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Manual Pallet Jack Safety Robert A. Wachter UC Davis EH&S Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Manual Pallet Jack Safety

Robert A. Wachter UC Davis EH&S

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Electric Pallet Jacks • Electric Pallet jacks are: – Motorized to allow lifting and moving ofMotorized pallet truck video – Self propelled and minimizes the amount of physical operator effort; reduces the risk of injury. – Capacity of 2,800 lbs – 5,000 lbs for electric models – Two categories: Walk behind and jacks equipped with an operator platform Think safe. Act safe. Be safe. " id="pdf-obj-1-2" src="pdf-obj-1-2.jpg">

Electric Pallet Jacks

Electric Pallet jacks are:

Motorized to allow lifting and moving of heavier and stacked pallets; Motorized pallet truck video Self propelled and minimizes the amount of physical operator effort; reduces the risk of injury. Capacity of 2,800 lbs 5,000 lbs for electric models Two categories: Walk behind and jacks equipped with an operator platform

Electric Pallet Jacks • Electric Pallet jacks are: – Motorized to allow lifting and moving ofMotorized pallet truck video – Self propelled and minimizes the amount of physical operator effort; reduces the risk of injury. – Capacity of 2,800 lbs – 5,000 lbs for electric models – Two categories: Walk behind and jacks equipped with an operator platform Think safe. Act safe. Be safe. " id="pdf-obj-1-24" src="pdf-obj-1-24.jpg">
Electric Pallet Jacks • Electric Pallet jacks are: – Motorized to allow lifting and moving ofMotorized pallet truck video – Self propelled and minimizes the amount of physical operator effort; reduces the risk of injury. – Capacity of 2,800 lbs – 5,000 lbs for electric models – Two categories: Walk behind and jacks equipped with an operator platform Think safe. Act safe. Be safe. " id="pdf-obj-1-26" src="pdf-obj-1-26.jpg">

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Hand pallet jacks • This training information is focused on manual, hydraulic pallet jack safety which

Hand pallet jacks

This training information is focused on manual, hydraulic pallet jack safety which is a:

A jack steered by a tiller lever, which is also a pump handle for raising the jack

Small handle on the tiller releases the hydraulic fluid, causing the forks to lower

Front wheels are mounted on levers attached to linkages going to levers attached to the jack cylinder.

Hand pallet jacks • This training information is focused on manual, hydraulic pallet jack safety which

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Hazards • Pallet jacks aren’t as dangerous as forklifts • They can still

Pallet Jack Safety: Hazards

Pallet jacks aren’t as dangerous as forklifts

They can still cause serious injuries and damage materials

and structures Pallet jacks help workers safely handle heavy loads

Trying to move heavy material without a pallet jack could

result in even more serious injuries

If a pallet jack is not used safely, employees can be injured

Loads can topple from uneven floors, inclines, excessive speed

Striking against door frames, columns, walls and other stationary objects

– Trips from exposed pallet jack “forks”

Running over their feet

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Injuries • Loads tipping/falling on employees resulting in contusions, abrasions, strains and sprains

Pallet Jack Safety: Injuries

Loads tipping/falling on employees resulting in contusions,

abrasions, strains and sprains

Back strain from adjusting loads

Injuries from running into other employees

Bodily harm from impacts or from losing control on inclines

Abrasions, contusions or fractures from impacting walls or

columns

Load dropped on foot or foot crushed when the pallet jack runs over feet

Strain or dislocation of shoulder due to forceful pulling of a

pallet jack Strains from moving a loaded pallet jack.

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Injury Prevention • Two factors to prevent injuries: – Clear safety rules –

Pallet Jack Safety Injury Prevention

Two factors to prevent injuries:

Clear safety rules Hands-on training.

Pallet jacks seem like simple devices and do not appear to

require training

Imperative: Read and follow the safety rules in the manual

Never operate a pallet jack unless you have been trained

Before moving loads, first demonstrate safe operating

procedures with an electric or manual pallet jack

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Safe Operation Your responsibility as the pallet jack operator: • Use in

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Safe Operation

Your responsibility as the pallet jack operator:

Use in the correct manner to ensure your safety and the safety of the people in the vicinity

Familiarize yourself with the controls before using the pallet jack

Ensure controls are undamaged and responsive

Plan your journey before jumping straight into using the pallet jack

Never carry riders or ride the equipment yourself

No horseplay, it can cause serious injuries!

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules PPE and body positioning • Wear proper foot protection and gloves. •

Pallet Jack Safety Rules

PPE and body positioning

Wear proper foot protection and gloves. Make sure you have a secure grip on the load, especially pallet jacks with worn grips Never place your feet under a pallet jack Feet, hands or any body part should never be placed underneath a pallet Use proper lifting techniques loading/unloading and operating the pallet jack Be wary of pinch points to avoid injuries to your hand

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

• Forks:
Forks:

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Forks

Center the forks evenly under the load to maintain good balance and ensure stability of the load. Make sure the forks are positioned completely under the pallet. Maintain a clearance of about 1 inch between the floor and the pallet. The load is more stable if it is kept close to the floor.

