation of Church and State,’ then the people will think it is a part of the Constitution!”

Supreme Court Rulings: Remove Student Prayer
June 25, 1962 Engel v. Vitale
“Prayer in its public school system breaches the constitutional wall of separation between Church and State.” This was the very first US Supreme Court case in which no precedents were quoted. The Court said a year later in Abington v. Schempp, that no previous cases were cited because “these principles were so

No Prayer?
“In the beginning of the contest with Britain, when we were sensible of danger, we had daily prayers in this room for Divine protection. Our prayers, Sir, were heard, and they were graciously answered… do we imagine we no longer need His assistance?”
Benjamin Franklin Constitutional Convention Thursday, June 28, 1787

Supreme Court Rulings: Remove the Bible from Schools
Abington v. Schempp 1963 “No state law or school board may require that passages from the Bible be read, or that the Lord’s Prayer be recited in the public schools of a State at the beginning of each school day.”

No Bible in Schools?
1844 Vidal v. Girard
“Why may not the Bible, and especially the New Testament be read and taught as a divine revelation in the schools -- Its general precepts expounded and its glorious principles of morality inculcated? Where can the purest principles of morality be learned so clearly or so perfectly as from the

No Bible in Schools?
"Let the children who are sent to those schools be taught to read and write and above all, let both sexes be carefully instructed in the principles and obligations of the Christian religion. This is the most essential part of education.”
Benjamin Rush; signer of the Declaration of Independence; Physician, Treasurer of the US Mint. “The Father of Public Schools”

Letters of Benjamin Rush, "To the citizens of Philadelphia: A Plan for Free Schools", March 28, 1787

Supreme Court Rulings: Remove the Ten Commandments
Stone v. Graham, 449 U.S. 39 (1980) “If the posted copies of the Ten Commandments are to have any effect at all, it will be to induce the schoolchildren to read, meditate upon, perhaps to venerate and obey, the Commandments. However desirable this might be as a matter of private devotion, it is not a permissible state objective under the Establishment Clause.”

The Ten Commandments: A Matter of Private Devotion, or State Objective?

James Madison
“The Father of the Constitution”

“We have staked the whole future of American civilization, not upon the power of government, far from it. We’ve staked the future of all our political institutions upon our capacity…to sustain ourselves according to the Ten Commandments of God.”
1778 to the General Assembly of the State of

The Ten Commandments: A Matter of Private Devotion, or State Objective?

“The Law given from Sinai [The Ten Commandments] was a civil and municipal as well as a moral and religious code.”
John Quincy Adams. Letters to his son. p. 61

John Quincy Adams

The Ten Commandments: A Matter of Private Devotion, or State Objective?
“All the miseries and evils which men suffer from vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery and war, proceed from their despising or neglecting the precepts contained in the Bible.”
Noah Webster Noah Webster. History. p. 339

Supreme Court Rulings: Creationism Is Not a Science
1982 McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education

The court decided that balanced treatment of Creationism and Evolution [as was the practice in Arkansas] was unconstitutional. Creationism was not to be taught in the schools as equal to Evolution since, “Creationism is not a science.”

Creationism Is Not a Science?
“It has been the error of the schools to teach astronomy, and all the other sciences, and subjects of natural philosophy, as accomplishments only; whereas they should be taught theologically, or with reference to the Being who is the author of them: for all the principles of science are of divine origin. Man cannot make, or invent, or contrive principles: he can only discover them; and he ought to look through the discovery to the Author.” The Existence of God 1810

Thomas Paine

Creationism Is Not a Science? “The evil that has resulted

Thomas Paine

“The evil that has resulted from the error of the schools, in teaching natural philosophy as an accomplishment only, has been that of generating in the pupils a species of atheism. Instead of looking through the works of creation to the Creator himself, they stop short, and employ the knowledge they acquire to create doubts of his existence. They labour with studied ingenuity to ascribe every thing they behold to innate properties of matter, and jump over all the rest by saying, that matter is eternal.” The Existence of God, 1810

Supreme Court Rulings:

The Bible Is Not an Independent Source of Law.
Commonwealth v. Chambers November 20, 1996
Karl S. Chambers, sought relief from his second sentence of death for robbery and first degree murder.

“In appellant's original penalty hearing, the prosecutor stated in closing argument: ‘Karl Chambers has taken a life…. As the Bible says, 'and the murderer shall be put to death.’ ’ We held that the argument exceeded the bounds of permissible oratorical flair as it advocated to the jury that an independent source of law existed for imposing the death penalty on appellant.”

The Bible Isn’t an Independent Source of Law?

“We are next to consider the crime of deliberate and willful murder; a crime at which human nature starts, and which is I believe punished almost universally throughout the world with death. The words of the Mosaical law (over and above the general precept to Noah, that ‘whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed’ Genesis 9:6) are very emphatical in prohibiting the pardon of murderers.” “Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death; for the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.” Numbers 35:31 Blackstone’s Commentary on the Law. Book IV,

What Are the Consequences of Not Following in Our Forefathers’ Footsteps?
Physical—Romans 1:28 “And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting….” Spiritual Governmental

Jedediah Morse
“To the kindly influence of Christianity we owe that degree of civil freedom, and political and social happiness which mankind now enjoys…. Whenever the pillars of Christianity shall be overthrown, our present republican forms of government, and all blessings which flow from them, must fall with them.”
Election Sermon given at Charleston, MA, on April 25,

Jedediah Morse —The Father of American Geography, whose writings were official textbooks in our public schools.

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