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ACCELERATION

At the end of the lesson, we will be able to:

a. define the law of acceleration correctly;

b. determine the connection of mass to

acceleration and force to acceleration through

OBJECTIVES

the actual examples;

c. relate the relationships of mass and force to

acceleration in their real life situations; and

d. solve the given problems correctly; and

e. recall about inertia though the game “Pick a

Hole”

ACCELERATION

Therate of

change in velocity.

Newton’s Second Law

THE LAW OF

ACCELERATION

ACTIVITY

5N MASS

NET FORCE, Fnet ACCELERATION?

MASS

5N

MASS

NET FORCE, Fnet ACCELERATION?

The GREATER THE

MASS of an object,

the LESSER THE

GREATER OR LESSER?

ACCELERATION.

The acceleration of an

object is inversely

proportional to the

mass. In symbols,

a∞1/m.

ACTIVITY

2 Objects of the Same Mass with

Different Magnitude of Forces

F MASS

NET FORCE

ACCELERATION? a

2F

MASS

NET FORCE

ACCELERATION? 2a

RELATIONSHIP OF FORCE TO

ACCELERATION

If the FORCE

APPLIED IS GREATER,

the ACCELERATION IS

ALSO GREATER.

The acceleration is

directly proportional to

force.

in symbols, a∞f.

UNITS

Force- Newton (N)

Mass- Kilogram (kg)

Acceleration-

Meter/second square

(m/s )

2

LAW OF ACCELERATION

states that acceleration

produced to an object is directly

proportional to the magnitude of

the net force and inversely

proportional to the mass of an

object. The direction of the net

force is the direction of the

acceleration.

SAMPLE PROBLEMS

A horizontal force acting

on a 2.0 kg object

produces an acceleration

of 8.0 m/s . Find the

2

acting on the object.

GIVEN:

a= 8.0 m/s 2

REQUIRED: Force

FORMULA: f= ma

SOLUTION:

f= ma

f= (2.0kg)(8.0 m/s )2

ANSWER:

f= 16 N is the magnitude

net force acting on the

object.

A horizontal force of

8.0 N acts on a 4.00

kg mass which is

initially at rest. Find

the acceleration

produced.

GIVEN:

f= 8.0N

m= 4.00kg

REQUIRED:

Acceleration

FORMULA: a= f/m

SOLUTION:

a=F/m

a= 80.0N/4.00kg

ANSWER:

a= 20.0 m/s2

Let’s say that you were only

moving your car about 0.05m/s2,

and the car weighed a total of

1,000kg. You would be able to

plug these two numbers into the

equation to see how much force

you were exerting on the car.

F= ma

F= 1000kg x 0.05m/s2

F= 50 N

HOW ARE WE GOING

TO APPLY

ACCELERATION IN

THE REAL LIFE?

The more strength and faith

we put on our course of

actions, the more we

accelerate towards our

success.

SUMMARY

PRACTICE EXERCISE

To further enrich our lesson, let’s have a seatwork regarding law of

acceleration. Answer and solve the given questions and problems. Write your

answers in your notebook. (8pts)

proportional.

a. directly

b. inversely

c. combined

proportional.

a. directly

b. inversely

c. combined

PRACTICE EXERCISE

3. What is the unit for the force?

a. Newton

b. Kilogram

c. Ton

4. An object’s mass is 80 kg. How much force

does the Earth apply on it? The acceleration due

to gravity in the earth is 9.8m/s2.

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