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You are on page 1of 43

CONTENTS:

Inequalities

Mathematical operations

Venn diagram based problems:

Venn, a British mathematician, developed

what are called Venn diagrams mainly to

illustrate the principles of Set Theory and

certain operations on sets.

This type of diagram is extensively used

in scientific and engineering

presentations, in theoretical Mathematics,

in Computer applications and in Statistics.

In general, Venn Diagrams are logical

diagrams, in which various items and their

relationships are represented by circles or

other types of diagrams.

In these questions, you will be presented

with different classes or groups of familiar

objects and you will be asked to identify

their mutual relationships.

careful observation of diagrams.

different types of questions under this

category.

Practice questions:

people would watch news on TV, 40% read in

newspaper, 25% read newspaper and watched

TV. What percentage of people neither watched

TV nor read newspaper?

a) 0%

b) 5%

c) 10%

d) 20%

2. In a class, 20 opted for Physics, 17 for

Math's, 5 for both and 10 for other

subjects. The class contains how many

students?

a) 35

b) 42

c) 52

d) 60

3. In a class consisting of 100 students, 20 know

English and 20 do not know Hindi and 10 know

neither English nor Hindi. The number of

students knowing both Hindi and English is

a) 5

b) 10

c) 15

d) 20

4. Each student in a class of 40 plays at least one

indoor game chess, carrom and scrabble. 18

play chess, 20 play scrabble and 27 play

carrom. 7 play chess and scrabble, 12 play

scrabble and carrom and 4 play chess, carrom

and scrabble. Find the number of students who

play (i) chess and carrom. (ii) chess, carrom

but not scrabble.

5. In a competition, a school awarded medals in

different categories. 36 medals in dance, 12

medals in dramatics and 18 medals in music. If

these medals went to a total of 45 persons and

only 4 persons got medals in all the three

categories, how many received medals in

exactly two of these categories?

a) 12

b) 13

c) 14

d) 15

6. In a survey of brand preference for toothpastes,

82% of the population (number of people

covered for the survey) liked at least one of the

brands I, II and III. 40% of those liked brand I,

25% liked brand II and 35% liked brand III. If

5% of those showed liking for all the three

brands, then what percentage of those liked

more than one of the three brands?

a) 13

b) 10

c) 8

d) 5

7. In a class of 50 students, 18 take Chorus, 26

take Band, and 2 take both Chorus and Band.

How many students in the class are not enrolled

in either Chorus or Band?

a) 12

b) 4

c) 8

d) 6

8. A veterinarian surveys 26 of his patrons. He

discovers that 14 have dogs, 10 have cats, and

5 have fish. Four have dogs and cats, 3 have

dogs and fish, and one has a cat and fish. If no

one has all three kinds of pets, how many

patrons have none of these pets?

a) 6

b) 0

c) 5

d) 3

Logical Venn diagrams:

Answer from the following figure:

Mathematical operations:

various mathematical symbols, followed by a

question involving calculation of an expression or

choosing the correct / incorrect equation. The

candidate is required to put in the real signs in the

given equation and then solve the questions as

required. Note: - While solving a mathematical

expression, proceed according to the rule

BODMAS – i.e. Brackets, Of, Division,

Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.

Practice Examples:

'subtraction', + stands for 'multiplication' and -

stands for 'division', then 20 × 8 ÷ 8 - 4 + 2 =

?

a) 80

b) 25

c) 24

d) 5

Ans: C

2. If - means ×, × means +, + means ÷ and ÷

means -, then 40 × 12 + 3 - 6 ÷ 60 = ?

a) 7.95

b) 44

c) 20

d) None of these

Ans: D

3. If + means ÷, × means -, ÷ means × and -

means+, than 8 + 6 × 4 ÷ 3 - 4 = ?

a) -12

b) 20/3

c) -20/3

d) -20

Ans: C

4. If × means ÷, - means ×, ÷ means + and +

means-, than (3 - 15 ÷ 19) × 8 + 6 = ?

a) 8

b) 6

c) 5

d) 2

Ans: D

5. If + means ×, ÷ means -, × means ÷ and -

means +, what will be the value of 4 + 11 ÷ 5 -

55 = ?

a) 23

b) 45

c) 29.3

d) None of these

Ans: D

Inequalities:

1) Coded Inequality

2) Direct Inequality

you have gone through the below tables.

