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SPEEDOMETER

ACCELERATION
At the end of the lesson, we will be able to:
a. define the law of acceleration correctly;
b. determine the connection of mass to
acceleration and force to acceleration through

OBJECTIVES
the actual examples;
c. relate the relationships of mass and force to
acceleration in their real life situations; and
d. solve the given problems correctly; and
e. recall about inertia though the game “Pick a
Hole”
ACCELERATION

Therate of
change in velocity.
Newton’s Second Law
THE LAW OF
ACCELERATION
ACTIVITY
5N MASS
NET FORCE, Fnet ACCELERATION?

MASS
5N
MASS
NET FORCE, Fnet ACCELERATION?
The GREATER THE
MASS of an object,
the LESSER THE
GREATER OR LESSER?

ACCELERATION.
The acceleration of an
object is inversely
proportional to the
mass. In symbols,
a∞1/m.
ACTIVITY
2 Objects of the Same Mass with
Different Magnitude of Forces

F MASS
NET FORCE
ACCELERATION? a
2F
MASS
NET FORCE
ACCELERATION? 2a
RELATIONSHIP OF FORCE TO
ACCELERATION
If the FORCE
APPLIED IS GREATER,
the ACCELERATION IS
ALSO GREATER.
The acceleration is
directly proportional to
force.
in symbols, a∞f.
UNITS
Force- Newton (N)
Mass- Kilogram (kg)

Acceleration-
Meter/second square
(m/s )
2
LAW OF ACCELERATION
states that acceleration
produced to an object is directly
proportional to the magnitude of
the net force and inversely
proportional to the mass of an
object. The direction of the net
force is the direction of the
acceleration.
SAMPLE PROBLEMS
A horizontal force acting
on a 2.0 kg object
produces an acceleration
of 8.0 m/s . Find the
2

magnitude net force


acting on the object.
GIVEN:

m= 2.0 kg;


a= 8.0 m/s 2

REQUIRED: Force

FORMULA: f= ma
SOLUTION:

f= ma
f= (2.0kg)(8.0 m/s )2

ANSWER:
f= 16 N is the magnitude
net force acting on the
object.
A horizontal force of
8.0 N acts on a 4.00
kg mass which is
initially at rest. Find
the acceleration
produced.
GIVEN:
f= 8.0N
m= 4.00kg
REQUIRED:
Acceleration
FORMULA: a= f/m
SOLUTION:

a=F/m
a= 80.0N/4.00kg

a= 20.0 m/s2

ANSWER:

a= 20.0 m/s2
Let’s say that you were only
moving your car about 0.05m/s2,
and the car weighed a total of
1,000kg. You would be able to
plug these two numbers into the
equation to see how much force
you were exerting on the car.
F= ma
F= 1000kg x 0.05m/s2

F= 50 N
HOW ARE WE GOING
TO APPLY
ACCELERATION IN
THE REAL LIFE?
The more strength and faith
we put on our course of
actions, the more we
accelerate towards our
success.
SUMMARY
PRACTICE EXERCISE
To further enrich our lesson, let’s have a seatwork regarding law of
acceleration. Answer and solve the given questions and problems. Write your
answers in your notebook. (8pts)

1. If the mass is constant, the acceleration of an object is _______


proportional.
a. directly
b. inversely
c. combined

2. If the force is constant, the acceleration of an object is ________


proportional.
a. directly
b. inversely
c. combined
PRACTICE EXERCISE
3. What is the unit for the force?
a. Newton
b. Kilogram
c. Ton
4. An object’s mass is 80 kg. How much force
does the Earth apply on it? The acceleration due
to gravity in the earth is 9.8m/s2.