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V. T. Patel Dept.

of EC Engineering

EC 308 Antenna & Wave Propagation

Lecture-10
Lens Antenna

By-Manthan S. Manavadaria
V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Chapter 10: Lens Antenna (Content)

 Chapter 10: Lens Antenna

10.1 Dielectric lens, reflector lens antennas, Polyroid

“A microwave antenna in
which a dielectric lens is placed in
front of the dipole or horn radiator to
concentrate the radiated energy into a
narrow beam or to focus received
energy on the receiving dipole or
horn.”

Reference: http://www.radiogigabit.com/smart-lens-antennas/

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V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Dielectric Lens

 There are two types of lens


antenna

 Delay lances (electrical


path length increased by
lens medium)
Ex. Dielectric lances, H
plane metal-plate lenses

 Fast lances (electrical


path length decreased
by lens medium)
Ex. E plane metal-plate
lenses

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V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Dielectric Lens

 There are two types of dielectric lenses


 Non Metallic
 Metallic/artificial

 Non Metallic Dielectric lens


 This types is similar to optical lens
 It may designed by ray analysis methods of
geometrical optics.

 Metallic or Artificial Dielectric lens


 This types is less heavy compare to nonmetallic lens
 It consist of discrete metal particles of macroscopic
size.

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Non Metallic Dielectric lens (Fermat’s Principle)

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Non Metallic Dielectric lens (Fermat’s Principle)

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V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Non Metallic Dielectric lens

Reflection Coefficient

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V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Metallic/Artificial Dielectric lens

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Reflector Lens Antenna

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V. T. Patel Dept. of EC Engineering

Polyrod

 A dielectric rod or wire can act as a guide for EM waves. This tendency
to radiate is turned to advantage in the polyrod antenna. (made of
Polystyrene)

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