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ENERGY CRISIS IN

INDIA
- HOW TO OVERCOME

NIBEDITA SINHA
AND
RITWIK
MUKHOPADHYAY
CONTENTS
 Introduction
 Types of energy
 Causes of crisis
 Problems
 Effects on society
 Alternatives
 Conclusion
INTRODUCTION
 Energy has useable relationship with the
production and consumption by the
people.
 Part of the problem is related to the
insufficient energy resources leading to
the shortage in supply which is not able to
meet the growing demands of power in
the rapidly expanding industrial, transport,
agricultural and urban sectors.
TYPES OF ENERGY
 Non-renewable Sources of Energy :
once these natural resources are used
up, they are gone forever.

 Renewable Sources of Energy :


renewable sources of energy can be
used over and over again. They generate
much less pollution, both in gathering and
production, than non-renewable sources.
Non-renewable Sources of
Energy
 Most of the energy we use comes from fossil
fuels, such as coal, natural gas and petroleum.

 Uranium is another nonrenewable source, but it


is not a fossil fuel. Uranium is converted to a fuel
and used in nuclear power plants.

 Traditional energy resources like firewood, dried


cow dung cake and charcoal are being used
in rural India.
Renewable Sources of Energy
 Solar energy: using solar panels we can
convert sunlight into electricity.
 Wind energy: using turbines we can generate
electricity.
 Geothermal energy: engineers extract steam
or very hot water from the earth's crust and use
the steam to generate electricity.
 Biomass: includes natural products such as
wood, manure and corn. These materials are
burned and used for heat.
 Hydropower energy: from dams and rivers
using water flow or through a turbine or using
tidal energy we can generate electricity.
CAUSES OF CRISIS
 Theconsumption of electricity in the country is
increasing at the rate of 10 per cent per year.

 The energy consumption level in industries,


transport and lighting is very high.

 Mismanagement of power sector, low


efficiency of power houses, labour problem
and power wastage.

 About 23% of the power generated is lost


during transmission and distribution.
PROBLEMS
 The country has still to meet over half of it’s
demands of petroleum and it’s products through
import and there is no possibility of respite in the
near future despite vigorous efforts for oil explora-
tions.
 Coal resources are confined to a limited part of the
country and can last only for another six-seven
decades.
 The transport of coal is a great problem and its
mining and utilization are causing great deal of
environmental pollution and damage to ecology.
 Hydroelectricity is a cheap source of energy but is
inflexible in terms of location.
EFFECTS ON SOCIETY
Energy crisis has a great bearing on all socio-
economic development of a country and its
sovereignty.

 frequent load shedding and power failure.


 closure of factories.
 man-hour loss .
 decrease in production.
ALTERNATIVES- I
 Peopleshould be encouraged to use non-
conventional(renewable) energy.

 Nuclear energy(using ‘THORIUM’) is being


offered as panacea for energy crisis being
faced by India.

 Government has established agreements like


Qatar for the supply of petronet for the purpose
of import, storage and then marketing of LNG in
India.
ALTERNATIVES- II
 Government is also looking into the feasibility for
gas pipelines like ‘Iran-Pakistan-India’ pipeline
and ‘Myanmar –Bangladesh-India’ pipeline.

 Government also should provide infrastructures


for research and development about
renewable sources of energy so that India as
well as rural areas of our country can satisfy the
minimum energy needs.

 Our
experts experimented car or bus driving on
CNG and LPG gases.
CONCLUSION
 Energy crisis in India can treacle by the
effective involvement of civil society.

 Awareness has to be created so that the


consumers avoid wastage.

 Whole India is actively trying to achieve energy


security at various international levels.

 Energy crisis is universal, we can and should


support the efforts to face the crisis and
minimize it to the least possible extent.
think about it!
THANK YOU