Aswini.S III MCA

Ethical hacking- also known as penetration testing or intrusion testing or red teaming has become a major concern for businesses and governments. Companies are worried about the possibility of being ³hacked´ and potential customers are worried about maintaining control of personal information. Necessity of computer security professionals to break into the systems of the organisation.

The tool is not an automated hacker program rather it is an audit that both identifies the vulnerabilities of a system and provide advice on how to eliminate them. They neither damage the target systems nor steal information. .INTRODUCTION Ethical hackers employ the same tools and techniques as the intruders.

PLANNING THE TEST Aspects that should be focused on:  Who should perform penetration testing?  How often the tests have to be conducted?  What are the methods of measuring and communicating the results?  What if something unexpected happens during the test and brings the whole system down?  What are the organization's security policies? .

The minimum security policies that an organization should posses           Information policy Security policy Computer use User management System administration procedures Incident response procedures Configuration management Design methodology Disaster methodology Disaster recovery plans. .

Ethical hacking. Penetration testing must be continuous to ensure that system movements and newly installed applications do not introduce new vulnerabilities into the system. .a dynamic process Running through the penetration test once gives the current set of security issues which subject to change.

Should have very strong programming and computer networking skills and have been in networking field for several years.Who are ethical hackers The skills ethical hackers should posses They must be completely trustworthy. .

Who are ethical hackers Should have more patience. They should know the techniques of the criminals. Continuous updating of the knowledge on computer and network security is required. . how their activities might be detected and how to stop them.

black box testing.  An expertise with in your own organization.Choice of an ethical hacker  An independent external agency. . white box testing.

AREAS TO BE TESTED Application servers Firewalls and security devices Network security Wireless security .

Red Team-Multilayered Assessment Various areas of security are evaluated using a multilayered approach. . ‡ Each area of security defines how the target will be assessed. ‡ An identified vulnerability at one layer may be protected at another layer minimizing the associated risk of the vulnerability.

A revolving process .Information security (INFOSEC).


. On January 17.  Their comes the denial of service attack. resulting in loss of revenue and ³mind share´. 2000. a U.S. library of congress website was attacked.Attacks on Websites:Denial of service attack  Some hackers hack your websites just because they can.  They try to do something spectacular to exhibit their talents.  During the attacks. customers were unable to reach the websites.



The ethical hack itself Testing itself poses some risk to the client. Criminal hacker monitoring the transmissions of ethical hacker could trap the information. Best approach is to maintain several addresses around the internet from which ethical hackers originate. Additional intrusion monitoring software can be deployed at the target. .

Local network. Physical entry. . Remote dial-up network. Stolen laptop computer.IBM¶S Immune system for Cyber space Any of the following combination may be used Remote network. Social engineering.


. The same information used to aid a company can be used to compete with the company. It is legal collection and analysis of information regarding the vulnerabilities of the business partners. The way to protect the information is to be aware of how it may be used.Competitive Intelligence A systematic and ethical program for maintaining external information that can affect your company¶s plans.

Mitigate risk immediately. . Assess risk. Conduct drills on emergency response procedures.Information Security Goals Improve IS awareness. Assist in the decision making process.

Ethical hacking helps companies first comprehend their risk and then. . To protect against an attack. understanding where the systems are vulnerable is necessary. A company may be target not just for its information but potentially for its various transactions.Conclusions Never underestimate the attacker or overestimate our existing posture. manage them.

is necessary. . The role of ethical hacking in security is to provide customers with awareness of how they could be attacked and why they are targeted. ³Security though a pain´. Plan for the unplanned attacks.Conclusions Always security professionals are one step behind the hackers and crackers.

published by EFY.www.howstuffworks.september.www.www.´Information Technology´ journal on" security and privacy´ 5.computerworld.august 2005.References 1. 6.www.

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