In order to understand questions on inequality first

you need to have an overview of various

terminologies which are used in such questions –

Thetable given below gives the relationship

between certain statements and their

conclusions. Once you have learnt and

understood these concepts, questions on

inequality will be much easier to solve.

Practice examples:

‘P%Q’ means ‘P’ is smaller than ‘Q’.

‘P@Q’ means ‘P’ is either greater than or equal ‘Q’.

‘P$Q’ means ‘P’ is either smaller than or equal to

‘Q’.

‘P#Q’ means ‘P’ is equal to ‘Q’.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true

1. Statements:

M @ R, R ©F, F#L

Conclusions:

I. R@L

II. M@L

Ans: D

2. Statements:

T % J, J @ V, V # W

Conclusions:

I. T©W

II. W@T

Ans: C

3. Statements:

J @ D, D$ L, L#N

Conclusions:

I. J # L

II. J $ L

Ans: D

4. Statements:

R $ M, M%H,H$F

Conclusions:

I. R % F

II. M $ F

Ans: A

5. Statements:

K $ H, H % I, I © F

Conclusions:

I. K $ I

II. H % F

Ans: D

Practice questions:

In the question symbols *, @, %, $ and # are Statements:

used with the following meaning. D % H, K * H, H $ R

• 'P $ Q' means 'P is not greater than Q' Conclusions

• 'P * Q' means 'P is neither smaller than I. K $ R

nor greater than Q' II. D % K

• 'P # Q' means 'P is neither greater than (a) Only conclusion I is true

nor equal to Q'

(b) Only conclusion II is true

• 'P % Q' means 'P is not smaller than Q'

(c) Either conclusion I or II is true

• 'P @ Q' means 'P is neither smaller than

(d) Neither conclusion I nor II

nor equal to Q'

is true

Assuming the statements to be true, find out

which of the two conclusions I and II is/are

definitely true.

The given signs signify something and on that basis, assume the given

statements to be true and find which of the two conclusions I and II is.are

definitely true.

P = Q means P is equal to Q.

P – Q means P is positive and Q is negative.

P + Q means P or Q is negative

P / Q means P and Q both are negative.

P * Q means P and Q are zero.

P ^ Q means P is zero and Q is negative.

Statements:

B – E, A + (C / d), F * G, G = A

Conclusions:

(I) (B * C) = D

II) (F * A) ^ (E / D)

(a) Only I is true

(b) Only II is true

(c) Both I and II are not true

(d) Both I and II are true

Given signs signify something and on Statements

that basis, assume the given K+L, K/M, M-N

statements to be true and find which Conclusions

of the two conclusions I and II is/are

I) M+L

definitely true.

II) K-N

A+B means A is equal to B

(a) Only conclusion I is true

A-B means A is less than B

(b) Only conclusion II is true

A=B means A is not equal to B

(c) Neither conclusion I nor II is

A*B means A is greater than equal to B

true

A/B means A is less than equal to B

(d) Both conclusions I and II are

true

Given signs signify something and on that Statements:

basis, assume the given statements to be M ? S │ Q │ P, R / P, T \ P

true and find which of the two Conclusions:

conclusions I and II is/are definitely true. I) M │ T

• A * B means A is not greater than B. II) Q \ R

• A │B means A is nether smaller than nor (a) Only conclusion I is true

equal to B. (b) Only conclusion II is true

• A / B means A is not smaller than B. (c) Neither conclusion I nor II is

• A \ B means A is neither greater than nor true

equal to B. (d) Both conclusions I and II are

• A ? B means A is neither greater than nor true

smaller than B.

Given signs signify something and on Statements:

that basis, assume the given statements D * G, G – H, H / J

to be true and find which of the two Conclusions:

conclusions I) D ≠ H

II) G / J

I and II is/are definitely true.

(a) Only I is true

A+B means A is greater than equal to B

(b) Only II is true

A-B means A is equal to B

(c) Both are correct

A€B means A is less than B

(d) None of these are true

A*B means A is equal to B

A/B means A is greater than equal to B

Given signs signify something and on that Statements:

basis, assume the given statements to be true Q+R, R*S, S–T

and find which of the two conclusions I and II Conclusions:

is/are definitely true. I) S*T

A+B means A is equal to B II) Q=R

A-B means A is less than B (a) Only conclusion I is true

A=B means A is not equal to B (b) Only conclusion II is true

A*B means A is greater than equal to B (c) Neither conclusion I nor II

A/B means A is less than equal to B is true

(d) Both conclusions I and II

are true

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