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# Explanation Text

## Lightning Process Occurs

By :
- Hefryanda
Group
Sagala
2
- Abdul Rouf What Is Explanation
Text?
- Ririn Anggraini
- Ulfa Meilinda What Is Lightning?
Class : How The Process
XII IPA 1 of Lightning?

## SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 4

TEBO
SCHOOL YEAR 2017 / 2018
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Explanation Text
Definition and purposes of Explanation
Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social,
scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the
forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text
books.

## Generic structure of Explanation

General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.

Language Feature
Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc
Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc
Using passive voice pattern
Using simple present tense

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What Is
Explanation
Text?
Lightning is
an electric
current. To
make this
electric
current, first
you need a
cloud.
How The Process of Lightning?
When the ground is hot, it heats the
air above it. This warm air rises. As
the air rises, water vapour cools and
forms a cloud. When air continues
to rise, the cloud gets bigger and
bigger. In the tops of the clouds,
temperature is below freezing and
the water vapour turns into ice.
Now, the cloud becomes a
thundercloud. Lots of small bits of
ice bump into each other as they
move around. All these collisions
cause a build up of electrical charge.
Eventually, the whole cloud fills up
with electrical charges. Lighter,
positively charged particles form at
the top of the cloud. Heavier,
negatively charged particles sink to
the bottom of the cloud.
When the positive and negative
charges grow large enough, a giant
spark - lightning - occurs between
the two charges within the cloud.
This is like a static electricity sparks
you see, but much bigger.

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