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Push or Pull • Push or Pull? Pulling allows better maneuverability but

Pallet Jack Safety Rules

Push or Pull

Push or Pull? Pulling allows better maneuverability but pulling puts strain on the back, always try to push the load instead if you can

Pushing the load:

Keeps the back and spine straight

Uses the stronger and larger leg muscles and bones Pulling the load:

Employees pulling pallet jacks are using their backs

more than their legs to move the load Bending forward creating a curvature in their spine making them more susceptible to back injuries

The jack is not designed to be pulled by one or both arms

Exception: Making small adjustments in the positioning of the load, while standing erect

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Inclines/pathways • Difficult to use on slopes, particularly when the load is

Pallet Jack Safety Rules

Inclines/pathways

Difficult to use on slopes, particularly when the load is heavy

Designed for smooth surfaces, difficult to maneuver on uneven surfaces or in areas with debris Avoid inclines but always be uphill of the load on an incline If you absolutely must use an incline be extra cautious Always push when going down an incline and never stand downhill of a loaded pallet jack going down a ramp

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Parking • Park the pallet jack in a level place, forks lowered

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Parking

Park the pallet jack in a level place, forks lowered • Don’t block exits or emergency equipment, i.e. fire

extinguishers Do not leave a pallet jack unattended and elevated Put pallet jacks safely away in a predetermined storage location when not in use with the handle raised and locked Keep the jack out of a traffic area, avoid a tripping hazard Always let pallet jack down when stocking product or anytime the pallet jack is left unattended

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Handling Loads • Pay attention and never exceed the manufacturer’s maximum load

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Handling Loads

• Pay attention and never exceed the manufacturer’s

maximum load rated capacity, never overload

The capacity will be clearly marked on the pallet jack

Keep your back strong and straight

Keep the load under control Start and stop gradually, prevent the load shifting position Stop moving your load if someone is in the pathway—don’t assume the person sees and can avoid you. Use established traffic lanes and exercise caution to avoid collisions at corners Swing wide on corners to avoid striking the door frames, racking, or other structures, use a spotter if needed

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Pallets • Store pallets in a dry place • Inspect the pallet

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Pallets

Store pallets in a dry place

Inspect the pallet for loose or rotting sections

Make sure the pallet is in good condition and can safely support the load

Ensure no leakage from the previous or current load has

weakened the structure of the pallet Stabilize the load on the pallet Interlocked stacking, plastic wrap, or straps

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Inspections Make a quick inspection • Inspect pallet jack in general for

Pallet Jack Safety Rules Inspections

Make a quick inspection Inspect pallet jack in general for good working condition Check brakes, steering, controls, forks, hoists and warning devices Look for water, oil, or other liquids on the floor

Observe the wheels; ensure they are not worn out and have no cracks

This will prevent poor handling and reduce the risk of an unstable load

Report any problems to your supervisor

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Fork Operation • Use both forks for lifting a load • Never use

Pallet Jack Safety: Fork Operation

Use both forks for lifting a load

Never use one fork to lift a load

Ensure the stability of the load

Maintain good balance, center the forks evenly under the

load

Maintain a clearance of about 1 inch between the floor

and the pallet The load is more stable if it is kept close to the floor.

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Actuating lever • Safe handling requires skill • Raise the forks by pushing

Pallet Jack Safety: Actuating lever

Safe handling requires skill

Raise the forks by pushing the actuating lever down and

pumping the handle

Use both hands when jacking up a manual pallet jack to prevent muscle strain

The only time the handle is down is to jack the pallet

Put the actuating lever in a neutral or middle position to move the load.

This position disengages the lifting mechanism and frees the handle from hydraulic resistance, but keeps the forks raised When the lever is released, it will automatically return to

the neutral position

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Safe Maneuvering • Use the neutral position when moving loads, this reduces operator

Pallet Jack Safety: Safe Maneuvering

Use the neutral position when moving loads, this reduces

operator fatigue

Push if you safely can, but pulling allows for increased maneuverability and better control of the load

If pulling the pallet jack, make sure it is in the neutral position to reduce fatigue

Do not turn the handle too fast, can cause the load to shift.

Watch for clearances on both sides of the aisle

Operate at controllable speeds, hand pallet trucks do not have

brakes, allow plenty of room to stop Do not carry riders on the hand pallet truck

Be aware of other people and forklifts in the vicinity

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Pallet Jack Safety: Loading docks • Always be alert on loading docks. Stay away from the

Pallet Jack Safety: Loading docks

Always be alert on loading docks. Stay away from the edge of the dock.

If you are loading or unloading a truck at a dock, enter or exit the truck squarely

Park the pallet truck out of traffic areas in a safe, level

place with the forks lowered.

The handle should be left in the up position to eliminate tripping hazards.

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

Short Quiz Safe Use of Hand Pallet Trucks Name ____________________________________ True or False? 1. Push the

Short Quiz

Safe Use of Hand Pallet Trucks

Name ____________________________________

True or False?

1. Push the load. T or F

  • 2. Enter or exit a truck at an angle. T or F

  • 3. Pallet trucks do not have brakes. T or F

  • 4. Keep the forks 1-2 inches above the ground. T or F

  • 5. Keep the load uphill when going up or down any incline. T or F

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.

1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T Answers Think safe. Act safe. Be

1. F

2.

F

3.

T

4.

F

5.

T

Answers

Think safe. Act safe. Be safe.